Microsoft bonds 2020

Microsoft bonds 2020 DEFAULT

Fitch Upgrades Microsoft to 'AAA'; Outlook Stable

Fitch Ratings - Chicago - 01 Apr 2021: Fitch Ratings has upgraded the Long-Term Issuer Default Rating (IDR) for Microsoft Corporation to 'AAA' from 'AA+'. The Rating Outlook is Stable. The Short-Term IDR has been affirmed at 'F1+'. The ratings affect $64 billion of debt.

Microsoft is well-positioned for cloud computing services, leveraging its legacy strengths in software applications that benefit from strong network effects. Fitch expects Microsoft's cloud-based products, including Office 365, Dynamics 365, Azure and server products, to continue to provide robust growth to mitigate the secularly weaker and cyclical PC-related products. In addition, the adaptation of the Office suite of products to the cloud delivery model effectively decouples Office products from personal computers (PCs), enabling continuing growth of Office products in spite of the secularly weaker PC industry. The coronavirus pandemic has boosted both software and hardware products for Microsoft, as remote work has increased demand for overall IT products.

Microsoft's $64 billion of outstanding debt is manageable, supported by the company's $132 billion of readily available cash and equivalents and normalized annual FCF of over $30 billion. Fitch expects Microsoft to have sufficient capacity to continue retiring bonds at maturity, maintaining dividend payments, repurchasing shares and making strategic acquisitions. As of December 2020, Microsoft's gross leverage was 0.8x. The operating and financial profiles of the company are consistent for the 'AAA' rating category.

Key Rating Drivers

Cloud Services Driving Growth: Fitch expects operating performance will remain solid, driven by robust cloud products growth; these include Microsoft's Azure cloud services, cloud infrastructure software and productivity products that have been adapted for the cloud environment. Fitch expects Microsoft to remain a leading cloud services provider over the intermediate term, with an integrated offering across infrastructure and software services, benefitting from its established footprint in legacy Windows OS and Office productivity products. Fitch projects revenue growth in the low teens over the intermediate term.

Highly Diversified Revenue Streams: Fitch expects the more profitable cloud services growth to diversify Microsoft's revenue base and increase profitability while reducing its dependency on PCs. While Microsoft's More Personal Computing segment still represents approximately 35% of GAAP revenues, it constitutes less than 30% of operating profits. Fitch expects operating EBITDA margins to remain at approximately 50% over the intermediate term, supported by the favorable product mix shift. With the rising scale of Microsoft's cloud-based products, revenues and profits from these products should increasingly eclipse personal computing products.

Resilient Demand Supported By Network Effect: Microsoft benefits from network effect due to its broad installed base of Windows OS and Office products that are de facto standards for computer software and productivity tools. The standard software enables users to efficiently share applications and information. The cloud adaptation of Office enables Microsoft to extend its strong position as customers increasingly migrate to cloud environment. Given the ubiquitous installed base of these products and the benefits of network effect, Fitch expects Microsoft to maintain its dominance in these areas. Cloud-based delivery of software applications also decouples these products from specific hardware platforms, further cementing the adoption of the products.

Significant Cash Position and Strong FCF: Fitch expects revenue growth and strong profitability will result in over $30 billion of annual Fitch-calculated post-dividend FCF through the intermediate term. In conjunction with the $132 billion of readily available cash and equivalents on the balance sheet as of Dec. 31, 2020, Fitch expects Microsoft to have ample capacity to repay maturing debt, continue dividend payments, make acquisitions and repurchase shares.

Competitive Enterprise Cloud Market: Enterprise cloud services are dominated by Amazon Web Services (AWS), Microsoft Azure and Google Cloud Platform. While Microsoft has established a solid position as the number-two provider in the current environment dominated by Infrastructure-as-a-Service (IaaS), competition from AWS and Google Cloud is fierce. In addition, smaller cloud-service providers, including IBM and Oracle Cloud, remain relevant in the growing market. Given the overall industry trend toward cloud services, Fitch expects IaaS competition to remain fierce. Fitch believes Microsoft holds a strong defensible position in the Software-as-a-Service (SaaS) segment relative to peers, anchored by its legacy strength in enterprise and productivity applications.

Derivation Summary

Fitch's ratings are supported by its view that Microsoft's cloud-based products will remain a key growth driver as adoption of cloud services continues to grow. Microsoft's Intelligent Cloud segment, including server products and Azure, should continue to experience robust growth. In addition, Microsoft's adaptation of its legacy perpetual-license-based productivity products to cloud-based SaaS products increases the lifetime value of customers over the long term. In conjunction with Microsoft's strong relationships with enterprises and consumers, Fitch believes the company's cloud-based product offerings are balanced across IaaS and SaaS, and competitive in the evolving IT industry.

Declining PC industry trends should continue to limit growth for Microsoft's More Personal Computing segment as demand for Windows OS weakens despite the recent strength from pandemic-driven demand. As more workloads migrate to the cloud, complex applications can be run without powerful edge devices such as PCs; PC utilization has been gradually displaced by mobile devices powered by alternative OS, such as Android and iOS. Fitch expects this trend to continue as cloud adoption continues to grow.

Microsoft has been retiring its bonds as they matured since the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 was enacted, while maintaining its dividend payments and share repurchases. Given the strong financial position of the company, Fitch expects Microsoft to continue to reduce debt at maturity through the forecast. In conjunction with EBITDA growth, Fitch estimates Microsoft's gross leverage to trend toward 0.5x and remain below 1.0x through the forecast.

Microsoft's scale, customer diversification, profit profile and leverage compare well against peers in the 'A', 'AA' and 'AAA' rating categories, including Intel Corporation (A+/Stable),, Inc. (A+/Positive), and Walmart, Inc. (AA/Stable).

Key Assumptions

Fitch's Key Assumptions Within Our Rating Case for the Issuer Include

--Revenue growth in the low teens;

--EBITDA margins remain approximately 50% through fiscal 2024;

--Dividend payments growing in line with profits;

--Average of $5 billion of acquisitions per year;

--Debt repaid at maturity through fiscal 2024;

--Share repurchases of $25 billion annually through fiscal 2022, rising to $30 billion through fiscal 2024.


Factors that Could, Individually or Collectively, Lead to Positive Rating Action/Upgrade

--Fitch does not expect positive rating action in the long term.

Factors that Could, Individually or Collectively, Lead to Negative Rating Action/Downgrade

--More aggressive financial policies, reflected by absence of debt repayment resulting in Fitch's expectation of gross leverage sustaining above 1.0x;

--Cash flow from operations minus capex/total debt with equity credit sustaining below 50%;

--Eroding competitive positions within core operating segments, reflected by zero or negative revenue growths and sustained operating margin compression.

Best/Worst Case Rating Scenario

International scale credit ratings of Non-Financial Corporate issuers have a best-case rating upgrade scenario (defined as the 99th percentile of rating transitions, measured in a positive direction) of three notches over a three-year rating horizon; and a worst-case rating downgrade scenario (defined as the 99th percentile of rating transitions, measured in a negative direction) of four notches over three years. The complete span of best- and worst-case scenario credit ratings for all rating categories ranges from 'AAA' to 'D'. Best- and worst-case scenario credit ratings are based on historical performance. For more information about the methodology used to determine sector-specific best- and worst-case scenario credit ratings, visit

Liquidity and Debt Structure

Robust Liquidity: As of Dec. 31, 2020, the company had $132 billion of cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments. Fitch's expectation of over $30 billion of annual post-dividend FCF through fiscal 2022 and rising to over $35 billion thereafter also supports liquidity.

Total debt at Dec. 31, 2020 was $64.6 billion and consists of senior notes with maturities from fiscals 2021-2057. The recent debt exchange has extended maturities to 2062.

Debt Structure:

--$500 million senior unsecured notes due fiscal 2021 (repaid during fiscal 3Q21);

--$8.0 billion senior unsecured notes due fiscal 2022;

--$2.75 billion senior unsecured notes due fiscal 2023;

--$5.25 billion senior unsecured notes due fiscal 2024;

--$47.7 billion senior unsecured notes due after fiscal 2024.


Unless otherwise disclosed in this section, the highest level of ESG credit relevance is a score of '3'. This means ESG issues are credit neutral or have only a minimal credit impact on the entity, either due to their nature or the way in which they are being managed by the entity. For more information on Fitch's ESG Relevance Scores, visit

Summary of Financial Adjustments

Fitch has made no material financial adjustments.


The principal sources of information used in the analysis are described in the Applicable Criteria.


Additional information is available on


The rated entity (and/or its agents) or, in the case of structured finance, one or more of the transaction parties participated in the rating process except that the following issuer(s), if any, did not participate in the rating process, or provide additional information, beyond the issuer’s available public disclosure.


Numbers in parentheses accompanying applicable model(s) contain hyperlinks to criteria providing description of model(s).



Microsoft Corporation EU Endorsed, UK Endorsed

Unsolicited Issuers

Microsoft Corporation (Unsolicited)
With Rated Entity or Related Third Party Participation Yes
With Access to Internal Documents No
With Access to Management Yes


Copyright © 2021 by Fitch Ratings, Inc., Fitch Ratings Ltd. and its subsidiaries. 33 Whitehall Street, NY, NY 10004. Telephone: 1-800-753-4824, (212) 908-0500. Fax: (212) 480-4435. Reproduction or retransmission in whole or in part is prohibited except by permission. All rights reserved. In issuing and maintaining its ratings and in making other report

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Solicitation Status

The ratings above were solicited and assigned or maintained at the request of the rated entity/issuer or a related third party. Any exceptions follow below.

Endorsement Policy

Fitch’s international credit ratings produced outside the EU or the UK, as the case may be, are endorsed for use by regulated entities within the EU or the UK, respectively, for regulatory purposes, pursuant to the terms of the EU CRA Regulation or the UK Credit Rating Agencies (Amendment etc.) (EU Exit) Regulations 2019, as the case may be. Fitch’s approach to endorsement in the EU and the UK can be found on Fitch’s Regulatory Affairs page on Fitch’s website. The endorsement status of international credit ratings is provided within the entity summary page for each rated entity and in the transaction detail pages for structured finance transactions on the Fitch website. These disclosures are updated on a daily basis.


This article describes the formula syntax and usage of the YIELD function in Microsoft Excel.


Returns the yield on a security that pays periodic interest. Use YIELD to calculate bond yield.


YIELD(settlement, maturity, rate, pr, redemption, frequency, [basis])

Important: Dates should be entered by using the DATE function, or as results of other formulas or functions. For example, use DATE(2008,5,23) for the 23rd day of May, 2008. Problems can occur if dates are entered as text.

The YIELD function syntax has the following arguments:

  • Settlement    Required. The security's settlement date. The security settlement date is the date after the issue date when the security is traded to the buyer.

  • Maturity    Required. The security's maturity date. The maturity date is the date when the security expires.

  • Rate    Required. The security's annual coupon rate.

  • Pr    Required. The security's price per $100 face value.

  • Redemption    Required. The security's redemption value per $100 face value.

  • Frequency    Required. The number of coupon payments per year. For annual payments, frequency = 1; for semiannual, frequency = 2; for quarterly, frequency = 4.

  • Basis    Optional. The type of day count basis to use.


Day count basis

0 or omitted

US (NASD) 30/360








European 30/360


  • Microsoft Excel stores dates as sequential serial numbers so they can be used in calculations. By default, January 1, 1900 is serial number 1, and January 1, 2008 is serial number 39448 because it is 39,448 days after January 1, 1900.

  • The settlement date is the date a buyer purchases a coupon, such as a bond. The maturity date is the date when a coupon expires. For example, suppose a 30-year bond is issued on January 1, 2008, and is purchased by a buyer six months later. The issue date would be January 1, 2008, the settlement date would be July 1, 2008, and the maturity date would be January 1, 2038, which is 30 years after the January 1, 2008, issue date.

  • Settlement, maturity, frequency, and basis are truncated to integers.

  • If settlement or maturity is not a valid date, YIELD returns the #VALUE! error value.

  • If rate < 0, YIELD returns the #NUM! error value.

  • If pr ≤ 0 or if redemption ≤ 0, YIELD returns the #NUM! error value.

  • If frequency is any number other than 1, 2, or 4, YIELD returns the #NUM! error value.

  • If basis < 0 or if basis > 4, YIELD returns the #NUM! error value.

  • If settlement ≥ maturity, YIELD returns the #NUM! error value.

  • If there is one coupon period or less until redemption, YIELD is calculated as follows:



    • A = number of days from the beginning of the coupon period to the settlement date (accrued days).

    • DSR = number of days from the settlement date to the redemption date.

    • E = number of days in the coupon period.

  • If there is more than one coupon period until redemption, YIELD is calculated through a hundred iterations. The resolution uses the Newton method, based on the formula used for the function PRICE. The yield is changed until the estimated price given the yield is close to price.


Copy the example data in the following table, and paste it in cell A1 of a new Excel worksheet. For formulas to show results, select them, press F2, and then press Enter. If you need to, you can adjust the column widths to see all the data.




Settlement date


Maturity date


Percent coupon




Redemption value


Frequency is semiannual (see above)


30/360 basis (see above)


Description (Result)



The yield, for the bond with the terms above (0.065 or 6.5%)


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Microsoft Corporation 2012 Annual Report


As of June 30, 2012, the total carrying value and estimated fair value of our long-term debt, including the current portion, were $11.9 billion and $13.2 billion, respectively. This is compared to a carrying value and estimated fair value of $11.9 billion and $12.1 billion, respectively, as of June 30, 2011. These estimated fair values are based on Level 2 inputs.

The components of our long-term debt, including the current portion, and the associated interest rates and semi-annual interest record and payment dates were as follows as of June 30, 2012 and 2011:

Due DateFace Value Stated
Record Date
Pay Date
Record Date
Pay Date
 (In millions)            
September 27, 2013$   1,000 0.875% 1.000% March 15 March 27 September 15 September 27
June 1, 20142,000 2.950% 3.049% May 15 June 1 November 15 December 1
September 25, 20151,750 1.625% 1.795% March 15 March 25 September 15 September 25
February 8, 2016750 2.500% 2.642% February 1 February 8 August 1 August 8
June 1, 20191,000 4.200% 4.379% May 15 June 1 November 15 December 1
October 1, 20201,000 3.000% 3.137% March 15 April 1 September 15 October 1
February 8, 2021500 4.000% 4.082% February 1 February 8 August 1 August 8
June 1, 2039750 5.200% 5.240% May 15 June 1 November 15 December 1
October 1, 20401,000 4.500% 4.567% March 15 April 1 September 15 October 1
February 8, 20411,000 5.300% 5.361% February 1 February 8 August 1 August 8
Convertible Debt             
June 15, 20131,250 0.000% 1.849%        
Total$ 12,000            

As of June 30, 2012 and 2011, the aggregate unamortized discount for our long-term debt, including the current portion, was $56 million and $79 million, respectively.


The Notes are senior unsecured obligations and rank equally with our other unsecured and unsubordinated debt outstanding.

Convertible Debt

In June 2010, we issued $1.25 billion of zero coupon convertible unsecured debt due on June 15, 2013 in a private placement offering. Proceeds from the offering were $1.24 billion, net of fees and expenses, which were capitalized. Initially, each $1,000 principal amount of notes was convertible into 29.94 shares of Microsoft common stock at a conversion price of $33.40 per share. The conversion ratio is adjusted periodically for dividends in excess of the initial dividend threshold as defined in the debt agreement. As of June 30, 2012, the net carrying amount of our convertible debt was $1.2 billion and the unamortized discount was $19 million.

Prior to March 15, 2013, the notes will be convertible, only in certain circumstances, into cash and, if applicable, cash, shares of Microsoft's common stock, or a combination thereof, at our election. On or after March 15, 2013, the notes will be convertible at any time. Upon conversion, we will pay cash up to the aggregate principal amount of the notes and pay or deliver cash, shares of our common stock, or a combination of cash and shares of our common stock, at our election.

Because the convertible debt may be wholly or partially settled in cash, we are required to separately account for the liability and equity components of the notes in a manner that reflects our nonconvertible debt borrowing rate when interest costs are recognized in subsequent periods. The net proceeds of $1.24 billion were allocated between debt for $1.18 billion and stockholders' equity for $58 million with the portion in stockholders' equity representing the fair value of the option to convert the debt.

In connection with the issuance of the notes, we entered into capped call transactions with certain option counterparties who are initial purchasers of the notes or their affiliates. The capped call transactions are expected to reduce potential dilution of earnings per share upon conversion of the notes. Under the capped call transactions, we purchased from the option counterparties capped call options that in the aggregate relate to the total number of shares of our common stock underlying the notes, with a strike price equal to the conversion price of the notes and with an initial cap price equal to $37.16, which is adjusted periodically to mirror any adjustments to the conversion price. The purchased capped calls were valued at $40 million and recorded to stockholders' equity.

Debt Service

Maturities of our long-term debt for each of the next five years and thereafter are as follows:

(In millions) 
Year Ending June 30, 
2013$   1,250
Total$ 12,000

Cash paid for interest on our debt for fiscal years 2012, 2011, and 2010 was $344 million, $197 million, and $145 million, respectively.

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Bonds 2020 microsoft

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