How to Copy in SketchUp
Are you wondering how to copy in SketchUp? Or how to copy and paste in SketchUp? Or how to copy scenes in SketchUp? Copying and pasting objects, scenes and components is a fundamental SketchUp skill and capability, and we’re going to show you exactly how to do it in this article. By the end of it you’ll know how to move objects whether you intend to rotate them, copy them or do something else creative with them.
How to Copy and Paste in SketchUp
The first thing to know is that the process of copying and pasting in SketchUp is much the same as it is in many other programs. The standard CTRL+C and CTRL+V keypress combinations work perfectly, which means your learning curve isn’t going to be that steep. And the select tool is an arrow, exactly as you’d expect.
The Select tool specifies the items you want to change using other SketchUp tools and commands. You’ll find it via the Getting Started toolbar, the Large Tool Set toolbar, the Principal toolbar in MS Windows / Tool Palette in macOS, and also via the Tools menu.
How to copy multiple objects in SketchUp? Using the Select tool, select an object you want to copy or select multiple objects. To change a line’s length, for example, you need to select the line. Scaling a box involves selecting the box. You can also select a group of objects to change at the same time, creating a ‘selection set’. To select more than one thing, simply hold down the Shift key and click all the items you want to select.
Choose Edit > Copy from the menu or use a shortcut – either Ctrl+C for Windows or Command+C for a Mac. Next choose Edit > Paste from the menu bar, Ctrl+V for Windows or Command+V for a Mac – and you’ll see the cursor change into a Move tool. The SketchUp components you’ve copied float around as you move the mouse. To place SketchUp objects, simply click where you want them to go.
Selecting Multiple Objects in SketchUp
You’ll probably need to select specific, multiple objects when copying in SketchUp. So how do you do it? It’s simple. You use the Shift key to select multiple objects, and the same key to remove objects from your selection set.
Double clicking faces selects the face you want along with all of the adjoining edges. In the same way, double clicking an edge selects it along with its adjoining faces. When you triple click on a face you select the entire object that it belongs to, which it forms a part of. And when you select an element it changes colour to blue making it easy to keep track of what you’re doing.
How to Copy Scenes in SketchUp
A SketchUp Scene is simply a saved image of your mode associated with a tab. Scenes are what you use to save different views of models and their properties, which you can present to colleagues or clients. It makes more sense than opening a drawing with the view you want, erasing the contents, then pasting in the new model.
Creating a Scene triggers a tab at the top of your drawing area. To view the Scene – the saved view – you click the tab to display it. You can also import and export Scenes to other models using a special plugin costing five US dollars, PageExIm.rb by Rick Wilson.
While you can’t animate Scenes with SketchUp for Web yet, you can export all your video animations as image sets. As you can imagine, animations are a great way to present models from different angles and create useful shadow studies, revealing exactly where the light falls throughout the day.
Before you create an animation you need to make scenes of your model, each with different settings. Once you’re ready to animate, you can either play an animation in SketchUp, export your animation to a video file, or export the image set as a collection of image files to be animated via video software, something you can do via SketchUp Pro. It’s good to know that copies made across a variety of standard image formats can be imported into SketchUp.
Now you know how to copy in SketchUp, what will you create? Find out more about how to use this exceptional tool via our popular tutorials,and explore the choice between the free and Pro versions of SketchUp here.
Creating Copies with the Move and Rotate Tools in SketchUp
One of the things that you’ll find yourself doing a lot of in SketchUp is creating copies of objects. Most things that you model in SketchUp contain repeating geometry (table legs, window panes, fence pickets, etc). If you can learn to utilize SketchUp’s tools to help you make these copies quickly and to put them where you want them, you can save yourself hours of modeling time in the future. This tutorial will teach you to use the move and rotate tools in SketchUp to create copies of objects.
The most basic way to create those copies is to simply select the object that you want to copy, then use the copy and paste tools in the edit toolbar. However, not only is this a very slow process, it’s very imprecise.
We’ll use the simple box below as an example.
Let’s say that I wanted to make 5 copies of this box component and place the copies spaced exactly ten feet apart along the green axis from where the original box sat. This would be a very time consuming task using the copy and paste options in the edit toolbar. I’d have to copy/paste my box, place it somewhere in the model, then draw a line from the origin point to where I wanted my box to sit, then move my box to the end of that line so I’d know my box was in the right place, then I’d have to erase the guide line that I drew, then repeat the process 3 more times. Yuck, right? This is far too many steps and is WAY too time consuming.
What I would do instead is use the “move” tool to create the copy of my box. The nice thing about the “move” tool in SketchUp is that not only does it allow you to move objects around, it allows you to make multiple copies of objects.
Go ahead and draw a box in your model (more info on drawing a 3D box can be found in my 3D doghouse tutorial). It can have any dimensions you want (mine is 4” long x 4” wide x 3” high). After you’ve drawn your box, select it, right click and select the “make component” option, labeling it “3D box.” You can find more information on the benefits of creating components in my “Basics of Groups and Components” tutorial here.
Select the box by clicking on it once. Then, select the move tool using the keyboard shortcut “M.” Then, press the “Control” key on your keyboard. This will activate copy mode.
Now, click once on the corner of your box. This will activate the move tool. When the move tool is active, you’ll be able to move anything you have selected around in your model. Since you’re in copy mode, SketchUp will create a copy of your box and move it around in your model instead of the original. If you just wanted to create a single copy and don’t care about being ultra-precise with the location of your copy, you can just click where you want your new copy to go.
However, remember that we want to make multiple copies of this box at a spacing of ten feet. The move tool allows us to do this very easily. It’s a two-step process. First, we want to set our distance. To do this, start off like you did before. Activate the move tool using the “m” key on your keyboard. Press the control key to activate copy mode. Click once on the corner of your box. However, this time, instead of clicking to place your copy, simply move your mouse in the direction you would like your copy to be created and type in a distance. In this case, type in 10’0” and hit enter. This will create a copy of your box exactly ten feet in the direction of your cursor.
However, we’re still not done. Remember, we wanted to create 5 copies of our box, right? This is simple with the move tool. Once you’ve placed the copy of your box, type in the letter “x” and the number of copies you would like to make. SketchUp will automatically create this number of copies, all spaced the same amount apart as your original and your first copy in the same direction as your first copy. If you decide you want more or fewer copies, as long as you don’t click out of the tool, you can type in “x” and a new number and hit enter, and SketchUp will automatically add to or subtract from the number of copies it creates.
In addition to being able to create multiple copies in a direction, SketchUp can also create multiple copies equally spaced between an original and an end point. For example, let’s say that instead of creating 5 copies of an object in a line spaced 10’ apart from each other, we wanted to place 8 copies of an object equally spaced within a 20’ distance. To do this, we’d follow the steps above (activate copy mode, make a copy of an object, specify a distance of 20’ for our copy), but instead of typing in “x7”, we would type in “/” and the number of copies we’d like to make. In this case, I’d type in “/7” and hit enter. This will create 7 copies of my object equally spaced between my original and my end object (and it would leave my original, giving me a total of 8 objects).
There is one more copy tool that SketchUp has that is a HUGE timesaver. What if you wanted to create copies in a circular direction instead of in a straight line? This would take FOREVER without a specialized tool. Lucky for us, SketchUp has a specialized tool that does this – the rotate tool. Now the base usage of the rotate tool is very simple – it’s a tool that rotates objects in your model. However, just like the move tool, if you press the control key while the rotate tool is active, it will create copies of your object along a circular arc using an angle you specify.
I’ll use the boxes we just created as an example. Drag a selection box around these objects to select them all. Now, select the rotate tool using the “q” key on your keyboard. Press the control key on your keyboard to activate copy mode. Just like the move tool, you need to set a base point. Click on the box where the axes intersect. Make sure that the protractor cursor is blue, indicating that you’re rotating your objects around the blue axis (Find a place on the screen where your protractor is blue, then hold down the “shift” key to lock it in. This will guarantee that you don’t accidentally change axes in the middle of this process.). Once you’ve set your base point, you’ll need to set the first point of your rotation. Click somewhere along the green axis line beyond your last box. Then, set how far you would like to rotate your copies, either by clicking on the screen or by typing in the number of degrees you would like and hitting the enter key.
Just like with the move tool, after you’ve created your initial copy, you can type in “x” and the number of copies you’d like to make to create multiple copies, or use “/” and the number of copies you’d like to make to create an equally spaced number of copies in an arc between your original and your first copy.
Try to integrate these tools into your workflow when working in SketchUp. If you can utilize the strategies above when you create copies of objects, you can save yourself a lot of extra modeling time down the road. If you’re looking for more tips to help you save time when modeling, enter your email address below to download a free copy of my guide “10 Timesaving Tips in SketchUp.”
Chapter 1. Making Multiple Copies
This chapter covers the various ways you can make linear and rotated copies by using the Move and Rotate tools. If you’ve done any basic work with SketchUp, you might already be familiar with the concepts in this chapter. Keep reading, however. Even some experienced users don’t know all there is about how to copy, which is a fundamental and important concept. (Plus it never hurts to review some basics.)
As you probably know, the Move tool is used to move objects, and the Rotate tool is used to rotate objects. For both tools, when you press the Ctrl/Option key, you will make copies. For linear copies, you can adjust the spacing and number of copies, and for rotated copies, you can adjust the angle between copies and the number of copies. For both kinds of copying, you can make these adjustments as many times as needed while the tool is still active. Keep in mind, however, that after you start a new Move or Rotate action, or activate a new tool, you can no longer adjust the spacing, angles, and so on.
1.1. Copying in Linear Arrays
You want to copy an object in a linear pattern (rows and columns).
Use the Move tool to make one copy and then adjust the number of copies and spacing between copies.
To make copies, activate the Move tool and press the Ctrl key (Option on the Mac). SketchUp is very flexible in how you can set the spacing and number of copies: After the first copy is made, you can enter the number of copies you want and set the spacing between them. Until you activate a new tool or start a new Move operation, you can continue to adjust both the spacing and numbers.
Most often, you need to make several copies of something in the horizontal (red or green) or vertical (blue) direction. In this example, you will practice this scenario by placing rows of windows along a wall. In the Other Uses section, you’ll see other examples of linear arrays: placing desks in a classroom, creating a neighborhood of identical houses, and arranging keys in a musical keyboard.
Start with a building like the one shown in Figure 1-1, which has one small window at the lower-left corner of the front face. You can create your model from scratch, or download my Linear Array model from the 3D Warehouse. Because the window will be copied, it should be a component. Why a component? A component is easy to select and will keep the file size small.
Figure 1-1. Figure 1-1
Aside from the reasons already mentioned, components are an extremely powerful feature of SketchUp, and you should take advantage of them wherever you can. Components are covered in detail in Chapter 7.
Activate Move and press the Ctrl/Option key. (You need to only tap the key; you don’t have to keep it pressed.) You should see a + sign on the cursor symbol.
When you use the Ctrl/Option key to make a copy, you can tap the key either before or after clicking move points. You can also tap Ctrl/Option repeatedly to toggle copying on and off.
Move the cursor over the window, which becomes highlighted in a bounding box (Figure 1-2). Click anywhere on the window, but do not click on one of the red + signs, as these will switch you from Move to Rotate mode.
Figure 1-2. Figure 1-2
The second point places the copy. Move the mouse directly to the right, in the green or red axis direction, as shown in Figure 1-3. (Whether the direction is green or red depends on how you oriented your model.) While you’re moving the mouse, look at the Length box, which indicates the distance between copies.
Figure 1-3. Figure 1-3
The length is indicated in the units of your model, which are set in the template you chose when you opened the file. If you want to change the units, open the Model Info window (Window→Model Info) to the Units page.
Click to place the copy. After the copy is placed, the window glass cuts the wall, and you can see through it.
Making an external linear array in SketchUp is easy: Type the number of copies you want, followed by an x, and then press Enter. Type 3x and press Enter, for a total of four windows (Figure 1-4).
Figure 1-4. Figure 1-4
Do not click in the Length field; just type and press Enter. If you click to enter the Length field, SketchUp will think you are ending the current action.
As long as you don’t start another Move operation or activate another tool, you can change your mind about numbers and spacing. For example, entering 6x yields seven windows, which is too many (Figure 1-5).
Figure 1-5. Figure 1-5
Enter 5x to produce five copies, for a total of six windows (Figure 1-6). This is better, but the spacing isn’t quite right. The windows should be closer together.
Figure 1-6. Figure 1-6
To make the windows 8 feet apart, type 8′ and press Enter. (If your units are Architectural, you need to include the apostrophe for the foot symbol.) As you can see in Figure 1-7, this looks too crowded.
Figure 1-7. Figure 1-7
Try 8′ 6″ (Architectural format for 8 feet and 6 inches). You can enter this dimension most easily as 8.5′. This still looks too crowded (Figure 1-8).
Figure 1-8. Figure 1-8
Keep trying out new numbers until your spacing looks right. As shown in Figure 1-9, I settled on spacing of 9′ 4″, which can be entered like this: 9′4. (The inch symbol is not needed because that is the default unit.)
Figure 1-9. Figure 1-9
Figure 1-10. Figure 1-10
When your row of windows looks right, you can copy the entire row. The Move tool will actively select only one object at a time, so when you want to copy multiple objects, you must first preselect the objects. Activate Select and select all of the windows in the row, as shown in Figure 1-11. (Holding the Shift key enables you to select multiple objects.)
Figure 1-11. Figure 1-11
Activate Move and press Ctrl/Option. Click anywhere for the first move point—on a face, edge, or in blank space. Then click the second move point straight above the first move point, in the blue direction (Figure 1-12).
Figure 1-12. Figure 1-12
SketchUp moves the selected objects by the distance and direction between the two move points.
Enter 2x (or whatever number works for you) and adjust the spacing to fill the wall with windows (Figure 1-13).
Figure 1-13. Figure 1-13
Now you can copy all of these windows to the back of the building. Select them all, activate Move with Ctrl/Option, and for the first move point, click the midpoint shown in Figure 1-14. This midpoint is used so that the position of the windows relative to the front wall will be the same for the windows copied to the back wall.
Figure 1-14. Figure 1-14
Orbit to face the back wall, and click the same midpoint on this wall. The finished building is shown in Figure 1-15.
Figure 1-15. Figure 1-15
There are endless possibilities for external linear array copies, but here are just a few:
Figure 1-16 shows repeated chair-and-desk components that fill a classroom.
Figure 1-16. Figure 1-16
Figure 1-17 shows houses copied to make a neighborhood. (To copy the houses from one side of the street to the other, you can turn them to face the right way with the Flip option on the pop-up menu.)
Figure 1-17. Figure 1-17
To make a neighborhood with houses of different colors, see Recipe 7.8.
Figure 1-18 shows a set of piano keys copied to make a keyboard. The buttons at the top are also copied components.
Figure 1-18. Figure 1-18
1.2. Creating Linear Internal Arrays
You want to place your first and last copies, and space additional objects between them.
Use construction lines for exact placement, and use the “forward slash” format for the number of copies.
In this scenario, you know where the first and last objects are located, and want to space objects evenly between them. The format for placing a specific number of copies between two objects is to enter the desired number of copies, followed by the / (forward slash) symbol. (The forward slash symbol denotes division.) For example, if you make a copy of an object 20 feet away, and then type 4/ and press Enter, you will have five objects (four copies plus one original), with four equal spaces of 5 feet each in between copies.
To help you align your copies, you can use construction lines, which are temporary guide lines that can easily be erased or hidden when you’re finished with them. Construction lines are created with the Tape Measure tool.
In this example, you’ll use construction lines to place the first and last windows in a row, and then use the forward slash format to place more windows in between. In the Other Uses section, you’ll see how an internal array can be used to space pickets of a fence.
Start with a model like the one shown in Figure 1-19, which has one window in the middle of the front wall. You can create your model from scratch, or download my Internal Linear Array model from the 3D Warehouse. The window should be a component.
Figure 1-19. Figure 1-19
In addition to measuring, the Tape Measure tool can be used for creating construction lines. Activate Tape Measure. You should see a + sign attached to your cursor, but if not, press the Ctrl/Option key (otherwise, you will only be taking a measurement). Click anywhere on the lower edge of the wall (don’t click on an endpoint), and move the cursor straight up, creating an offset construction line as shown in Figure 1-20. The offset distance appears next to the cursor.
Figure 1-20. Figure 1-20
To make the offset exact, type the offset distance and press Enter. For this example, type 4′ for 4 feet (Figure 1-21).
Figure 1-21. Figure 1-21
Create construction lines at the same offset distance from the other three edges of this wall (Figure 1-22).
Figure 1-22. Figure 1-22
When you need to create angled construction lines, use the Protractor tool (not to be confused with the Rotate tool).
You can now move the window into place. Select it, activate Move, and for the first move point, click the window’s lower-left corner, where the back of the window meets the wall (Figure 1-23).
Figure 1-23. Figure 1-23
Place this corner at the intersection point of the bottom and left construction lines, as shown in Figure 1-24 (make sure you see the Intersection inference, which is a snap point).
Figure 1-24. Figure 1-24
To place a copy on the other side, click the first move point on the lower-right back corner of the window (Figure 1-25).
Figure 1-25. Figure 1-25
Press Ctrl/Option, and click the second move point at the intersection of the right and bottom construction lines (Figure 1-26).
Figure 1-26. Figure 1-26
Type 3/ and press Enter (don’t forget the forward slash symbol after the number). This gives you four windows (three copies plus the original), with three equal spaces in between (Figure 1-27).
Figure 1-27. Figure 1-27
You can still change your mind; in Figure 1-28, for example, I switched to five copied windows (5/).
Figure 1-28. Figure 1-28
To make additional evenly spaced rows, select all of the windows, and for the first move point, click any one of the windows at its top point (Figure 1-29).
Figure 1-29. Figure 1-29
Start to move the copy up vertically (blue direction), and press and hold the Shift key to lock in the blue direction. With Shift pressed, click anywhere on the top construction line (Figure 1-30).
Figure 1-30. Figure 1-30
You could also tap (but not hold) the up arrow key to lock the blue direction, which saves you from having to keep Shift pressed. How you lock directions is a personal preference. Locking directions and other constraints are covered in depth in Chapter 5.
Enter 2/ to get three rows, and you’re finished.
To erase the construction lines, you can use the Eraser tool and click each one, or choose Edit→Delete Guides. (You can also hide construction lines by choosing View→Hide Guides.) The completed model is shown in Figure 1-31.
Figure 1-31. Figure 1-31
An internal linear array can be used to space pickets of a fence. Figure 1-32 shows a fence in which the first picket is copied to the end of the fence.
Figure 1-32. Figure 1-32
In Figure 1-33, the 4/ spacing creates four copies of the picket.
Figure 1-33. Figure 1-33
In Figure 1-34, the 7/ spacing creates seven copies, producing a denser fence.
Figure 1-34. Figure 1-34
1.3. Building a Nonorthogonal Linear Array
You want to make linear copies along a slope, in a nonorthogonal direction.
When defining the move points, use reference geometry that defines the move direction.
In the previous recipes, the copies have followed the red, green, or blue directions. When you want to move in another direction, first be sure that you have objects in your model that define the direction you want to use. In this example, the model has an edge that defines the move direction, and both move points will be clicked along this edge.
Start with a building like the one shown in Figure 1-35, with a sloped top and one window in the top-left corner of the front wall. You can create your model from scratch, or download my Sloped Linear Array model from the 3D Warehouse. The window should be a component.
Figure 1-35. Figure 1-35
Select the window and activate Move. Press Ctrl/Option. For the move distance and direction, click two points along the sloped edge, as shown in Figure 1-36. (If your window jumps to the wrong face, wiggle the mouse to tweak it into place.)
Figure 1-36. Figure 1-36
Using the method demonstrated in Recipe 1.1, enter the number of copies you want (say, 4x) and adjust the spacing to get a line of sloped windows (Figure 1-37). The spacing is the distance measured along the diagonal edge.
Figure 1-37. Figure 1-37
You can change your mind and use an internal array as shown in Recipe 1.2. Just enter the distance between the first and last windows. The distance in this example is 50 feet. You will still have the same number of windows as before, but they will be spaced so that only two appear on the building (Figure 1-38). You may have to zoom out to see the rest of the windows.
Figure 1-38. Figure 1-38
Enter 6/, or whatever number works for you, to get your internal array of windows (Figure 1-39). All of the copies now appear between the first and last windows.
Figure 1-39. Figure 1-39
1.4. Copying in Circular Arrays
You want to make copies of an object in a circular pattern.
Use the Rotate tool to make copies, adjusting the number of copies and the angle between copies.
To make copies with the Rotate tool, you must first preselect the objects to be copied. Then activate the Rotate tool and press the Ctrl key (Option on the Mac). You can enter the angle between copies before or after you place the copy. After the first copy is made, you can enter the number of copies you want. Until you activate a new tool or start a new Rotate operation, you can continue to adjust both the angle and numbers.
This example is an octagonal-shaped building, in which windows and doors will be copied in a circular pattern, to fit on the walls.
In Other Uses, you’ll see how rotated copies can be used to make a jewel-studded bracelet, a dining room set, a Ferris wheel, and a circular group of columns.
Start with an octagon-shaped building as shown in Figure 1-40, with a sloped octagonal roof. You can create your model from scratch, or download my Circular Array model from the 3D Warehouse.
Figure 1-40. Figure 1-40
To create one of the roof windows, use the Offset tool to make a triangle inside one of the roof faces. Trim any extra edges, and paint the window with glass.
Select this new window face (Figure 1-41).
Figure 1-41. Figure 1-41
Activate Rotate. The first click places the center of rotation, which should be the center of the top octagonal face. Before you can find this point, you need to remind SketchUp of that inference point, so hover over one of the corner points of the top octagon (Figure 1-42).
Figure 1-42. Figure 1-42
Having found the circumference of the octagon, SketchUp can now find its center point. Move the cursor to the center and click the center point, as shown in Figure 1-43.
Figure 1-43. Figure 1-43
SketchUp always keeps the last five defined points in its immediate memory buffer. If you are looking for an object created more than five clicks ago, you need to move that object up into the buffer. Hovering over a point or edge does just this.
The next two clicks define the rotation angle. The first click defines the angle’s baseline, and the second click defines the rotation angle relative to the baseline. Press Ctrl/Option to make a copy (look for the + sign on the cursor), and click any corner of any octagon (top, middle, or bottom of the building), as shown in Figure 1-44.
Figure 1-44. Figure 1-44
Click an adjacent octagon corner, and the Angle field informs you that the angle is 45 degrees (Figure 1-45).
Figure 1-45. Figure 1-45
In this example, 45 degrees is the correct angle (360 / 8 = 45). If you wanted to try out a different angle, you would just type it and press Enter. (You can also simply enter an angle value instead of clicking the second rotation point.)
Enter 7x, and you have eight total windows (Figure 1-46).
Figure 1-46. Figure 1-46
Now you’ll make alternating windows and doors on the vertical faces. Activate Offset again, and place your cursor inside one of the faces, as shown in Figure 1-47 (don’t click yet).
Figure 1-47. Figure 1-47
While the face is highlighted, double-click on it. This offsets the face by the same offset distance you used to make the triangular roof window (Figure 1-48).
Figure 1-48. Figure 1-48
Make the same offset on an adjacent face (Figure 1-49).
Figure 1-49. Figure 1-49
One offset rectangle will become a door, and the other will become a window. To make the door, move the bottom edge straight down to meet the ground. The door faces will eventually be erased, but it’s hard to copy what isn’t there, so leave the door face there for now. To make the window, move the bottom edge up and paint the face. The window and door are shown in Figure 1-50.
Figure 1-50. Figure 1-50
Select both of these faces (Figure 1-51).
Figure 1-51. Figure 1-51
Activate Rotate and click the same center point as before, at the center of the top octagon (Figure 1-52).
Figure 1-52. Figure 1-52
Because you are copying both faces at once, the rotation will be double what it was previously. Click two corner points that are 90 degrees apart (Figure 1-53).
Figure 1-53. Figure 1-53
Enter 3x, and every face should have either a window or a door (Figure 1-54).
Figure 1-54. Figure 1-54
To remove the door face, use the Eraser tool on the edge shown in Figure 1-55.
Figure 1-55. Figure 1-55
Repeat this step for the other three doors.
If any window faces aren’t painted correctly, fix them with the Paint tool. Figure 1-56 shows the building viewed from below.
Figure 1-56. Figure 1-56
Here are a few examples of where rotated copies are used.
You can copy emeralds around a ring or bracelet (Figure 1-57).
Figure 1-57. Figure 1-57
You can arrange chairs around a circular table (Figure 1-58).
Figure 1-58. Figure 1-58
You can arrange pairs of columns in an open, circular pattern (Figure 1-59), perhaps for a hotel lobby or ballroom.
Figure 1-59. Figure 1-59
Finally, you can create supports and seats for a Ferris wheel (Figure 1-60).
Figure 1-60. Figure 1-60
1.5. Creating Circular Internal Arrays
You want to place your first and last rotated copies, and space additional objects between them.
Use the Rotate tool to make the last copy, and specify the number of internal copies in between using the forward slash format.
In this scenario, you know where the first and last objects are located, and want to space objects evenly between them. The format for placing a specific number of copies between two rotate-copied objects is to enter the desired number of copies, followed by the / (forward slash) symbol, which denotes division. For example, if you make a copy of an object 90 degrees away, and then type 3/ and press Enter, you will have four objects (three copies plus one original), with three equal spaces of 30 degrees between copies.
In this example, you’ll place a ring of planters around the model you created in Recipe 1.4. In the Other Uses section, you’ll see how a circular internal array can be used to place chairs around a lecture podium.
Start with the model you completed in Recipe 1.4. Instead of making an actual planter with a plant in it, or taking the trouble to find a component for it, use a simplified cylinder instead. Somewhere outside the building, draw a circle and pull it up to represent a planter (Figure 1-61). Because it will be copied, make this cylinder a component. (If you don’t have this model, you can download my Circular Internal Array model from the 3D Warehouse.)
Figure 1-61. Figure 1-61
Select the planter, activate Rotate, and place the center of rotation at the center of the building (Figure 1-62).
Figure 1-62. Figure 1-62
Create a copy 360 degrees away. This is a full turn around the circle, which means the copy is placed exactly on top of the original (Figure 1-63).
Figure 1-63. Figure 1-63
Enter 12/ (use the slash symbol) to get a total of 13 planters evenly spaced around the circle, as shown in Figure 1-64. (The last planter shares the same space as the first copy, so it appears that you have 12 planters.)
Figure 1-64. Figure 1-64
To get more planters, enter 24/ (Figure 1-65).
Figure 1-65. Figure 1-65
You can adjust the total rotation angle as well. Enter 180 to set 25 planters spaced within a 180-degree angle. This time there is no overlap between the first and last planters, so you can see all 25 planters (Figure 1-66).
Figure 1-66. Figure 1-66
A circular internal array can be used to place chairs in a circular pattern around a lecture podium.
Figure 1-67 shows the first and last chair in the room. Their location is determined by the maximum viewing angle from the chair to the lecture podium.
Figure 1-67. Figure 1-67
For four copies of the chair, use 4/ spacing (Figure 1-68).
Figure 1-68. Figure 1-68
The 8/ spacing shown Figure 1-69 can be used for a more crowded lecture.
Figure 1-69. Figure 1-69
How do you copy multiple items in SketchUp?
To tell SketchUp that you want to duplicate the selected entities, tap the Ctrl (Microsoft Windows) or Option (macOS) key to toggle Copy functionality. Next to the four-way arrow cursor, a plus sign appears. Click the selected entities. Move the cursor to copy your selection.
How do I select multiple components in SketchUp?
1. Click and drag to make a selection box. With the Select tool active, click and drag to create a temporary box around the items you want to select.
2. Double- or triple-click.
3. Context-click an edge.
4. Context-click a face.
How do you multiply objects in SketchUp?
How do you copy an object from one SketchUp file to another?
1. Open a model, select something you want, do a Copy.
2. Open another model, Paste or Paste in Place.
What are the 3 basic navigation tools?
Chuck Hawley explains how to use some basic traditional chart navigation tools. Circular parallel rules, parallel rules, rolling plotters, dividers, sextants, and star charts are discussed to help you understand their function in plotting a course for your next offshore boating trip.
How do you copy a path in SketchUp?
How do you ask SketchUp for an inference?
How do you select everything in a layer in SketchUp?
Select an Object on the required Layer. Right-click and in the Context-Menu near the top is Select… Pop this out and there’ Select all on Same Layer… All active Objects on that Layer are Selected.8 oct. 2009
What happens when you triple click a face in SketchUp?
Triple-click selects all the connected things – SketchUp – SketchUp Community.29 jan. 2017
Which SketchUp tool is used to draw edges?
How do I add textures to SketchUp?
1. In the Colors panel, click the Textures Palette tab (the one with the brick icon).
2. Select the collection where you want the new material to appear.
3. Select Color > New Texture.
4. In the dialog box that appears, select an image file for your texture.
What is the difference between groups and components in SketchUp?
By definition, a Group is a single instance of a collection of geometry. A Component is a named collection of geometry that can exist at multiple locations within the model. Each instance is a repetition of all others. A change to one instance changes all other instances.
How do I open two SketchUp files?
you can always open multiple models at the same time in windows, just do not open them in the model you are working on but open them in a new sketchup window or from the model file itself in the folder where you saved it. For the record, double clicking a file isn’t a “work around” but the normal way of opening a file.
How do I export a component in SketchUp?
1. Select Component you want to export.
2. Right click to open context menu.
3. Choose ‘Save as …’ to export component’s contents to single skp file (not a component) with component axsis, to any folder you like.
4. You can reload component’s contents by selecting same context menu ‘Reload…’
What are the 3 types of navigation?
Three main types of navigation are celestial, GPS, and map and compass.
Multiple sketchup copy
Copying What You’ve Already Drawn
In SketchUp, you can copy geometry by using
- The Copy and Paste commands
- The Move tool ()
- The Rotate tool ()
When you copy and paste with the Move tool, you can make a single copy or create multiple copies and tell SketchUp how to space them — if you know the secret keystrokes.
Use the Rotate tool when you want one or more copies to circle around a center point, sort of like engineers around a DIY quadcopter kit.
Note that any geometry you copy and paste within a SketchUp model could also be copied and pasted into a new SketchUp document as well, you aren't required to perform this operation in only one document.
Copying and pasting geometry
SketchUp's Copy and Paste commands work much like they do in many other programs. Here's how to copy and paste in SketchUp:
- With the Select tool (), select the geometry you want to copy. See Selecting Geometry for tips on making selections.
- Select Edit > Copy from the menu bar. Or press the keyboard shortcut Ctrl+C (Microsoft Windows) or Command+C (macOS).
- Select Edit > Paste from the menu bar. Or press Ctrl+V (Microsoft Windows) or Command+V (macOS). Your cursor changes to a Move tool cursor, and your copied geometry floats around as you move the mouse. In the figure, you see a copy of the copied trapezoid-shaped face about to be placed on the red-green plane.
- Click where you want to place the copied geometry.
Copying and multiplying geometry with the Move tool
The Move tool can copy geometry, too — or make numerous copies — with only a few clicks and keystrokes.
Tip: When you copy with the Move tool, you can specify an interval for the copies. This feature is particularly useful for creating 3D models of fences, bridges, and decks, where several posts or beams are equally spaced.
To make copies with the Move tool, follow these steps:
- With the Select tool (), select the geometry you want to copy.
- Select the Move tool () from the toolbar or press M. The cursor changes to a four-way arrow.
- To tell SketchUp that you want to duplicate the selected entities, tap the Ctrl (Microsoft Windows) or Option (macOS) key to toggle Copy functionality. Next to the four-way arrow cursor, a plus sign appears.
- Click the selected entities.
- Move the cursor to copy your selection. A copy of your selection follows the Move cursor as you move it onscreen. In the figure, the fence panel has been copied.
- Click where you want to place your copy. The copied entities are now selected and the original entities are not selected. Alternately, to move your selection a precise distance, you can type a length value, such as 21' or 30m, and then press Enter.
- (Optional) Immediately after placing your copy, create multiple copies or equally spaced copies by typing a value and a multiplier, which appear the Measurements box. The following table outlines your options.
|To Do This||Type This||Example|
|Create multiple copies.||A number and X, or * and a number||Type 7x (or *7) to make 7 copies.|
|Divide the distance between the copy and the original.||A divisor value||Type 5/ (or /5) to create five copies evenly spaced between the original and the first copy.|
Tip: You can keep typing distances and multipliers until you perform another operation. In the figure, typing 3/ created enough fence panels to complete one section of the privacy fence. In this way, you can add a fence or other repetitive element to your model in minutes.
Note: Technically, when you create multiple copies, you're creating a linear array.
Rotating copies around an axis
Whether you want to model Stonehenge or a backyard fire pit, the Rotate tool simplifies the work of placing copies around a center point.
Tip: If you're not familiar with the Rotate tool, review the basics of rotating geometry in SketchUp.
To rotate copies around a center point, follow these steps:
- With the Select tool (), select the geometry you want to copy and rotate.
- Select the Rotate tool () on the toolbar or press Q.
- Click where you want the rotation's center point to be, as shown where the Rotate cursor appears in the figure.
- Click the selection you want to copy and rotate. The following figure shows the inference lines that appear after clicking the rock.
- Tell SketchUp to make copies by tapping the Ctrl key (Microsoft Windows) or the Option key (macOS) to toggle the Copy functionality, this will persist until it's toggled off. A plus sign appears next to the Rotate cursor. (You can actually tell SketchUp to make copies anytime between Steps 3 and 5.)
- Move the cursor to wherever you want to place your rotated copy. As you move the cursor, an inference line shows the angle between your original geometry and the rotated copy, as shown in the figure.
- Click to place your copied geometry.
- (Optional) Type a number and the x, *, or / modifier to create multiple copies around the center point. (See the earlier table for details about what each modifier does.) In the figure, typing 7/ created 7 copies of the rock.
Note: Under the hood, when you follow the preceding steps, SketchUp is creating a circular array of objects.
How to Array or Duplicate Objects in SketchUp
I have come to realize that first time user of SketchUp tend to ask me the same question – How to Array in SketchUp? Repeating an object in SketchUp is easy, the tutorial below is just one of the many methods, for soon to be SketchUp users, here is the answer:
1. Select the object.
2. Then select Move/Copy.
3. Hold down the Ctrl key.
4. Select the end point of an object (while holding down the Ctrl key).
5. Move or align the object according to the Axis (Green/Blue/Red), do not release the Ctrl key yet!
6. After aligning the object according to the axis, release the Ctrl button and Key in the distance and hit enter.
7. Repeat step 1 to 5, this time instead of keying in the distance, simply take the neighboring object as the reference point.
8. Or just type “x5” for having 5 identical arrayed copies. Thanks Vasko for the wonderful tips.
- Mikrotik centralized management
- Oasis foam cages
- Flambeau medical box
- Wow legion blizzcon
- Rust map markers
- Beem pour over
- N scale trailers
- Cobra pbs trailer
- Loom band stores
How to Copy Objects in SketchUp
Welcome to my SketchUp Guide on Duplicating Objects!
Hi everyone! Welcome to my second SketchUp tutorial, where I show you how to copy objects in SketchUp. Well done if you completed my first SketchUp tutorial on building a basic 3D model. You’ll already be well on your way to designing some great displays.
Learning how to copy objects in SketchUp is really important. Why? Because it makes the design process much quicker and more efficient, which will be a definite bonus for you! Let’s get started.
Highlight a Single Object or Group of Objects to Duplicate
Select a Single Object to Duplicate
If you want to select just one entity to copy, it’s simple:
Enter Select mode, either by pressing the Space Bar or by choosing the Select icon from the toolbar.
Left click on the entity that you would like to select. It should become highlighted like in the example here [image of highlighted selection] – and it’s as simple as that!
Select a Group of Objects to Duplicate
If you want to copy numerous entities, this is slightly different but still requires the Select tool:
Enter Select mode (see section above)
Left click on your mouse and hold. Then move it until a temporary selection box appears.
Drag thisselection box over the objects you wish to select, then release to make the selection (the box will disappear at this point).
If you drag the box to the left, any entities that are within or intersected by the box will be selected upon release.
Duplicating Your Selection
With your entity/entities now selected:
Enter Move mode by pressing the M key.
Once in move mode left click your selection and hold.
Drag your selection and, still holding down the left mouse button, press the Ctrl key.
Your duplicate should now appear, and you can release the left mouse button(don’t click again yet).
Now, move your mouse to where you would like the new entity to be positioned relative to the originalone, either by:
a. Moving the duplicated entity around free hand and then clicking the left mousebutton when it’s where you want it,
b. by using your mouse to move the duplicate onto the axis whose direction you would like it to move in (Green/Red/Blue), then typing the measurement of distance on the keyboard, and pressing the Enter key.
Creating Lots of Duplicate Objects at Once
Once you have created a copy of your entity, you can now create loads of duplicates the action you have just completed, only in a simple way that doesn’t require repeating the process just outlined over and over:
After following the above steps, your original object and duplicate should still be highlighted. At this point do not click or do anything else, this will compromise the next process.
With both entities highlighted press the X key on your keyboard (this represents the multiply function).
Then press the number on the keyboard by which you would like to multiple the duplication. e.g. If you have two entities, pressing X followed by 3 will give you 6 entities.
Once you have pressed your desired number key, press Enter.
The duplicates will now appear and should be equidistant from one another.
My SketchUp tutorials are geared towards making the SketchUp design process as efficient as possible. I hope that the quick tips provided in this tutorial on how to copy objects in SketchUp have accomplished exactly that. Any comments or requests for more guides, just let me know – your voice matters.
In the meantime, if you’re interested in learning the basics of drawing entities in SketchUp, check out my first tutorial on creating a to-scale block drawing. Until next time!