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How to Sum Columns or Rows in Google Sheets

What to Know

  • Easiest option: Click the cell, select SUM in the Functions menu, and select the cells you want to add.
  • Or click the cell, enter =SUM( and select the cells. Close with ). Press Enter.
  • You can also use the Function button to create a sum.

This article explains how to use the SUM function in Google Sheets using the Functions menu, inputting it manually, and with the Function button. The screenshots are from the Google Sheets app for iOS, but instructions are the same on all platforms.

How to Write a SUM Function

Adding up rows or columns of numbers is a common operation carried out in all spreadsheet programs. Google Sheets includes a built-in function called SUM for this purpose. With a function in place, the spreadsheet automatically updates when you make changes in the range of cells in the formula. If you change entries or add text to blank cells, the total updates to include the new data.

Using the information above, write a SUM function like this:

=SUM(number_1,number_2, ... number_30)

In this case, the numbers in the parentheses are the individual cells being added. This can be a list, like (A1, B2, C10), or a range, like (A1:B10). The range option is how you add columns and rows.

How to Enter a SUM Function in Google Sheets

Before you begin, enter the information you want to add up into a spreadsheet, then follow these steps:

  1. Click or tap the cell where you want to place the formula.

  2. Tap Enter text or formula to display the keyboard.

  3. Type =sum( to start the formula.

  4. Choose the numbers you want to add together. One way to do this is to tap the cells you want. The cell references appear inside the parentheses in the formula.

  5. To select a range of adjacent cells at once, tap one (for example, the first one in a row or column), then tap and drag the circle to select the numbers you want to add together.

    You can include empty cells in a function.

  6. Enter a closing parenthesis to end the function, and then tap the checkmark to run the function.

  7. The function runs, and the sum of the numbers you selected appears in the cell you chose.

  8. If you change any of the values in the cells you selected, the sum updates automatically.

How to Create a Sum Using the Function Button

You can also use a menu to enter a function instead of typing it. Here's how to do it.

  1. Enter the data, then select the cell in which you want the sum to appear.

  2. Click or tap the Function button.

    On the desktop version of Google Sheets, Function is on the right side of the formatting bar and looks like the Greek letter sigma (∑).

  3. In the list of function categories, tap Math.

    The Function menu on the desktop version of Google Sheets contains a few commonly used formulas. SUM may be on that list.

  4. The functions appear alphabetically. Scroll down, then tap SUM.

  5. In the spreadsheet, enter the range of numbers you want to add together.

How to Write a Function in Google Sheets

A function in Google Sheets and other spreadsheet programs like Microsoft Excel has three parts:

  • An equals sign (=). This tells the program that you're entering a function.
  • The name of the function. This is usually in all-caps, but that isn't necessary. Some examples are SUM, ROUNDUP, and PRODUCT.
  • A set of parentheses: (). If the function includes work on a set of numbers in the spreadsheet, these numbers go in the parentheses to tell the program which data to use in the formula.

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Google Sheets is undoubtedly a part of the modern business starter pack. This useful app lets you keep your data organized, clear, and up-to-date at all times. And it’s quite user-friendly!

There’s plenty you can do with the data you enter into your columns and rows. Many available formulas can save you time and help you focus on the core of your tasks instead of wasting your time calculating things manually.

If your burning question right now is how to sum a column in Google Sheets, this article will give you all the answers.

What Is the Formula to Sum a Column in Google Sheets

Google Sheets uses pretty straightforward formulas to do any math operation you may need. Sometimes, you may even have more than one option.

The simplest formula to sum a column is the SUM function. This commonly used built-in function allows you to add any amount of numbers together quickly.

For example, you have a column of five numbers you want to sum, and they’re located in cells A1 to A5. The formula will look like this:

=SUM (A1:A5)

The = sign is an element you should always use with formulas in Google Sheets because it means you’re about to enter a function. After this, you should enter the name of the function, which in this case is SUM. It adds all the values from the range you will designate.

The parenthesis that follows the function name tells the program which cells need to be included in the formula. In this case, you will include the column letter and cell numbers in the parenthesis to mark the ones you want to add together.

To use this formula, you should type it in the cell where you want to see the results. When you’re done, press Enter and the sum will be displayed in the designated field.

Note that if you change the data in the cells you applied the formula to, the final result will also change to fit the new data.

To avoid adjusting the formula as you add new data, you can include empty cells, too. For example, if you only have data in cells A1-A5, and you want to sum the column as it is. But you know you’ll be adding more data in the future, so you can immediately set your formula like this:

=SUM (A1:A20)

This way, you won’t have to change the formula when you add new data later – the new values will automatically be added to the result.

If you’re not sure how many new cells you will fill with data, you can sum the entire column and not worry about adding new values. Each time you do it, it’ll be added to the total value without you needing to adjust the formula.

This is the formula to use:

=SUM (A:A)

Of course, you will type the appropriate letter, depending on the column you want to sum.

How to Sum a Column in Google Sheets on a Windows, Mac, or Chromebook PC

If you need to use Google Sheets on different devices, you’re in luck. The app is compatible with all types of PCs, mobiles, and tablets.

You may use different browsers to access Google Sheets, but the steps are the same no matter what kind of computer you’re using.

  1. Open the browser you typically use on your PC, Mac, or Chromebook.
  2. Open Google Sheets and open the desired file or click on Blank to open a new one.
  3. Click on a cell where you’d like to type in the formula.
  4. Enter the formula and the desired column you want to sum. It can be one column (A1:A20) or more (A1:C10).
  5. If you want to sum different columns, you can also click on the first cell you want to include and then drag the rectangle to the last one to select all the cells in between.
  6. When entering the formula, you will see the result in the desired cell, as soon as you type in the closing parenthesis and press Enter.

Another way to do this is to only enter the cell numbers you want to sum. To do so, you need to type in the data you want to add and then follow these steps:

  1. Navigate to the taskbar at the top.
  2. On the right, you’ll see the ∑ (the Greek letter sigma) sign. Click here and select the SUM formula from the drop-down menu.
  3. Enter the range of cells you’d like to add and press enter to sum the column.

How to Sum a Column in Google Sheets on the iPhone App

Google Sheets is also functional on mobile devices, which is great when you’re away from your computer, and you need to finish a task quickly.

If you’re an iOS user, here’s how to sum a column on the iPhone app:

  1. Open Google Sheets on your iPhone.
  2. Choose the desired spreadsheet or open a blank one.
  3. Enter the data or highlight the cells you want to sum.
  4. Navigate to the bottom, where you’ll see different options, such as sum, average, etc.
  5. Tap and hold on “sum” and drag the operation to the cell where you want the result to appear.
  6. Release to see the result.

How to Sum a Column in Google Sheets on an Android Device

Android users can also rely on their smartphones and tablets to calculate something on the go. If you need to use the SUM formula out of the office, or you simply don’t feel like turning on your computer to make a few clicks, here’s what to do:

  1. Launch the Google Sheets app on your Android device.
  2. Open a new spreadsheet or locate and launch the one you need to edit.
  3. Type in the necessary data or select the cells containing values you want to sum.
  4. At the bottom of your screen, there are different calculations to choose from: sum, minimum, maximum, and more.
  5. Tap on SUM, hold and drag the function to the desired cell.
  6. When you release the function, you will be able to see the result.

Take note that you can also enter the formula manually if, for any reason, you’re not able to drag it to the desired cell. This goes for both Android and iOS devices.

To do this, you need to tap the Enter text or formula field at the bottom and when your keyboard appears, just type in the formula. Select the cells you want to include by tapping on them, and they’ll be added to the formula automatically. When done, tap on the checkmark, and the result will display in the desired cell.

Being a Math Whiz with Google Sheets

Who knew math operations could be so simple?

With Google Sheets, you can effortlessly add large numbers in seconds, calculate averages, and do much more. Formulas enable you to sum different data and even entire columns. That way, you can stay on top of your tasks because you don’t have to waste your time doing all the work manually.

And the best thing about these functions is that the odds of you making a mistake are minimal.

Have you already tried the SUM function in Google Sheets? Share your experience in the comments section below.

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Google sheet allows you to use many functions on a data set. Functions are convenient mathematical operations that can convert raw data into usable information. One such function is the SUM function, which lets you sum up numeric data in a column.

Formula for the SUM Function

The SUM Function totals the values of specific cells, a particular row or column. To use the SUM function, you may use the following formula:

= SUM(A1: A5): Sums cells A1 through A5


=SUM(A1, A5): Sums cells A1 and A5

Here are a few things you should remember while using the SUM function:

1. The word SUM denotes the function name. The bracket () encapsulates the cells in a row or a column that contain the numeric data.

2. The cell reference before the ‘:’ denotes the cell from which the summation begins.

3. ‘:’ allows you to input a range of adjacent cells, and ‘,’ allows you to input non-consecutive cells.  

4. The cell after the semicolon denotes the cell where the summation ends.

3 ways to sum a column in Google Sheets

  • Method 1: Manually type the formula in the cell
  • Method 2: Using the Insert Function Option
  • Method 3: SUM a Column on a Cellular Device

Method 1: Manually type the formula in the cell

Step 1: Select the cell where you want your output to appear.

Step 2: Type =SUM(A1:A5). Replace the cell references with the range you want to sum. Note that you can also sum non-consecutive cells in a column. You can do this by separating the cell references with a comma (,). For instance, =SUM(A1,A5) would sum up only cells A1 and A5.

Step 3: Press ENTER and your output should now appear in the cell.

Method 2: Using the Insert Function Option

Step 1: Select the cell where you need the Sum Total to appear.

Step 2: Use the SUM Function in EITHER of the TWO WAYS:

  1. Go to the Insert button and select ‘FUNCTION’ and then select ‘SUM’. 


  1. Click on the summation sign (Σ) and then select the SUM Function. 

Step 3: Clicking on SUM will apply the formula to the cell, and you’ll see empty brackets on your screen. You’ll then need to supply the cell references to cells containing the values that you want to sum.

Step 4: To input a cell range, input the first cell (from where you want to start the sum). Then press the SHIFT + down arrow to select the adjacent cells below or above the first cell. This will allow you to select the cell range from a column that you want to sum up. 

To sum cells that don’t occur consecutively in a column, use the comma (,) separator. For instance, if you want to sum up cells A3, A7, and A8, you’d use =SUM(A2,A7,A8).

Step 5: Press ENTER to apply the function.

Method 3: SUM a Column in Google Sheets on a Cellular Device

If you want to sum a column while you’re on a cellular device, you could download the Google Sheets app. We’ll illustrate this method for an Android device, but the process is more or less the same for iOS devices as well.

Step 1: Download the Google Sheets app.

Step 2: Select the cells containing values.

Step 3: A list of functions should appear on the screen. Tap on the SUM function and drag it to the desired cell, or type the formula manually.

Step 4: Once you release the function, you’ll see the computed value.

A Summary of How the SUM Function Works

=SUM (33,78)Adds the numbers 33 and 78111
=SUM (“5”,15, True)Adds 5, 15, and 1. The text “5” is a number, and the value TRUE translates to the number ‘1’.21
=SUM(A4:A6)Adds the values in cells A4, A5, and A629
=SUM(A4:A6, 15)Adds the values in cells A4 through A6, and then adds 15 to that result.44
=SUM(A7,A8, 2)Adds the values in cells A7 and A8, and then add 2 to that result. Non-numeric values are not translated to numbers. So values in A7 and A8 translate to zero and the result is 2.2

Wrapping Up

Hopefully, you’re now in a better position to sum columns in Google Sheets. If you know of more ways to sum up a column, let us know in the comments section below.

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How to sum columns and rows - Google Sheets - Quick Tutorial

How to Sum a Column in Google Sheets (Easy Formula)

Adding some cells or a column is some of the most common things users do in Google Sheets.

If you have a column full of numbers, you can easily calculate the sum of the entire column (or a specific range in the column).

In this tutorial, I will show you how to use a simple formula to sum a column in Google Sheets.

Sum a Column using the SUM Function

Suppose you have the dataset as shown below and you want to get the sum of all the values in the column.

Column with values to Sum

Below is the formula that will give you the sum of all the values in the column:


SUM formula to add a range of cells

Enter this formula in cell A15 (or whichever cell where you want the sum of the column) and hit the enter key.

Google Sheets try to guess the range for you which you want to calculate the sum. When you enter the text =sum and then hit the tab key, Google Sheets will automatically select the range of cells that have the numbers.

Since this is a dynamic result, in case you change anything in any of the cells, the formula would automatically update.

While this works great, what if your data expands and you get new values that you need to be a part of the sum. While you can adjust the formula, there is a better way to make the formula dynamic.

Instead of just using the range that has the values, you include more cells that might get some additional data in the future.

In our example, I can use the below formula instead:


SUM function with extended range

Although cell A11 to A14 are empty as of now, these are still used in the formula. In case a value is added to these cells, the formula would automatically update to reflect these new values in the total sum.

Sum an Entire Column using the SUM Function

Another thing you can do when calculating the sum of all the values in a column is to include the entire column as a part of the formula.

For example, suppose you have the data as shown below and you want to add all the values in the entire column. At the same time, you want to make sure that in case any new value is added anywhere in the column, it’s also added to the total value.

Column with values to Sum

Below is the formula that will do this:


Sum an entire column

The above formula takes A:A as the input range, which represents the entire column.

Also, don’t worry about having any text value in the column, as text values are automatically ignored.

Note: For this to work, you need to enter the formula in a cell that is not in the same column. If you keep it in the same column, it would give a reference error as there would be a circular reference issue.

Remember that the SUM formula only adds those cells that have a numeric value. If there is any text, or of the number that has been formatted as text, it would be ignored.

So this is how you can use the SUM formula to get the total of a column in Google Sheets

I hope you found this tutorial useful!

Other Google Sheets tutorial you may like:


Sum column sheets

This post is about creating a total column in Google Sheets using an array formula. For that, you can depend on the functions MMULT, Query, or the ‘+’ Sign. All these can sum each row in Google Sheets. So creating a column that contains the total in each row is easy.

To sum values, as you may already know, you can use the SUM function. It takes an array but won’t return an array. I mean, it won’t give you an expanding array result.

That means, to sum each row in Google Sheets, you need to look for other functions or function combinations as mentioned above.

Note:- I am using function combinations in this tutorial. So I may not be able to explain every function involved in the combo. So please use my Google Sheets Functions Guide for reference.

To sum each row ‘manually’ in Google Sheets, you can use the below Sum formula in cell I2 and drag it down (see the GIF below).

Sum each row manually in Google Sheets

It’s not an array formula.

You can’t include the whole rows in a single formula this way.

That’s why I have entered the formula in a single cell and then copied it down.

Let me start with the best solution (array formula) to add a column with the total in each row in Google Sheets.

The Ultimate Solution to Sum Each Row in Google Sheets

We can take the above data for our example. I want to sum the columns C to H in each row.


Empty column I and in cell I1, enter the below MMULT formula. It is a flexible solution to sum each row in Google Sheets. It covers the range C2:H.

You can insert columns between C to H, and the above MMULT formula would include the values in that newly inserted columns to the total.

You can adapt this formula for your data range.

Inside the MMULT, you can include your columns to sum. But take care about the formula .

I have some text values in A2:A. I have used the Len function to limit the MMULT output to the last row containing a value in A2:A.

The above Len formula is equal to the below logical test. So you can use either of the ones.

See the same MMULT in a new data range to understand it even better. This time I am only using two-column data.

Sum each row in Google Sheets using MMULT array formula

MMULT is not the one and the only formula to sum values in multiple columns in each row.

Here are the alternative solutions, but not flexible.

The below formulas may not adjust the range to sum, in case you insert any new column between the range/array C2:H in the first example and B2:C in the second example.

How to Add Total Column Using Query in Google Sheets

You can very quickly add a total column to a range using Query.

I am using the same sample data which we have used in the first example here.

This formula in cell I1 will place a total column. Now let me show you why this formula is not flexible.

See, I have inserted a new column, and our range to sum is now C2:I.

Total column using Query and flexibility issue

If you try both the MMULT and Query, you can understand that the MMULT returns the correct total. The Query will fail in this case.

But Query has one advantage. If you want you can get multiple column output.

This formula will return a two-column output in which the first column will be the “Item Desc” and the second one the “Total” column.

You can specify the extra column that you want to include in the Select clause in Query.

Get an extra column with the total column

That doesn’t mean you can not include an additional column in MMULT. That is possible too but simple to do using Query.

Sum Each Row Using the ‘+’ Sign in Docs Spreadsheets

Here is one more array formula to get the total in each row. This formula is also for cell I1. It will also expand down.

When you insert a new column, you must edit this formula to include it. That means this follows the same flexibility issue that we have faced in Query.

There is one more dynamic formula to sum each row in Google Sheets.

That is using a database function which I have included in the first tutorial below.

Additional Resources:


How to total a column in Google Sheets - SUM, SUMIF, SUMIFS formulas

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