End of dragonball

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Dragon Ball Z: 5 Reasons Why The Ending was Disappointing (& 5 Things It Got Right)

There have been over 20 years since Dragon Ball Zhad it's ending, giving everyone ample time to decide if it was good or not. For the most part, it hit the right notes, even if two different new incarnations of theDragon Ballseries have come along since then. It still put everyone in pretty good shape heading into what would, unfortunately, be Dragon Ball GT.

RELATED: Dragon Ball: 5 Things GT Did Better Than Super (& 5 Things Super Did Better)

The fact GT followed it so soon after, gives the ending a little bit of a stench, especially with how poorly received that first arc was (bad even by GT standards). Thankfully GT isn't canon and thanks to Super, it washes away a good chunk of that horribleness, letting you focus more on the positives.

10 Disappointing: Gohan Retiring

Anyone who's a fan of Gohan has never been very happy about how much his character seemed to devolve. He went from being the new main character to being shoved to the sidelines as a noncombatant. While him preferring peace to fighting others made sense, you'd think that after all these years he'd understand that sometimes violence was needed. It's made even worse with how he's portrayed in both GT and the first half of Super. It felt like he'd just reverted to the beginning of the storyline he had at Z.

9 Got Right: Birth Of Bulla

This part is hard to gauge as her birth both happens at the end of the Dragon Ball Z as well as during Super. Either way, her birth is always going to be positive due to the effect it has on Vegeta. Super goes into more detail with this than Z did, but in either case, Vegeta settles down into being more of a family man while Goku is still running all over the planet to train, without a care in the world. Her birth has always kind of been the cherry on top of Vegeta's redemption arc.

8 Disappointing: Pan Stronger Than Goten & Trunks

This is especially disappointing, borderline sinful when you consider all of their roles in GT (as non canon as it is). Goten ended up being a nobody while Trunks is most memorable for wearing those god awful shorts.

RELATED: Dragon Ball GT: Every Shadow Dragon, Ranked From Worst To Best Designs

Pan on the other hand was the main character (alongside Goku), one that annoyed to levels Bulma and Chi-Chi combined could never reach. She was as aggravating as Maron was, except she didn't disappear after an arc and was there the whole time. Just seeing her image conjures up memories of some of the worst parts of GT.

7 Got Right: Goku Becoming A Mentor

Goku becoming a master to a young apprentice has always been a logical step for the character. For someone who loves fighting as much as he does, it makes sense for him to carry out the latter part of his career mentoring an up and comer (or his child). The ending gives us that as he takes the reincarnated version of Kid Buu under his wing, seeing great potential in Uub. The fact he bids farewell to everyone before he just flies off in the shows closing moments is totally in character for him as well.

6 Disappointing: Uub

This one shouldn't be a strike against the ending as they did a good job of setting him up as a future powerful ally. The issue is that GT only seemed to care about him during the Baby arc, and Super has yet to even have him in the anime. Succeeding shows are always going to have an impact on an ending, and this is a clear case of that. Uub was built up to potentially be a very strong fighter but falls to the sidelines to prop Goku up, as far too many characters in this series do.

5 Got Right: Martial Arts Tournament

Ending on a martial arts tournament is always going to be the right decision when it comes to Dragon Ball. It's been such a staple of the series for so long that it feels wrong to end on anything else. Tournaments are always super fun to watch, no matter how high the stakes are. The universal tournament was arguably the best in Super, and some of the best moments in the original Dragon Ball happened there as well. It's just synonymous with the series.

4 Disappointing: Led To GT

As noncanon as it is, anime wise, the ending helps set up certain things in GT, like Pan's strength and Gohan being a scholar, etc. Most fans would agree this isn't a good thing as the only positives from GT is Super Saiyan 4 and the black dragons. The entire series was misstep after misstep, never really recovering after the poor start to the series when they tried to go back to Dragon Balls roots. Super thankfully does a far better job while keeping most of the story aspects from the ending intact.

3 Got Right: Spirit Bomb Working

This is the biggest net positive to the end up Dragon Ball Z. The Spirit Bomb has routinely taken close to a year and a half to charge, only for it to not even kill its opponent, most notably with Frieza. Thankfully, Kid Buu succumbs to the move in a poetic ending to their fight. You get to see cameos from plenty of characters that were thought to be forgotten, all lending their energy to help Goku do away with one of the more pure evil villains in the series.

2 Disappointing: Goku Just Leaving His Family Behind

This makes sense character-wise, but it doesn't make it any less disappointing that Goku would just up and leave his family due to martial arts. His insistence to put fighting above all else has always been an aggravating trait of Goku's, which at times makes him an awful main protagonist. His mentoring Uub is perfectly fine, but why does he have to leave to do that? Why can't he be both a dad and a master at the same time?

1 Got Right: Kid Buu

The Majin Buu arc had its ups and downs, but things picked up once he became his original form, Kid Buu. While he won't ever be confused with a great villain such as Frieza, he was exactly what the series needed to end on. He was a villain that was destruction incarnate, no witty remarks, nor overbearing smugness. Kid Buu only wanted to destroy, nothing more or less. It let the focus be more on Vegeta and Goku rather than him. His mindlessness was a welcome change from the usual Dragon Ball villains.

NEXT: The 10 Best Martial Arts Manga (According To Myanimelist)


Next5 Anime Characters Who Would Survive Squid Game (& 5 Who Won't)

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Dragon Ball Super's Ending, Explained

The latest anime series in the Dragon Ball franchise leaves its characters in interesting places, with the promise of new adventures (of course).

WARNING: The following contains spoilers for Episode 131 of Dragon Ball Super, "A Miraculous Conclusion! Farewell, Goku! Until We Meet Again!" which debuted Saturday on Adult Swim.

The latest anime series in Akira Toriyama's popular Dragon Ball franchise, Dragon Ball Super has come to an end, leaving longtime protagonist Goku and his friends and family in an interesting place. And, as its climactic martial-arts competition, the Tournament of Power, has similarly concluded, with a surprise champion emerging from the greatest fighters of the Dragon Ball Multiverse.

The winner, Universe 7's Android 17, uses his wish from the Super Dragon Balls to restore the Multiverse, which had been steadily erased with the elimination of each universe's team from the competition. The omnipotent Grand Zeno and his alternate-future timeline counterpart reveal they predicted a selfless competitor would prevail and restore the realities they annihilated. Had the champion used the Super Dragon Balls selfishly -- as Frieza and Jiren planned, should either emerge victorious -- the Omni-King would have deemed all of existence unworthy, and erased it.

RELATED: Dragon Ball: Judge Tosses Vic Mignona's Final Claims Against Funimation

With all of the fighters returned to their respective, restored realities, the possibility of epic rematches looms. Earlier in the series, Goku and Vegeta met Saiyan warriors from Universe 6, with whom they formed a sort of kinship through their shared race. Vegeta took on the young Saiyan Cabba as an impromptu protege, while the female warriors Kale and Caulifa were impressed by Goku's combat prowess and strength after fighting him separately and in their fused persona Kefla. The Saiyans vow to grow even stronger for an inevitable rematch, a sentiment shared by Universe 11's Jiren.

The Pride Trooper quickly established himself as the most powerful warrior in the Tournament of Power after eschewing friendships as he grew up to focus entirely on self-improvement and combat mastery. Constantly surprised by Goku and Vegeta's persistence, in the face of his overwhelming strength, Jiren was shocked when his teammates didn't blame him for their obliteration following his defeat by the combined efforts of Goku, Frieza and Android 17. They instead extended a renewed offer of friendship. Realizing Goku and Vegeta were fueled by their love of family and friends, Jiren accepts this time, and vows to face off against Goku once again, this time a friendly rematch after he returns to his home planet.

RELATED: Dragon Ball Super Reveals Jiren at His Most Villainous

Back in Universe 7, Frieza is restored to life by Whis for his vital role in securing the team's victory across the tournament, despite secretly scheming to use the Super Dragon Balls to conquer the universe, should he gain access to them. Although Goku promises to put down the despot, should he ever cause trouble, Frieza is seen taking control of his interstellar empire once more, plotting to extend his rule from the far reaches of space, likely making his truce with Goku and the Z Fighters only temporary. While the gathered Z Fighters celebrate their momentous victory, Gohan and Pan's toddler Pan already shows signs of her mixed Saiyan heritage by accidentally flying into Vegeta, giving the Saiyan Prince and Goku the opportunity to face off for a quick sparring match where they first fought as mortal enemies years earlier.

Assuming the same fighting stances as they did in their initial confrontation, Goku reveals he has been unable to regain Autonomous Ultra Instinct since his fight against Jiren, while Vegeta vows to surpass his old rival once again and achieve even greater levels of power.

While there are plenty of places for the long-running franchise to potentially explore next, the sight of the two frenemies squaring off is a nod to anime property's extensive history, with a tease for new adventures featuring Goku and the Z Fighters.

KEEP READING: Dragon Ball Super: A Surprising Hero Returns to the Battle


How the Forgotten Legend of Super Saiyan 5 'Goku' Broke the Hearts of Dragon Ball Fans

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This article is about the eighth part of the Buu Saga based on production. For the whole saga, see Buu Saga. For the series that chronologically takes place in between the events of this saga, see Dragon Ball Super.

Peaceful World Saga


42 (26)
1 (Nekomajin)

Manga chapters

517-519 (323-325)
4-8 (Nekomajin)

Anime episodes

Kai 158-159
Z Kai 166-167

Year(s) released

1995 (manga)
1996 (anime)
2001-2005 (Nekomajin)

The Peaceful World Saga[1], also known as the End of 'Z' Saga, is the epilogue saga of Dragon Ball Z, taking place ten years after the end of the Kid Buu Saga. It is usually treated as part of the Majin Buu Saga,[2] but was marked as a saga in its own right as part of Dragon Ball SSSS' 30th Anniversary Timeline.[3] In Japan, it aired in January 1996 and it aired in the United States in April 2003.


Party Time

Six months after the defeat of Kid Buu, Chi-Chi, Gohan and Goten prepare to go to Bulma's house for a barbecue party to celebrate Kid Buu's defeat, but Goku is nowhere to be found. As Chi-Chi's anger rises, Goku is having troubles of his own. While waiting to witness the hatching of four pterosaur eggs, troubles arise, casting him into the role of egg protector.

Once at the party, everybody begins to show up, including Dende, Mr. Satan and Good Buu. Everyone seems to be enjoying the food, music and each other's company until Goku is mentioned. Right then, the party comes to a halt, and everyone's face is downcast. Meanwhile, Goku braves many dangers and keeps the pterosaur eggs safe until they hatch.

Goku remembers the party right afterward, and he gets there just as the party is coming to an end. While initially angry at Goku, Chi-Chi and Bulma get all the food and party supplies back out, because they feel Goku should get to participate in the party as well. At the end of the episode, everyone is sitting, listening to Goku tell about the eggs and how great it was to see the new baby pterosaur be born.

A New Beginning for Goku

Ten years after the defeat of Kid Buu, many of the Z-Fighters have experienced changes in their lives. Bulma and Vegeta have welcomed a daughter, Bulla, to their family, Goten and Trunks have grown into strong teenagers and Gohan has retired from fighting to become a scholar. He is also married to Videl and they now have a daughter named Pan, who idolizes her grandfather and wishes to be a hero like him. At the 28th World Martial Arts Tournament, the Z-Fighters meet a ten-year-old boy called Uub. This boy is the reincarnation of Kid Buu, born from the wish Goku made before killing Kid Buu. Goku asks Good Buu to change the numbers so that he will be matched with Uub. Goku and Uub begin to fight and it is clear that Uub has great potential. As they fight, Goku mocks Uub several times to see his true potential, which works. Goku cuts the match short by suggesting he train Uub. Goku asks Uub if, after he is trained, they can have a rematch.

Uub agrees and Goku feels excited by the chance to become even stronger. Before leaving once again, Goku bids farewell to his family and friends, and tells Vegeta that he looks forward to another fight. Although the tournament is technically cancelled because Goku and Uub did not finish their match, Trunks, Goten and Pan spar, with Pan defeating Goten, and Trunks holding her arm up in victory. The series ends with Goku flying with Uub to his village, in the hopes that Goku will be able to train him so that Uub will someday become Earth's new protector.

Anime and Manga Differences

  • Bulma holding a barbeque party at Capsule Corporation and Goku being late due to watching over the birth of several Pterosaur is exclusive to the anime.
  • Unlike the manga, the anime shows Goku sparring with Goten briefly before Bulma and Vegeta come up to them.
  • Goku and Pan having some fun whilst at the World Martial Arts Tournament, such as getting ice cream and winning a stuffed bear, is exclusive to the anime.
  • In the manga, the fight between Goku and Uub was very brief and only four pages long. In the anime, it is extended for most of the episode.
  • In the manga, Goku says goodbye to his family and friends and then promptly leaves. In the anime, he first hugs Pan and tells her he will visit her, tells Goten and Trunks to train hard and apologizes to Vegeta for not being able to fight him, though he is forgiven as they'd need a planet for their battle.
  • In the manga, Pan never fights Goten.


Battles Featured

  • Goku vs. Snake (anime only)
  • T-Rex vs. Triceratops (anime only)
  • Goku vs. Goten (training)
  • Pan vs. Wild Tiger
  • Goku vs. Uub
  • Pan vs. Goten (anime only)


Funimation VHS/DVD Volumes

  • Kid Buu Saga - A New Beginning (273-276)

Funimation Remastered DVD Sets

Funimation Dragon Box Sets

Funimation Season Blu-ray Sets

Funimation DBZ Kai: The Final Chapters DVD/Blu-ray Volumes

  • Dragon Ball Z Kai: The Final Chapters Part Three (145-167) (only episodes 166-167 are part of the Peaceful World Saga)
84 Kid Buu - The Price of Victory

The Price of Victory

85 Kid Buu - A New Beginning

A New Beginning

DBZ Season 9 Cover

Remastered Box Set Season Nine DVD


Remastered Box Set Season Nine Blu Ray

Dragon-ball-z-kai-the-final-chapters-part-three-dvd 1

Dragon Ball Z Kai: The Final Chapters Part Three


Dragon Box Vol 7

Manga Chapters

Episode List

Dragon Ball Z (4 episodes)

Dragon Ball Z Kai (2 episodes)


The events of the final section of Nekomajin occur following the final chapter of the Dragon Ball manga.

Manga Chapters

Video Game Appearances

The events of this saga are covered in the following video games:


  • Only the first episode ("He's Always Late") of this saga takes place before Dragon Ball Super, as it takes place sometime later in Age 774, then there's a time skip to Age 784.
  • The dialogue where Chi-Chi argues with Bulma is changed a lot in the North American dub. In the Japanese version, Yamcha reinforces Chi-Chi's comment that she is very pretty today and she says "that makes it sound like I'm usually not pretty, doesn't it?", causing everyone to laugh. In the Funimation dub, Yamcha asks Chi-Chi and Bulma if they are interested in him and Chi-Chi quips that she does not want a downgrade, making everyone laugh at Yamcha. Also, Chi-Chi's comment that she would like Vegeta as a husband is unique to the North American dub.
  • At only four episodes long, this is the shortest saga in the entire Dragon Ball franchise.



Goku battles Uub


Goku's arm throbbing after Uub kicks it

Goku's Next Journey - Goku trolls

Goku taunts Uub

DragonballZ-Episode291 121

Goku hits Uub with a double axe handle

Goku's Next Journey - Uub DAH

Uub hits Goku with a double axe handle


Uub uses a Kiai


Uub's Kiai hits Goku

DragonballZ-Episode291 10

Goku happy

Screenshot 2014-05-13 16.38.22 (1024x614)

Mr. Buu, Mr. Satan, and Bee all sitting together


Goten and Pan fight

Screenshot 2014-05-13 16.31.15 (800x480)

The remaining members of the current "Z" cast cheering Goten and Pan on


Gohan, and Videl try to comfort Chi-Chi after Goku's departure

Screenshot 2014-05-13 16.31.20 (800x480)

Master Roshi looking at some barely dressed women through a pair of binoculars

Screenshot 2014-05-13 16.31.22 (1024x614)

Roshi with a bleeding nose while watching the women through his binoculars

Screenshot 2014-05-13 16.31.24 (800x480)

Pan slapping Goten on the face

Screenshot 2014-05-13 16.31.28 (1024x614)

Trunks holding Pans hand up to signify that she is the victor

Screenshot 2014-05-13 16.31.44 (800x480)

Vegeta looking up into the sky smiling


Goku with Uub on his back, flying off to Uub's village

Sours: https://dragonball.fandom.com/wiki/Peaceful_World_Saga
Dragon Ball Ending Theme with subtitles (Japanese/French)

"This is the first job you've completed as a couple. Judging by its success, you should be very happy together."
— Grandpa Gohan congratulating Goku and Chi-Chi.

The End, The Beginning


Japanese Name

えるフライパン! の

Romaji name

Moeru Furaipan Yama! Isshun no Kesshikō

Literal Name

Mount Frypan Burns! An Instant Do-or-Die Journey


Dragon Ball

Japanese airdate

April 19, 1989

English airdate

December 1, 2003

"The End, The Beginning" (えるフライパン! の,Moeru Furaipan Yama! Isshun no Kesshikō, lit. "Mount Frypan Burns! An Instant Do-or-Die Journey") is the thirty-first episode of the Piccolo Jr. Saga and the one hundred fifty-third episode, as well as the series finale of the Dragon Ball series. This episode first aired in Japan on April 19, 1989. Its original American airdate was December 1, 2003.


Gohan and Annin would not let Goku turn off the furnace, for the simple reason that spirits would not have access to their afterlife or be able to ever return. Evil spirits would also be trapped and will destroy the Earth.

Suddenly, Annin starts fighting Goku and is no match for him. She grows to a giant and continues fighting Goku as the fire surrounds the Ox-King, who is trapped in the castle on Fire Mountain. He does not seem to have much time left.

The feathers on Annin's head are like swords and she tries to stab Goku and step on him and blow him into a wall. Annin formulates a plan to fix the furnace after seeing that Goku has the Bansho Fan. They need the shell fragments from a fire eater and the honey from special bees. Luckily, Chi-Chi has both vital requirements on her. With aid of the Bansho Fan and Annin lifting the pot, Goku descends into the furnace and manages to seal the hole, barely making it out alive, and he and Chi-Chi embrace. The flames at the castle have died down and the Ox-King has survived and kept the wedding dress intact. Goku and Chi-Chi proceed with their wedding and finally get married. Chi-Chi is shown hugging Goku, who is at first uncomfortable with it, but then is shown laughing with Chi-Chi.

Major Events

  • Goku manages to put out the fire surrounding the Ox-King's Castle.
  • Goku and Chi-Chi get married.


  • Goku vs. Annin (Base/Giant)





Differences from the Manga

  • The entire events of this episode were exclusive to the anime.


  • This episode marks the final appearance of the Goku and Master Roshieyecatchers, and Goku and Roshi are making noises and laughing for the first time. It also marks the final appearance of the red Turtle School Uniform (with the turtle (亀) kanji in a yellow circle), as well as the final appearance of the teen versions of Goku and Chi-Chi (apart from flashbacks and the Dragon Ball Z ending "Detekoi Tobikiri Zenkai Power!").
  • In the English dubbed version, the episode ends with the narrator saying "For the continued adventures of Goku and his friends, be sure to watch Dragon Ball Z!" In the Japanese version, he says "The next story begins five years from now!"
  • The final character seen on screen here (and as such, the final character seen on screen in the original Dragon Ball anime) is Fortuneteller Baba.
  • This is the last episode Goku is seen using his Power Pole (not including the movies).
  • This is also the last episode in the Blue Water dub where Jeffrey Watson and Carol-Anne Day voice Goku and Chi-Chi respectively. For the Blue Water English dub of Dragon Ball GT, Jeremiah Yurk voices Goku as both an adult and in his Super Saiyan 4 form and Zoe Slusar reprised her role as Goku in his child form and Debbie Munro voices Chi-Chi as an adult.
  • Fortuneteller Baba breaks the fourth wall, as when Narrator questions what the future will bring for Goku and Chi-Chi, Baba says "The future you say?" and looks into the future. She then obstructs the viewer's view from seeing the future.
  • The original Japanese broadcast ended with a preview for the first episode of Dragon Ball Z, followed by the end credits. This clip was not included on the Dragon Boxes; thus, the episode simply concludes with the end credits.
  • It is very weird when Goku doesn't invite his friends (Bulma, Yamcha, Krillin, Master Roshi, Launch, Tien, Chiaotzu, Oolong, Puar, Yajirobe, Korin, Kami, Popo) to attend his wedding. It's possible that his friends were still on the plane home from, or resting after, the tournament. As for Korin and Popo, they may be duty bound and unable to leave their respective areas.



Goku and Chi-Chi


Goku flying in the furnace


Goku in the furnace


Goku using his Power Pole




The Ox-King at the wedding

Chichi Wedding.

Chi-Chi wearing her mother's wedding dress


Goku and Chi-Chi getting married

Site Navigation

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Dragonball end of

Dragon Ball

Japanese media franchise created by Akira Toriyama

This article is about the media franchise in general. For other uses, see Dragon Ball (disambiguation).

Dragon Ball (Japanese: ドラゴンボール, Hepburn: Doragon Bōru) is a Japanese media franchise created by Akira Toriyama in 1984. The initial manga, written and illustrated by Toriyama, was serialized in Weekly Shōnen Jump from 1984 to 1995, with the 519 individual chapters collected into 42 tankōbon volumes by its publisher Shueisha. Dragon Ball was originally inspired by the classical 16th-century Chinese novel Journey to the West, combined with elements of Hong Kong martial arts films. The series follows the adventures of protagonist Son Goku from his childhood through adulthood as he trains in martial arts. He spends his childhood far from civilization until he meets a teen girl named Bulma, who encourages him to join her quest in exploring the world in search of the seven orbs known as the Dragon Balls, which summon a wish-granting dragon when gathered. Along his journey, Goku makes several other friends, becomes a family man, discovers his alien heritage, and battles a wide variety of villains, many of whom also seek the Dragon Balls.

Toriyama's manga was adapted and divided into two anime series produced by Toei Animation: Dragon Ball and Dragon Ball Z, which together were broadcast in Japan from 1986 to 1996. Additionally, the studio has developed 20 animated feature films and three television specials, as well as two anime sequel series titled Dragon Ball GT (1996–1997) and Dragon Ball Super (2015–2018). From 2009 to 2015, a revised version of Dragon Ball Z aired in Japan under the title Dragon Ball Kai, as a recut that follows the manga's story more faithfully by removing most of the material featured exclusively in the anime. Several companies have developed various types of merchandising based on the series leading to a large media franchise that includes films, both animated and live-action, collectible trading card games, numerous action figures, along with several collections of soundtracks and numerous video games. Dragon Ball has become one of the highest-grossing media franchises of all time.

Since its release, Dragon Ball has become one of the most successful manga and anime series of all time, with the manga sold in over 40 countries and the anime broadcast in more than 80 countries. The manga's 42 collected tankōbon volumes have sold over 160 million copies in Japan, and are estimated to have sold more than 250–300 million copies worldwide, making it two best-selling manga series in history. Reviewers have praised the art, characterization, and humour of the story. It is widely regarded as one of the greatest and most influential manga series ever made, with many manga artists citing Dragon Ball as a source of inspiration for their own now-popular works. The anime, particularly Dragon Ball Z, is also highly popular across the world and is considered one of the most influential in boosting the popularity of Japanese animation in Western culture. It has had a considerable impact on global popular culture, referenced by and inspiring numerous artists, athletes, celebrities, filmmakers, musicians and writers across the world.


See also: List of Dragon Ball characters

Earth, known as the Dragon World (ドラゴンワールド) and designated as "Planet 4032-877" by the celestial hierarchy, is the main setting for the entire Dragon Ball series, as well as related media such as Dr. Slump, Nekomajin, and Jaco the Galactic Patrolman. It is mainly inhabited by Earthlings (地球人, Chikyūjin), a term used inclusively to refer to all of the intelligent races native to the planet, including humans, anthropomorphic beings, and monsters. Starting from the Dragon Ball Z series, various extraterrestrial species such as the Saiyans (サイヤ人, Saiya-jin) and Namekians (ナメック星人, Namekku-seijin) have played a more prominent role in franchise media.

The narrative of Dragon Ball predominantly follows the adventures of Goku; upon meeting Bulma at the beginning of the series, the two then embark on an adventure to gather the seven Dragon Balls.[ch. 1] Goku later receives martial arts training from Master Roshi, meets his lifelong friend Krillin, and enters the World Martial Arts Tournament to fight the strongest warriors on the planet. When the evil King Piccolo, and later his offspring Piccolo, tries to conquer the planet, Goku receives training from Earth's deities to defeat them. Goku later sacrifices his life to save the planet from his estranged brother Raditz,[ch. 205] but later trains in the afterlife under the tutelage of King Kai, to save it from the other incoming Saiyans Nappa and Vegeta. He later becomes a Super Saiyan and defeats the powerful tyrant Frieza. This sets the tone of the rest of the series, with each enemy the characters face becoming stronger than the last, requiring them to attain further training.

Dragon Ball Super establishes that the franchise is set in a multiverse[1] composed of twelve[N 1] numbered universes, each ruled by a number of benevolent and malevolent deities, respectively called Supreme Kais and Gods of Destruction who are appointed by a higher being called the Grand Zeno, who watches over the multiverse along with the Grand Priest, the father of all the Angels. Almost all of the Dragon Ball series, except for parts of Dragon Ball Super, takes place in Universe 7. Years in the timeline are called "Ages", with most of the story occurring between Age 749 and Age 790. Universe 7 contains several planets, including a fictionalized Earth, where humans reside, and Planet Vegeta, the home world of the Saiyans, a powerful and destructive race. Many other races also inhabit Universe 7, including Angels, Demons, Androids, Tuffles and Namekians. Humans are among the weakest races in the universe. The protagonist Goku is raised as a human on Earth but finds out that he is actually a Saiyan from Planet Vegeta.


See also: List of Dragon Ball characters and Dragon Ball (manga) § Production

Akira Toriyama was a fan of Hong Kong martial arts films, particularly Bruce Lee films such as Enter the Dragon (1973) and Jackie Chan films such as Drunken Master (1978), and wanted to create a manga inspired by martial arts films.[2][3][4] This led to Toriyama creating the 1983 one-shot manga Dragon Boy, which he later redeveloped into Dragon Ball.[5] Toriyama loosely modeled the plot and characters of Dragon Ball on the classic Chinese novelJourney to the West,[6][5] with Goku being Sun Wukong ("Son Goku" in Japanese), Bulma as Tang Sanzang, Oolong as Zhu Bajie, and Yamcha being Sha Wujing.[7] Toriyama wanted to create a story with the basic theme of Journey to the West, but with "a little kung fu"[8] by combining the novel with elements from the kung fu films of Jackie Chan and Bruce Lee.[9] The title Dragon Ball was inspired by Enter the Dragon and later Bruceploitation knockoff kung fu films which frequently had the word "Dragon" in the title,[2] and the fighting scenes were influenced by Jackie Chan movies.[10][7] Since it was serialized in a shōnenmanga magazine, he added the idea of the Dragon Balls to give it a game-like activity of gathering something, without thinking of what the characters would wish for.[8] His concept of the Dragon Balls was inspired by the epic Japanese novelNansō Satomi Hakkenden (1814–1842), which involves the heroes collecting eight Buddhistprayer beads, which Toriyama adapted into collecting seven Dragon Balls.[11][12]

He originally thought it would last about a year or end once the Dragon Balls were collected.[13] Toriyama stated that although the stories are purposefully easy to understand, he specifically aimed Dragon Ball at readers older than those of his previous serial Dr. Slump.[14] He also wanted to break from the Western influences common in Dr. Slump, deliberately going for Chinese scenery, referencing Chinese buildings and photographs of China his wife had bought.[15] Toriyama wanted to set Dragon Ball in a fictional world largely based on Asia, taking inspiration from several Asian cultures including Japanese, Chinese, South Asian, Central Asian, Arabic and Indonesian cultures.[16] The island where the Tenkaichi Budōkai (天下一武道会, lit. "Strongest Under the Heavens Martial Arts Tournament") is held is modeled after Bali (in Indonesia), which he, his wife and assistant visited in mid-1985, and for the area around Bobbidi's spaceship he consulted photos of Africa.[15] Toriyama was also inspired by the jinn (genies) from The Arabian Nights.[17]

The Earth of Dragon Ball, as published in Daizenshuu 4: World Guide

During the early chapters of the manga, Toriyama's editor, Kazuhiko Torishima, commented that Goku looked rather plain, so to combat this he added several characters like Kame-Sen'nin and Kuririn, and created the Tenkaichi Budōkai martial arts tournament to focus the storyline on fighting. It was when the first Tenkaichi Budōkai began that Dragon Ball truly became popular, having recalled the races and tournaments in Dr. Slump.[7] Anticipating that readers would expect Goku to win the tournaments, Toriyama had him lose the first two while planning an eventual victory. This allowed for more character growth as the manga progressed. He said that Muscle Tower in the Red Ribbon Army storyline was inspired by the video game Spartan X (called Kung-Fu Master in the West), in which enemies appear very fast as the player ascends a tower (the game was in turn inspired by Jackie Chan's Wheels on Meals and Bruce Lee's Game of Death). He then created Piccolo Daimao as a truly evil villain, and as a result called that arc the most interesting to draw.[7]

Once Goku and company had become the strongest on Earth, they turned to extraterrestrial opponents including the Saiyans (サイヤ人, Saiya-jin); and Goku himself was retconned from an Earthling to a Saiyan who was sent to Earth as a baby.[18]Freeza, who forcibly took over planets to resell them, was created around the time of the Japanese economic bubble and was inspired by real estatespeculators, whom Toriyama called the "worst kind of people."[7] Finding the escalating enemies difficult, he created the Ginyu Force to add more balance to the series. When Toriyama created the Super Saiyan (サイヤ人, Sūpā Saiya-jin) transformation during the Freeza arc, he was initially concerned that Goku's facial expressions as a Super Saiyan made him look like a villain, but decided it was acceptable since the transformation was brought about by anger.[19] Goku's Super Saiyan form has blonde hair because it was easier to draw for Toriyama's assistant (who spent a lot of time blacking in Goku's hair), and has piercing eyes based on Bruce Lee's paralyzing glare.[20]Dragon Ball Z anime character designer Tadayoshi Yamamuro also used Bruce Lee as a reference for Goku's Super Saiyan form, stating that, when he "first becomes a Super Saiyan, his slanting pose with that scowling look in his eyes is all Bruce Lee."[21] Toriyama later added time travel during the Cell arc, but said he had a hard time with it, only thinking of what to do that week and having to discuss it with his second editor Yu Kondo.[7] After Cell's death, Toriyama intended for Gohan to replace Goku as the series' protagonist, but later felt the character was not suited for the role and changed his mind.[7]

Going against the normal convention that the strongest characters should be the largest in terms of physical size, he designed many of Dragon Ball's most powerful characters with small statures, including the protagonist, Goku.[22] Toriyama later explained that he had Goku grow up as a means to make drawing fight scenes easier, even though his first editor Kazuhiko Torishima was initially against it because it was rare to have the main character of a manga series change drastically.[23] When including fights in the manga, Toriyama had the characters go to uninhabited locations to avoid difficulties in drawing residents and destroyed buildings.[15] Toriyama said that he did not plan the details of the story, resulting in strange occurrences and discrepancies later in the series, including changing the colors of the characters mid-story and few characters having screentone because he found it difficult to use.[10][8][13][24] Since the completion of Dragon Ball, Toriyama has continued to add to its story, mostly background information on its universe, through guidebooks published by Shueisha.

During the second half of the series, Toriyama has said that he had become more interested in coming up with the story than actually drawing it, and that the battles became more intense with him simplifying the lines.[10] In 2013, he stated that because Dragon Ball is an action manga the most important aspect is the sense of speed, so he did not draw very elaborate, going so far as to suggest one could say that he was not interested in the art.[23] He also once said that his goal for the series was to tell an "unconventional and contradictory" story.[22] In 2013, commenting on Dragon Ball's global success, Toriyama said, "Frankly, I don't quite understand why it happened. While the manga was being serialized, the only thing I wanted as I kept drawing was to make Japanese boys happy.", "The role of my manga is to be a work of entertainment through and through. I dare say I don't care even if [my works] have left nothing behind, as long as they have entertained their readers."[25]


Main article: Dragon Ball (manga)

Dragon Balldebuted in Weekly Shōnen JumpNo. 51, on December 3, 1984 which is also considered to be highly sought after among fans and collectors.

Written and illustrated by Akira Toriyama, Dragon Ball was serialized in the manga anthology Weekly Shōnen Jump from December 3, 1984 to June 5, 1995,[26][27] when Toriyama grew exhausted and felt he needed a break from drawing. The 519 individual chapters were published into 42 tankōbon volumes by Shueisha from September 10, 1985 through August 4, 1995.[28][29][30] Between December 4, 2002 and April 2, 2004, the chapters were re-released in a collection of 34 kanzenban volumes, which included a slightly rewritten ending, new covers, and color artwork from its Weekly Shōnen Jump run.[31][32] The February 2013 issue of V Jump, which was released in December 2012, announced that parts of the manga will be fully colored and re-released in 2013.[33] Twenty volumes, beginning from chapter 195 and grouped by story arcs, were released between February 4, 2013 and July 4, 2014.[34][35] Twelve volumes covering the first 194 chapters were published between January 4 and March 4, 2016.[36][37] A sōshūhen edition that aims to recreate the manga as it was originally serialized in Weekly Shōnen Jump with color pages, promotional text, and next chapter previews, was published in eighteen volumes between May 13, 2016 and January 13, 2017.[38][39]


Another manga penned by Ōishi, the three-chapter Dragon Ball: Episode of Bardock that revolves around Bardock, Goku's father, was published in the monthly magazine V Jump from August and October 2011.[40]

The final chapter of Toriyama's 2013 manga series Jaco the Galactic Patrolman revealed that it is set before Dragon Ball, with several characters making appearances.[41]Jaco's collected volumes contain a bonus Dragon Ball chapter depicting Goku's mother.[42]

In December 2016, a spin-off manga titled Dragon Ball Side Story: The Case of Being Reincarnated as Yamcha began in Shueisha's Shōnen Jump+ digital magazine. Written and illustrated by Dragon Garow Lee, it is about a high school boy who after an accident wakes up in the body of Yamcha in the Dragon Ball manga.[43]


Toriyama also created a short series, Neko Majin (1999–2005), that became a self-parody of Dragon Ball.[44] In 2006, a crossover between Kochira Katsushika-ku Kameari Kōen-mae Hashutsujo (or Kochikame) and Dragon Ball by Toriyama and Kochikame author Osamu Akimoto appeared in the Super Kochikame (超こち亀, Chō Kochikame) manga.[45] That same year, Toriyama teamed up with Eiichiro Oda to create a crossover chapter of Dragon Ball and One Piece titled Cross Epoch.[46]


Market(s) Publisher Volume sales As of Ref
Overseas (15 countries)119,603,554+[d]
FranceGlénat Editions30,000,0002017[49][50][51][52]
South KoreaSeoul Cultural Publishers20,000,000+[c]2009[54]
SpainPlaneta deAgostini20,000,0002013[55]
ItalyStar Comics12,000,000+2017[56][57][58]
ChinaChina Children's Press & Publication Group10,000,000+[b]2013[60][61]
GermanyCarlsen Verlag8,000,000+2015[62][63][64]
Hong KongCulturecom7,560,0002004[65]
BrazilConrad Editora6,000,0002002[66]
United StatesViz Media2,185,000+2016[67]
DenmarkCarlsen Verlag1,500,000+2007[68][69]
SwedenBonnier Carlsen1,300,0002006[69]
FinlandSangatsu Manga500,0002009[70][71]
PolandJaponica Polonica Fantastica420,000+2008[72]
United KingdomGollancz / Viz Media78,5542010[73]
VietnamKim Đồng Publishing House60,000+[e]2009[74]
Worldwide (16 countries)279,603,554+[f]

Further information: Dragon Ball (manga) § Reception

See also: Weekly Shōnen Jump § Circulation figures

Dragon Ball is one of the most popular manga series of all time, and it continues to enjoy high readership today. Dragon Ball is credited as one of the main reasons manga circulation was at its highest between the mid-1980s and mid-1990s.[75][76] During Dragon Ball's initial run in Weekly Shōnen Jump, the manga magazine reached an average circulation of 6.53 million weekly sales, the highest in its history.[75][76][77] During Dragon Ball's serialisation between 1984 and 1995, Weekly Shōnen Jump magazine had a total circulation of over 2.9 billion copies,[78][g] with those issues generating an estimated ¥554 billion ($6.9 billion) in sales revenue.[g]

Dragon Ball also sold a record number of collected tankōbon volumes for its time. By 2000, more than 126 million tankōbon copies had been sold in Japan alone.[79] It sold over 150 million copies in Japan by 2008, making it the best-selling manga ever at the time.[80] By 2012, its sales in Japan had grown to pass 156 million, making it the second best-selling Weekly Shōnen Jump manga of all time, behind One Piece.[81]Dragon Ball's tankobon volumes sold 159.5 million copies in Japan by February 2014,[82] and have sold over 160 million copies in Japan as of 2016.[48]

The manga is similarly popular overseas, having been translated and released in over 40 countries worldwide.[83] Estimates for the total number of tankōbon volumes sold worldwide range from more than 250 million copies[48][84][85][86][87][88][89][90][91] to more than 300 million copies,[92][93][94][95][96][97] not including unofficial pirated copies; when including pirated copies, an estimated total of over 400 million official and unofficial copies have been sold worldwide.[f][b][c]

For the 10th anniversary of the Japan Media Arts Festival in 2006, Japanese fans voted Dragon Ball the third greatest manga of all time.[98] In a survey conducted by Oricon in 2007 among 1,000 people, Son Goku, the main character of the franchise, ranked first place as the "Strongest Manga Character of All Time."[99] Goku's journey and his ever-growing strength resulted in the character winning "the admiration of young boys everywhere".[6] Manga artists, such as One Piece creator Eiichiro Oda and Naruto creator Masashi Kishimoto, have stated that Goku inspired their series' main protagonists as well as series structure.[100][101]

Manga critic Jason Thompson stated in 2011 that "Dragon Ball is by far the most influential shonen manga of the last 30 years, and today, almost every Shonen Jump artist lists it as one of their favorites and lifts from it in various ways."[102] He says the series "turns from a gag/adventure manga to an nearly-pure fighting manga",[102] and its basic formula of "lots of martial arts, lots of training sequences, a few jokes" became the model for other shōnen series, such as Naruto.[103] Thompson also called Toriyama's art influential and cited it as a reason for the series' popularity.[102] James S. Yadao, author of The Rough Guide to Manga, claims that the first several chapters of Dragon Ball "play out much like Saiyuki with Dr. Slump-like humour built in" and that Dr. Slump, Toriyama's previous manga, has a clear early influence on the series.[104] He feels the series "established its unique identity" after the first occasion when Goku's group disbands and he trains under Kame-sen'nin, when the story develops "a far more action-packed, sinister tone" with "wilder" battles with aerial and spiritual elements and an increased death count, while humor still makes an occasional appearance.[104] Yadao claims that an art shift occurs when the characters "lose the rounded, innocent look that he established in Dr. Slump and gain sharper angles that leap off the page with their energy and intensity."[105]

Animerica felt the series had "worldwide appeal", using dramatic pacing and over-the-top martial arts action to "maintain tension levels and keep a crippler crossface hold on the audience's attention spans".[106] In Little Boy: The Art of Japan's Exploding Subculture, Takashi Murakami commented that Dragon Ball's "never-ending cyclical narrative moves forward plausibly, seamlessly, and with great finesse."[79] Ridwan Khan from Animefringe.com commented that the manga had a "chubby" art style, but as the series continued the characters got more refined, leaner, and more muscular. Khan prefers the manga over the slow pacing of the anime counterparts.[107] Allen Divers of Anime News Network praised the story and humor of the manga as being very good at conveying all of the characters' personalities. Divers also called Viz's translation one of the best of all the English editions of the series due to its faithfulness to the original Japanese.[108] D. Aviva Rothschild of Rationalmagic.com remarked the first manga volume as "a superior humor title". They praised Goku's innocence and Bulma's insistence as one of the funniest parts of the series.[109]

The content of the manga has been controversial in the United States. In November 1999, Toys "R" Us removed Viz's Dragon Ball from their stores nationwide when a Dallas parent complained the series had "borderline soft porn" after he bought them for his four-year-old son.[110] Commenting on the issue, Susan J. Napier explained it as a difference in culture.[110] After the ban, Viz reluctantly began to censor the series to keep wide distribution.[111] However, in 2001, after releasing three volumes censored, Viz announced Dragon Ball would be uncensored and reprinted due to fan reactions.[111] In October 2009, Wicomico County Public Schools in Maryland banned the Dragon Ball manga from their school district because it "depicts nudity, sexual contact between children and sexual innuendo among adults and children."[110]


Main article: List of Dragon Ball anime

Dragon Ball[edit]

Main article: Dragon Ball (TV series)

Further information: List of Dragon Ball episodes

Toei Animation produced an anime television series based on the first 194 manga chapters, also titled Dragon Ball. The series premiered in Japan on Fuji Television on February 26, 1986 and ran until April 19, 1989, lasting 153 episodes.[5] It is broadcast in 81 countries worldwide.[112]

Dragon Ball Z[edit]

Main article: Dragon Ball Z

Further information: List of Dragon Ball Z episodes

Instead of continuing the anime as Dragon Ball, Toei Animation decided to carry on with their adaptation under a new name and asked Akira Toriyama to come up with the title. Dragon Ball Z (ドラゴンボールZ(ゼット), Doragon Bōru Zetto, commonly abbreviated as DBZ) picks up five years after the first series left off and adapts the final 325 chapters of the manga. It premiered in Japan on Fuji Television on April 26, 1989, taking over its predecessor's time slot, and ran for 291 episodes until its conclusion on January 31, 1996.[5] Two television specials based on the Z series were aired on Fuji TV in Japan. The first, The One True Final Battle ~The Z Warrior Who Challenged Frieza – Son Goku's Father~, renamed Bardock – The Father of Goku by Funimation, was shown on October 17, 1990. The second special, Defiance in the Face of Despair!! The Remaining Super-Warriors: Gohan and Trunks, renamed The History of Trunks by Funimation, is based on a special chapter of the original manga and aired on February 24, 1993.

Dragon Ball GT[edit]

Main article: Dragon Ball GT

Further information: List of Dragon Ball GT episodes

Dragon Ball GT (ドラゴンボールGT(ジーティー), Doragon Bōru Jī Tī, G(rand) T(ouring)[113]) premiered on Fuji TV on February 7, 1996 and ran until November 19, 1997 for 64 episodes.[5] Unlike the first two anime series, it is not based on Akira Toriyama's original Dragon Ball manga,[114] being created by Toei Animation as a sequel to the series or as Toriyama called it, a "grand side story of the original Dragon Ball."[113] Toriyama designed the main cast, the spaceship used in the show, the design of three planets, and came up with the title and logo. In addition to this, Toriyama also oversaw production of the series, just as he had for the Dragon Ball and Dragon Ball Z anime. The television special episode, Goku's Side Story! The Proof of his Courage is the Four-Star Ball, or A Hero's Legacy as Funimation titled it for their dub, aired on March 26, 1997, between episodes 41 and 42, serving as a kind of precursor to the epilogue to the series shown at the end of episode 64.

Dragon Ball Z Kai[edit]

Main article: List of Dragon Ball Z Kai episodes

In February 2009, Dragon Ball Z celebrated its 20th anniversary, with Toei Animation announcing that it would broadcast a re-edited and remastered version of the Dragon Ball Z anime under the name Dragon Ball Kai (ドラゴンボール改, Doragon Bōru Kai, lit. "Dragon Ball Revised"). The footage would be re-edited to follow the manga more closely, eliminating scenes and episodes which were not featured in the original manga, resulting in a more faithful adaptation, as well as in a faster-moving, and more focused story.[115] The episodes were remastered for HDTV, with rerecording of the vocal tracks by most of the original cast, and featuring updated opening and ending sequences. On April 5, 2009, the series premiered in Japan airing in Fuji TV.[116][117]Dragon Ball Z Kai reduced the episode count to 159 episodes (167 episodes internationally), from the original footage of 291 episodes. Damaged frames were removed, resulting in some minor shots being remade from scratch in order to fix cropping, and others to address continuity issues.[118] The majority of the international versions, including Funimation Entertainment's English dub, are titled Dragon Ball Z Kai.[119][120]

Dragon Ball Super[edit]

Main article: Dragon Ball Super

Further information: List of Dragon Ball Super episodes

On April 28, 2015, Toei Animation announced Dragon Ball Super (ドラゴンボール超, Doragon Bōru Sūpā), the first all-new Dragon Ball television series to be released in 18 years. It debuted on July 5 and ran as a weekly series at 9:00 am on Fuji TV on Sundays until its series finale on March 25, 2018 after 131 episodes.[121]Masako Nozawa reprises her roles as Goku, Gohan, and Goten. Most of the original cast reprise their roles as well.[122][123]Koichi Yamadera and Masakazu Morita also reprise their roles, as Beerus and Whis, respectively.[123]

The story of the anime is set several years after the defeat of Majin Buu, when the Earth has become peaceful once again. Akira Toriyama is credited as the original creator, as well for "original story & character design concepts."[124] It is also being adapted into a parallel manga.[125]

Super Dragon Ball Heroes[edit]

Main article: Super Dragon Ball Heroes (anime)

Further information: List of Super Dragon Ball Heroes episodes and Dragon Ball Heroes

In 2018, an anime to promote the Super Dragon Ball Heroes card and video game series was announced with a July 1 premiere.[126] The series' announcement included a brief synopsis:

Trunks returns from the future to train with Goku and Vegeta. However, he abruptly vanishes. The mysterious man "Fu" suddenly appears, telling them that Trunks has been locked up on the "Prison Planet", a mysterious facility in an unknown location between universes. The group searches for the Dragon Balls to free Trunks, but an unending super battle awaits them! Will Goku and the others manage to rescue Trunks and escape the Prison Planet?

Other installments[edit]

The short film Dragon Ball: Yo! Son Goku and His Friends Return!! was created for the Jump Super Anime Tour,[127] which celebrated Weekly Shōnen Jump's 40th anniversary, and debuted on September 21, 2008. A short animated adaptation of Naho Ōishi's Bardock spinoff manga, Dragon Ball: Episode of Bardock, was shown on December 17–18, 2011 at the Jump Festa 2012 event.[128]

A two-episode original video animation (OVA) titled Dragon Ball Z Side Story: Plan to Eradicate the Saiyans was created in 1993 as strategy guides for the Famicom video game of the same name.[129] A remake titled Dragon Ball: Plan to Eradicate the Super Saiyans was created as a bonus feature for the PlayStation 3 and Xbox 360 video game Dragon Ball: Raging Blast 2, which was released on November 11, 2010.[130]

A two-part hour-long crossover special between Dragon Ball Z, One Piece and Toriko, referred to as Dream 9 Toriko & One Piece & Dragon Ball Z Super Collaboration Special!! aired on April 7, 2013.[131]


The anime adaptations have also been very well-received and are better known in the Western world than the manga, with Anime News Network saying, "Few anime series have mainstreamed it the way Dragon Ball Z has. To a certain generation of television consumers its characters are as well known as any in the animated realm, and for many it was the first step into the wilderness of anime fandom."[132] In 2000, satellite TV channel Animax together with Brutus, a men's lifestyle magazine, and Tsutaya, Japan's largest video rental chain, conducted a poll among 200,000 fans on the top anime series, with Dragon Ball coming in fourth.[133]TV Asahi conducted two polls in 2005 on the Top 100 Anime, Dragon Ball came in second in the nationwide survey conducted with multiple age-groups and in third in the online poll.[134][135]

Dragon Ball is one of the most successful franchises in animation history.[136] The anime series is broadcast in more than 80 countries worldwide.[112] In Japan, the first sixteen anime films up until Dragon Ball Z: Wrath of the Dragon (1995) sold 50 million tickets and grossed over ¥40 billion ($501 million) at the box office, in addition to selling over 500,000 home video units, by 1996.[137][138] Later DVD releases of the Dragon Ball anime series have topped Japan's sales charts on several occasions.[139][140] In the United States, the anime series sold over 25 million DVD units by January 2012,[141] and has sold more than 30 million DVD and Blu-ray units as of 2017.[136] In Latin America, public screenings of the Dragon Ball Super finale in 2018 filled public spaces and stadiums in cities across the region, including stadiums holding tens of thousands of spectators.[142]

Carl Kimlinger of Anime News Network summed up Dragon Ball as "an action-packed tale told with rare humor and something even rarer—a genuine sense of adventure."[143] Both Kimlinger and colleague Theron Martin noted Funimation's reputation for drastic alterations of the script, but praised the dub.[143][144] However, some critics and most fans of the Japanese version have been more critical with Funimation's English dub and script of Dragon Ball Z over the years. Jeffrey Harris of IGN criticized the voices, including how Freeza's appearance combined with the feminine English voice left fans confused about Freeza's gender.[145] Carlos Ross of T.H.E.M. Anime Reviews considered the series' characters to be different from stereotypical stock characters and noted that they undergo much more development.[146] Despite praising Dragon Ball Z for its cast of characters, they criticized it for having long and repetitive fights.[147]

Dragon Ball Z is well-known, and often criticized, for its long, repetitive, dragged-out fights that span several episodes, with Martin commenting "DBZ practically turned drawing out fights into an art form."[148] However, Jason Thompson of io9 explained that this comes from the fact that the anime was being created alongside the manga.[149]Dragon Ball Z was listed as the 78th best animated show in IGN's Top 100 Animated Series,[150] and was also listed as the 50th greatest cartoon in Wizard magazine's Top 100 Greatest Cartoons list.[151]

Harris commented that Dragon Ball GT "is downright repellent", mentioning that the material and characters had lost their novelty and fun. He also criticized the GT character designs of Trunks and Vegeta as being goofy.[145] Zac Bertschy of Anime News Network also gave negative comments about GT, mentioning that the fights from the series were "a very simple childish exercise" and that many other anime were superior. The plot of Dragon Ball GT has also been criticized for giving a formula that was already used in its predecessors.[152]

The first episode of Dragon Ball Z Kai earned a viewer ratings percentage of 11.3, ahead of One Piece and behind Crayon Shin-chan.[153] Although following episodes had lower ratings, Kai was among the top 10 anime in viewer ratings every week in Japan for most of its run.[154][155]

Other media[edit]

See also: List of Dragon Ball films

Anime films[edit]

Twenty animated theatrical films based on the Dragon Ball series have been released in Japan. The three most recent films, Dragon Ball Z: Battle of Gods (2013), Dragon Ball Z: Resurrection 'F' (2015) and Dragon Ball Super: Broly (2018), were produced as full-length feature films and were given stand-alone theatrical releases in Japan (as well as limited theatrical releases in the U.S.). They're also the first movies to have original creator Akira Toriyama deeply involved in their production; Battle of Gods and Resurrection 'F' were remade into the first and second arcs of the Dragon Ball Super anime, which told the same stories as the two films in expanded detail.[156][157] The 1996 feature film, Dragon Ball: The Path to Power, was also a full-length theatrical release with a running time of 80 minutes, and was produced to coincide with the 10th anniversary of the anime as a re-imagining of the first few arcs of the series.

All previous films were mostly below feature length (around 45–60 minutes each), making them only slightly longer than one or two episodes of the TV series; this is due to them being originally shown as back-to-back presentations alongside other Toei film productions. These films are also mostly alternate re-tellings of certain story arcs (like The Path to Power), or extra side-stories that do not correlate with the continuity of the series. The first three films, along with The Path to Power, are based on the original Dragon Ball anime series. The remaining thirteen older films are based on Dragon Ball Z. The first five films were shown at the Toei Manga Festival (東映まんがまつり, Tōei Manga Matsuri), while the sixth through seventeenth films were shown at the Toei Anime Fair (東映アニメフェア, Toei Anime Fea).

Live-action film[edit]

An American live-action film titled Dragonball Evolution was produced by 20th Century Fox after it acquired the feature film rights to the Dragon Ball franchise in March 2002. Previous to the film, two unofficial live-action films had been produced decades prior. The first was a Taiwanese film titled Dragon Ball: The Magic Begins, which was also dubbed in English, while the second was a Korean film titled Dragon Ball: Fight, Son Goku! Win, Son Goku!.[158][159] The film was directed by James Wong and produced by Stephen Chow, it was released in the United States on April 10, 2009.[159][160] The film was meant to lead into sequels,[161][162] which were cancelled, after the film flopped at the box office and became universally heralded as one of the worst adaptations of all time, being considered by the fans as being unfaithful to the source material.[163] Franchise creator Akira Toriyama also criticized the film adding he was completely left out of the creative process, despite having himself offered to help, going as far as saying: "the result was a movie, I couldn't even call Dragon Ball".[164] Years after its release, the writer of the film, Ben Ramsey, released a public apology in which he admitted to have written the film "chasing for a payday" instead of "as a fan of the franchise".[165][166]

With the news of 20th Century Fox selling itself, its assets; which include the film rights to the Dragon Ball franchise, will now be owned by its purchaser, The Walt Disney Company.[167]Jackie Chan had openly expressed interest in adapting the series into a live action movie.[168]

Theme park attractions[edit]

"Dragon Ball Z: The Real 4D" debuted at Universal Studios Japan in the summer of 2016. It features a battle between Goku and Freeza. Unlike most Dragon Ball animation, the attraction is animated with CGI. A second attraction titled "Dragon Ball Z: The Real 4-D at Super Tenkaichi Budokai" debuted at Universal Studios Japan in the summer of 2017, which featured a battle between the heroes and Broly.

Video games[edit]

See also: List of Dragon Ball video games

A Dragon Ball Zarcade conversion kit that includes the PCB, instructions and operator's manual

The Dragon Ball franchise has spawned multiple video games across various genres and platforms. Earlier games of the series included a system of card battling and were released for the Famicom following the storyline of the series.[169] Starting with the Super Famicom and Mega Drive, most of the games were from the fighting genre or RPG (Role Playing Game), such as the Super Butoden series.[170] The first Dragon Ball game to be released in the United States was Dragon Ball GT: Final Bout for the PlayStation in 1997.[171] For the PlayStation 2 and PlayStation Portable games the characters were redone in 3D cel-shaded graphics. These games included the Dragon Ball Z: Budokai series and the Dragon Ball Z: Budokai Tenkaichi series.[172][173]Dragon Ball Z: Burst Limit was the first game of the franchise developed for the PlayStation 3 and Xbox 360.[174]Dragon Ball Xenoverse was the first game of the franchise developed for the PlayStation 4 and Xbox One.[175][176] A massively multiplayer online role-playing game called Dragon Ball Online was available in Korea, Hong Kong and Taiwan until the servers were shut down in 2013.[177] A few years later fans started recreating the game. Today, "Dragon Ball Online Global" is a new, European version of Dragon Ball Online and it is being developed, while open beta server is running.[178]

The mobile gameDragon Ball Z: Dokkan Battle (2015) has received over 300 million downloads worldwide, as of 2019[update].[179] A notable recent release is Dragon Ball FighterZ (2018), a fighting game developed by Arc System Works. The game received massive fan and critical acclaim for its fast paced frantic 3v3 battles and great visuals, also winning Best Fighting Game of 2018 at The Game Awards[180] and many other awards and other nominations. It also has a large eSports scene, where it is one of the most popular fighting games.[142] It also did very well commercially, selling 4 million units across all platforms.[181]


Period Retail sales Notes Ref
1989 to 2011 $5 billion Dragon Ball Z merchandise [182]
January 2012 to March 2012 ¥2.7 billion ($34 million) Bandai Namco toys only [183][184]
April 2012 to March 2013 ¥4.8 billion ($60 million) Bandai Namco toys only [185]
April 2013 to March 2014 ¥6.4 billion ($66 million)
April 2014 to March 2015 ¥5.8 billion ($55 million) Bandai Namco toys only [186]
April 2015 to March 2017 ¥21.9 billion ($201 million) Bandai Namco toys only [187][188]
April 2017 to December 2018 ¥29.7 billion ($269 million) Bandai Namco toys only [189][184]
2019 $1.95 billion+ Licensed merchandise [190]
January 2020 to December 2020 ¥15 billion ($146 million) Bandai Namco toys only [184][191]
Total known sales $7.781 billion+

In 1994, the licensee Bandai earned $140 million annually from sales of licensed Dragon Ball toys, video games and other character goods in Japan.[192] In 1996, Dragon Ball Z grossed $2.95 billion in merchandise sales worldwide.[193] Bandai sold over 2 billion Dragon BallCarddass cards in Japan by 1998,[194] and over 1 million Dragon Stars figurines in the Americas and Europe as of 2018.[195] In 2000, Burger King sponsored a toy promotion to distribute 20 millionDragon Ball Z figurines across North America.[196] By 2011, the franchise had generated $5 billion in merchandise sales.[182] In 2012, the franchise grossed ¥7.67 billion ($96.13 million) from licensed merchandise sales in Japan.[197]


See also: List of Dragon Ball soundtracks

Myriad soundtracks were released in the anime, movies and the games. The music for the first two anime Dragon Ball and Z and its films was composed by Shunsuke Kikuchi, while the music from GT was composed by Akihito Tokunaga and the music from Kai was composed by Kenji Yamamoto and Norihito Sumitomo. For the first anime, the soundtracks released were Dragon Ball: Music Collection in 1985 and Dragon Ball: Complete Song Collection in 1991, although they were reissued in 2007 and 2003, respectively.[198] For the second anime, the soundtrack series released were Dragon Ball Z Hit Song Collection Series. It was produced and released by Columbia Records of Japan from July 21, 1989 to March 20, 1996 the show's entire lifespan. On September 20, 2006 Columbia re-released the Hit Song Collection on their Animex 1300 series.[199][200] Other CDs released are compilations, video games and films soundtracks as well as music from the English versions.[201]

Companion books[edit]

Cover of Dragon Ball: The Complete Illustrations

There have been numerous companion books to the Dragon Ball franchise. Chief among these are the Daizenshuu (大全集) series, comprising seven hardback main volumes and three supplemental softcover volumes, covering the manga and the first two anime series and their theatrical films. The first of these, Dragon Ball: The Complete Illustrations (Daizenshuu volume 1), first published in Japan in 1995, is the only one that was released in English, being printed in 2008 by Viz Media.[202] It contains all 264 colored illustrations Akira Toriyama drew for the Weekly Shōnen Jump magazines' covers, bonus giveaways and specials, and all the covers for the 42 tankōbon. It also includes an interview with Toriyama on his work process. The remainder have never been released in English, and all are now out of print in Japan. From February 4 to May 9, 2013, condensed versions of the Daizenshuu with some updated information were released as the four-volume Chōzenshū (超全集) series.[33] For Dragon Ball GT, the Dragon Ball GT Perfect Files were released in May and December 1997 by Shueisha's Jump Comics Selection imprint. They include series information, illustration galleries, behind-the-scenes information, and more. They were out of print for many years, but were re-released in April 2006 (accompanying the Japanese DVD release of Dragon Ball GT) and this edition is still in print.[203][204]

Coinciding with the 34-volume kanzenban re-release of the manga, and the release of the entire series on DVD for the first time in Japan, four new guidebooks were released in 2003 and 2004. Dragon Ball Landmark and Dragon Ball Forever cover the manga, using volume numbers for story points that reference the kanzenban release,[205][206] while Dragon Ball: Tenkaichi Densetsu (ドラゴンボール 天下一伝説) and Dragon Ball Z: Son Goku Densetsu (ドラゴンボールZ 孫悟空伝説) cover the Dragon Ball and Dragon Ball Z anime, respectively.[207][208] Much of the material in these books is reused from the earlier Daizenshuu volumes, but they include new textual material including substantial interviews with the creator, cast and production staff of the series. Son Goku Densetsu in particular showcases previously-unpublished design sketches of Goku's father Bardock, drawn by character designer Katsuyoshi Nakatsuru prior to creator Akira Toriyama's revisions that resulted in the final version.

Following the release of Dragon Ball Kai in Japan, four new guidebooks were released: the two-volume Dragon Ball: Super Exciting Guide (ドラゴンボール 超エキサイティングガイド) in 2009, covering the manga,[209][210] and two-volume Dragon Ball: Extreme Battle Collection (ドラゴンボール 極限バトルコレクション) in 2010, covering the anime series.[211][212] Despite the TV series airing during this time being Kai, the Extreme Battle Collection books reference the earlier Z series in content and episode numbers. These books also include new question-and-answer sessions with Akira Toriyama, revealing a few new details about the world and characters of the series. 2010 also saw the release of a new artbook, Dragon Ball: Anime Illustrations Guide – The Golden Warrior (ドラゴンボール アニメイラスト集 「黄金の戦士」); a sort of anime-counterpart to the manga-oriented Complete Illustrations, it showcases anime-original illustrations and includes interviews with the three principal character designers for the anime. Each of the Japanese "Dragon Box" DVD releases of the series and movies, which were released from 2003 to 2006, as well as the Blu-ray boxed sets of Dragon Ball Kai, released 2009 to 2011, come with a Dragon Book guide that contains details about the content therein. Each also contains a new interview with a member of the cast or staff of the series. These books have been reproduced textually for Funimation's release of the Dragon Ball Z Dragon Box sets from 2009 to 2011.

Collectible cards

See also: Dragon Ball Collectible Card Game

Collectible cards based on the Dragon Ball, Dragon Ball Z, and Dragon Ball GT series have been released by Bandai. These cards feature various scenes from the manga and anime stills, plus exclusive artwork from all three series. Bandai released the first set in the United States in July 2008.[213]

Tabletop role-playing game

Cultural impact[edit]

Since its debut, Dragon Ball has had a considerable impact on global popular culture.[142][216] Estimates for the franchise's lifetime revenue range from $23 billion[92] to $30 billion.[217] In 2015, the Japan Anniversary Association officially declared May 9 as "Goku Day" (悟空の日, Gokū no Hi); in Japanese, the numbers five and nine can be pronounced as "Go" and "Ku".[218] It is similarly influential in international popular culture across other parts of the world.[142]Dragon Ball is widely referenced in American popular culture, from television and music to celebrities and athletes, and the show has been celebrated with Goku making an appearance at the 2018 Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade, and with Dragon Ballmurals appearing in cities such as Los Angeles, Chicago, Kansas City and Denver.[216]

Dragon Ball is also immensely popular in other regions of the world, such as Latin America, where public screenings of the Dragon Ball Super finale in 2018 filled public spaces and stadiums in cities across the region, including stadiums holding tens of thousands of spectators.[142]Dragon Ball creator Akira Toriyama was decorated a Chevalier or "Knight" of the Ordre des Arts et des Lettres by the French government in May 2019 for his contributions to the arts, particularly for Dragon Ball which has been credited with popularizing manga in France.[219][220]

Vegeta's quote "It's Over 9000!" from the Saiyan Saga in the English dub of Dragon Ball Z is a popular internet meme.[221] Goku has been identified as a superhero,[222][223] as well as Gohan with his Great Saiyaman persona.[224]Motorola's Freescale DragonBall and DragonBall EZ/VZ microcontroller processors, released in 1995, are named after Dragon Ball and Dragon Ball Z, respectively.[225]

Comics and animation[edit]

Dragon Ball has been cited as inspiration across various different media. Dragon Ball is credited with setting trends for popular shōnen manga and anime since the 1980s, with manga critic Jason Thompson in 2011 calling it "by far the most influential shōnen manga of the last 30 years." Successful shōnen manga authors such as Eiichiro Oda (One Piece), Masashi Kishimoto (Naruto), Tite Kubo (Bleach), Hiro Mashima (Fairy Tail) and Kentaro Yabuki (Black Cat) have cited Dragon Ball as an influence on their own now popular works. According to Thompson, "almost every Shonen Jump artist lists it as one of their favorites and lifts from it in various ways."[102]

Ian Jones-Quartey, a producer of the American animated series Steven Universe, is a fan of Dragon Ball and Dr. Slump, and uses Toriyama's vehicle designs as a reference for his own. He also stated that "We're all big Toriyama fans on [Steven Universe], which kind of shows a bit."[226]Comic book artist André Lima Araújo cited Dragon Ball, along with several other manga and anime, as a major influence on his work, which includes Marvel comics such as Age of Ultron, Avengers A.I., Spider-Verse and The Inhumans.[227] Filipino comic artist Dexter Soy, who has worked on Marvel and DC comics such as Captain America, cited Dragon Ball as a major inspiration.[228]Tony Stark: Iron Man #11 (2019) makes references to Dragon Ball Z, including Miles Morales as Spider-Man referencing the Super Saiyan transformation.[229]


An unofficial live-action Mandarin Chinese film adaptation of the series, Dragon Ball: The Magic Begins, was released in Taiwan in 1989.[5] In December 1990, the unofficial live-action Korean film Dragon Ball: Ssawora Son Goku, Igyeora Son Goku was released.[230][231] Action film star Jackie Chan is a fan of the franchise, and said Goku is his favorite Dragon Ball character. In 1995, Chan had expressed some interest in adapting Dragon Ball into a film, but said it would require "a lot of amazing special effects and an enormous budget."[232] Later in 2013, Toriyama said his ideal live-action Goku would have been a young Jackie Chan, stating that "nobody could play Goku but him."[233]

The Matrix franchise echoes Dragon Ball Z in several action scenes, including the climactic fights of the 2003 films Matrix Reloaded and Matrix Revolutions.[234] Filino-American film storyboard artist Jay Oliva has cited Dragon Ball as a major inspiration on his work, particularly the action scenes of 2013 Superman filmMan of Steel, which launched the DC Extended Universe.[235] Several films in the Marvel Cinematic Universe have also been visually influenced by Dragon Ball Z. Erik Killmonger's battle armour in Black Panther (2018) bears a resemblance to Vegeta's battle armour,[236][237] which actor Michael B. Jordan (himself a Dragon Ball fan) said may have inspired Killmonger's battle armor.[238] The fiery look of Carol Danvers' Binary powers in Captain Marvel (2019) also drew some influence from Dragon Ball Z.[239] In Shang-Chi and the Legend of the Ten Rings (2021), Katy refers to one of Shang-Chi's techniques as a "Kamehameha fireball";[240] the film's director Destin Daniel Cretton cited Dragon Ball Z as an inspiration behind the film's climactic fight scene.[241]

Music and sports[edit]

Dragon Ball has been channeled and referenced by numerous musicians. It is popular in the hip hop community, and has been referenced in numerous hip hop songs by rappers and artists such as Chris Brown, Chance the Rapper, Big Sean, Lil Uzi Vert, G-Mo Skee, The Weeknd, Childish Gambino,[216]Thundercat, B.o.B, Soulja Boy,[242]Drake,[243]Frank Ocean, and Sese.[244] Mark Sammut of TheGamer notes that Gohan occasionally performs the dab move (as The Great Saiyaman), decades before it became a popular hip-hop dance move in American popular culture.[245]

Numerous athletes have also channeled and referenced Dragon Ball, including NBAbasketball players such as Sacramento Kings guard De'Aaron Fox, Chicago Bulls forward Lauri Markkanen, Golden State Warriors player Jordan Bell, and Los Angeles Lakers guard Lonzo Ball, American footballNFL stars such as Cleveland Browns players Darren Fells and David Njoku, mixed martial artistRonda Rousey,[216] and WWE wrestlers such as The New Day.[246][247] Additionally, Canadian mixed martial artist Carlos Newton dubbed his fighting style "Dragon Ball Jiu-Jitsu" in tribute to the series.[248] Other mixed martial artists inspired by Dragon Ball include Yushin Okami, Yoshihiro Akiyama and Yuya Wakamatsu.[249] The French group Yamakasi cited Dragon Ball as an influence on their development of parkour, inspired by how the heroes attain extraordinary abilities through hard work.[250]

Video games[edit]

The producer of the Tekken video game series, Katsuhiro Harada, said that Dragon Ball was one of the first works to visually depict chi and thereby influenced numerous Japanese video games, especially fighting games such as Tekken and Street Fighter.[251] Masaaki Ishikawa, art director of the video game Arms, said that its art style was largely influenced by Dragon Ball and Akira.[252] French video game designer Éric Chahi also cited Dragon Ball as an influence on his 1991 cinematic platformerAnother World.[253] Other video game industry veterans who were inspired by Dragon Ball include Suda51, SWERY, Insomniac Games, Nina Freeman, Heart Machine, Iron Galaxy, and Mega64.[251]


  1. ^Tankōbon volume sales of original Dragon Ball manga, not including Dragon Ball Super.
  2. ^ abcdAdditionally, more than 100 million unofficial pirated copies are estimated to have been sold in China, as of 2005.[59]
  3. ^ abcdAdditionally, more than 30 million unofficial pirated copies are estimated to have been sold in South Korea, as of 2014.[53]
  4. ^Tally does not include unofficial pirated copies. When including the over 130 million unofficial pirated copies sold in China and South Korea,[b][c] an estimated total of approximately 250 million official and unofficial copies have been sold overseas.
  5. ^60,000 copies sold annually in Vietnam, as of 2009.[74]
  6. ^ abTally does not include unofficial pirated copies. When including the over 130 million unofficial pirated copies sold in China and South Korea,[b][c] an estimated total of over 400 million official and unofficial copies have been sold worldwide.
  7. ^ abSee Weekly Shōnen Jump § Circulation figures


  1. ^Originally there were eighteen universes, but six of them were since erased by Zeno, a supreme deity.


  1. ^SOS from the Future: A Dark New Enemy Appears!, Funimation dub
  2. ^ ab"Akira Toriyama × Katsuyoshi Nakatsuru". TV Anime Guide: Dragon Ball Z Son Goku Densetsu. Shueisha. 2003. ISBN . Archived from the original on September 3, 2020. Retrieved November 21, 2019.
  3. ^The Dragon Ball Z Legend: The Quest Continues. DH Publishing Inc. 2004. p. 7. ISBN .
  4. ^"Interview — Dragon Power / Ask Akira Toriyama!". Shonen Jump (1). January 2003. Archived from the original on September 3, 2020. Retrieved June 23, 2020.
  5. ^ abcdefClements, Jonathan; Helen McCarthy (September 1, 2001). The Anime Encyclopedia: A Guide to Japanese Animation Since 1917 (1st ed.). Berkeley, California: Stone Bridge Press. pp. 101–102. ISBN . OCLC 47255331.
  6. ^ abWiedemann, Julius (September 25, 2004). "Akira Toriyama". In Amano Masanao (ed.). Manga Design. Taschen. p. 372. ISBN .
  7. ^ abcdefg (in Japanese). Shueisha. 1995. pp. 261–265. ISBN .
  8. ^ abc (in Japanese). Shueisha. 2004. pp. 80–91. ISBN .
  9. ^"The Truth About the "Dragon Ball" Manga: "Toriyama Thought of It Like This" Special". Dragon Ball Super Exciting Guide: Story-Hen [Dragon Ball Super Exciting Guide: Story Volume]. Tōkyō: Shūeisha. March 4, 2009. pp. 87–93. ISBN .
  10. ^ abc (in Japanese). Shueisha. 1995. pp. 206–207. ISBN .
  11. ^Padula, Derek (2015). Dragon Ball Culture Volume 2: Adventure. Derek Padula. p. 53. ISBN . Archived from the original on September 3, 2020. Retrieved April 29, 2020.
  12. ^"Akira Toriyama Q&A". ドラゴンボール 冒険SPECIAL [Dragon Ball: Adventure Special] (in Japanese). Shueisha. November 18, 1987. Lay summary.
  13. ^ ab"Shenlong Times 2". DRAGON BALL 大全集 2: Story Guide (in Japanese). Shueisha. 1995.
  14. ^"Toriyama/Takahashi interview". Furinkan.com. 1986. Archived from the original on August 2, 2017. Retrieved May 18, 2014.
  15. ^ abc. Shueisha. 1995. pp. 164–169. ISBN .
  16. ^"Jason Thompson's House of 1000 Manga". Anime News Network. March 10, 2011. Archived from the original on January 17, 2019. Retrieved January 28, 2019.
  17. ^"Dragon Ball Collector — Interview with the Majin". Shonen Jump. No. 58. October 2007. Archived from the original on September 3, 2020. Retrieved June 9, 2020.
  18. ^Toriyama, Akira (2004). (in Japanese). Shueisha. pp. 80–91. ISBN .
  19. ^Toriyama, Akira (1995). . Shueisha. pp. 206–210. ISBN .
  20. ^"Comic Legends: Why Did Goku's Hair Turn Blonde?". Comic Book Resources. January 1, 2018. Archived from the original on July 19, 2018. Retrieved November 21, 2019.
  21. ^"Dragon Ball Back Then Vol. 2: Interview with "Dragon Ball Z" character designer Tadayoshi Yamamuro". Dragon Ball Anime Illustration: Kin'iro no Senshi [Dragon Ball Anime Illustration Collection: The Golden Warrior] (in Japanese). Tōkyō: Hōmusha. April 21, 2010. pp. 50–1. ISBN .
  22. ^ ab"Interview with the Majin! Revisited". Shonen Jump. Viz Media. 5 (11): 388. November 2007. ISSN 1545-7818.
  23. ^ ab (in Japanese). Shueisha. 2013. pp. 224–225. ISBN .
  24. ^. Shueisha. 1995. pp. 206–210. ISBN .
  25. ^Iwamoto, Tetsuo (March 27, 2013). "Dragon Ball artist: 'I just wanted to make boys happy'". Asahi Shimbun. Archived from the original on April 1, 2013. Retrieved September 20, 2013.
  26. ^. Media Arts Database (in Japanese). Agency for Cultural Affairs. Archived from the original on October 9, 2016. Retrieved February 25, 2017.
  27. ^. Media Arts Database (in Japanese). Agency for Cultural Affairs. Archived from the original on March 22, 2016. Retrieved February 25, 2017.
  28. ^"Comipress News article on "The Rise and Fall of Weekly Shōnen Jump"". comipress.com. May 6, 2007. Archived from the original on April 1, 2012. Retrieved June 2, 2008.
  29. ^ (in Japanese). Shueisha. Archived from the original on March 13, 2017. Retrieved June 2, 2008.
  30. ^ (in Japanese). Shueisha. Archived from the original on September 29, 2015. Retrieved June 2, 2008.
  31. ^ (in Japanese). Shueisha. Archived from the original on October 6, 2016. Retrieved August 28, 2016.
  32. ^ (in Japanese). Shueisha. Archived from the original on October 6, 2016. Retrieved August 28, 2016.
  33. ^ ab"Dragon Ball Manga Reprinted in Full Color in Japan". Anime News Network. Archived from the original on September 3, 2020. Retrieved December 21, 2012.
  34. ^ (in Japanese). Shueisha. Archived from the original on September 27, 2015. Retrieved September 9, 2015.
  35. ^ (in Japanese). Shueisha. Archived from the original on May 26, 2016. Retrieved September 9, 2015.
  36. ^ (in Japanese). Shueisha. Archived from the original on October 16, 2016. Retrieved August 28, 2016.
  37. ^ (in Japanese). Shueisha. Archived from the original on August 2, 2017. Retrieved August 28, 2016.
Sours: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dragon_Ball
dragon ball super ending scene - dbs episode 131

Every Time Akira Toriyama Almost Ended Dragon Ball

Akira Toriyama, creator of the Dragon Ball franchise, planned to end the story on several occasions before he actually managed to do so.

Here are all the times Dragon Ball Z was meant to come to an end. Akira Toriyama's Dragon Ball franchise was first published as a manga over the course of 11 years, running from 1984 to 1995. During that time, Dragon Ball was adapted into a TV anime series that rocketed the adventures of Goku and his friends to worldwide fame. Even in 2019, Dragon Ball remains the most popular anime franchise at an international level and has spawned countless video games, spinoffs and movies, despite the main story concluding more than two decades prior.

As with any popular media property, there has been a certain amount of resistance to the idea of bringing Dragon Ball to a definitive end, as those with a stake in the franchise seek to keep interest (and income) high. As a result, there have been several points in Dragon Ball history when Toriyama had planned to bring Goku's story to an end, but ultimately carried on producing material.

Related: Dragon Ball Finally Explains Goku's Instant Transmission

Toriyama is infamously inconsistent with his interview answers, but has cited several different occasions where Dragon Ball was supposed to end. The earliest point is after the very first arc of the manga, which sees Goku, Bulma and the original gang search for the seven Dragon Balls. Toriyama confirmed this in a 1995 interview, stating that he only expected and planned for the series to last a single year - perhaps more a reserved estimate of Dragon Ball's potential success than a deliberate desire to wrap things up at such an early stage.

Once Dragon Ball started picking up momentum, Toriyama revised his original estimate and, in Vol. 5 of the manga, claimed that he expected the series to only run until Vol. 10. While mangaka are famous for their inaccuracy in predicting how much story is left to tell, this forecast at least confirms that Toriyama originally wanted Dragon Ball to end while Goku was still a child and perhaps even before the introduction of King Piccolo. Only 2 volumes later, however, Toriyama revealed this plan had changed because of Dragon Ball's rising popularity.

Consequently, Goku's adventures continued into the Piccolo Saga, but Toriyama was quoted in the fan questions section of Vol. 12 as saying Dragon Ball would only continue for a "little while longer" after the Namekian's defeat. In hindsight, this sentiment seems laughable, since Dragon Ball's popularity was growing rapidly after Goku hit adulthood and fought against the Saiyans. Still, this revelation strongly implies that the lengthy Frieza Saga was not in Toriyama's plans when he started work on the Z part of the story.

Many fans cite the intended end of Dragon Ball as the conclusion of the Frieza saga, with Goku fulfilling the Super Saiyan prophecy and finally defeating the villain responsible for destroying his home planet. Of course, this moment ended up being the beginning of a whole new chapter for Dragon Ball, rather than an ending, but there are perhaps a few possible signs that the story was supposed to finish with Frieza's death. The most obvious is when Goku is seemingly shown dying on the exploding Namek, and then revealed to have escaped in a space pod, despite clearly going down with the planet. Toriyama himself has never openly claimed that he intended Dragon Ball to end with the Frieza Saga, but many figures close to the franchise have, and Toriyama's former editor, Kazuhiko Torishima, is quoted (via Kotaku) as saying he feels the series should've stopped at this point.

Related: Yamcha Is Dragon Ball's Most Underestimated Character

Likewise, the Cell Saga is often claimed to be Toriyama's "true" desired end-point, even though the man himself has never stated this publicly. In fact, Toriyama has contradicted this theory by revealing how he planned to make Gohan the lead protagonist after the Cell Games arc, proving he did have plans to continue the story, albeit not with Goku as the main hero.

Toriyama eventually succeeded in bringing Dragon Ball to a close after the defeat of Majinn Buu and the hiatus lasted a long time - 13 years to be exact. True to form, however, Toriyama revisited his most famous creation with Yo! Son Goku and his Friends Return in 2008, which paved the way for the Battle of Gods movie and a whole new era of Dragon Ball stories on the big screen.

More: Dragon Ball Z: What Happened To Launch?

Sources: Kanzenshuu, Kotaku


A Real Life Squid Game Happened In Abu Dhabi

About The Author
Craig Elvy (3079 Articles Published)

Craig first began contributing to Screen Rant in 2016, several years after graduating college, and has been ranting ever since, mostly to himself in a darkened room. Having previously written for various sports and music outlets, Craig's interest soon turned to TV and film, where a steady upbringing of science fiction and comic books finally came into its own. Craig has previously been published on sites such as Den of Geek, and after many coffee-drenched hours hunched over a laptop, part-time evening work eventually turned into a full-time career covering everything from the zombie apocalypse to the Starship Enterprise via the TARDIS. Since joining the Screen Rant fold, Craig has been involved in breaking news stories and mildly controversial ranking lists, but now works predominantly as a features writer. Jim Carrey is Craig’s top acting pick and favorite topics include superheroes, anime and the unrecognized genius of the High School Musical trilogy.

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Sours: https://screenrant.com/dragon-ball-akira-toriyama-series-end-plans/

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