Toyota crown 1976

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Used Toyota Crown 1976 for sale (1 Result)

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In-Motion Classic: 1976 Toyota Crown (S80) Super Saloon – My Kingdom For A Crown

The other day, I fell in love. It was a sunny Saturday morning and I was moseying down the street for whatever reason. The traffic was bad, as it often is in our street. But there was more to it that day than the usual pickup trucks and pink taxis. There was CC royalty amid the riff-raff.

I not only found my phone, but it was charged. Thanks to the snail’s pace of traffic, I managed to get a few decent shots of this brown beauty. Yet another Crown, yes. I have written up this nameplateseveraltimesbefore, but there are so many to pick from. This was my first proper encounter with the fifth generation (S80 / S90 / S100) of the second half of the ‘70s. The Disco Crown.

Sure, the previous generation S60 “Kujira” Crown is more dramatic. It does overshadow the Crowns that preceded and followed to some extent. But this more conservative 1974-79 generation had a lot of class, especially in the metal and among present-day traffic.

I had caught a pristine 2600 Super Saloon, the most conservative of the Crown’s four body styles, in the second highest trim and with the largest engine. The S90 “Pillared Hardtop” and coupé (above) shared a more “Coke bottle” approach, while the more formal S80/S100 saloon and wagon (below) had a roomier greenhouse and straighter fenders.

This generation Crown was still exported to Europe, both cars above being a good example. It had a lot of success in Japan and the Asia-Pacific region in general, but it never made it to the US. Which is a blessing: just imagine how it would have looked with black botox bumpers.

It seems chauffeur-driven, as befits a glitzy, yet dignified and spotless 40-year-old Crown saloon. It’s like a mini Century. I’ve seen a few high-end saloons (Jaguar XJ6, Mercedes S-Class, etc.) of that era around town, manifestly still used by their original owners – always with a driver. The low, sleek saloon glided along silently past me. What a profile this car has! But the sculpting of the beltline reminded me of something…

Yes, yes, apples and oranges. Except one thing.


This Crown looked like it had one of the Citroën CX’s most effective features: a slightly arched double-dipping beltline, the lower end stretching from the very front to the rear doors and the higher end from the windshield to the tail. Given that both cars came out the same year and quite a world apart, this looks like a case of convergent evolution.

It’s a bit wasted on the Crown, though. Robert Opron used this on a streamlined fastback design, where it made a lot of sense. And the CX designer made sure the two beltlines were parallel. On the Crown, it just sits there, not really echoed by the rest of the car in any way. Like the horizontal crease (blue line) that should never have been there. But there’s a way to sort of fix that.

On our featured car, that superfluous blue line is almost cancelled out by the dark paintwork and the way the car is lit. It’s still there, but blends in better. So only very dark colours really work for the S80. It’s a shame and a missed opportunity, but it still makes for a much better profile than the Kujira, which nonetheless passed on quite a bit of its genes to our fifth generation. It would be difficult to guess which came first between the S80 or the S60.

Above: 4th gen. S60 “Kujira” (1971-75); below: 6th gen. S110 (1979-83)

Though I’m thoroughly won over by the S80 Crown, I’m not blind to its main faults. It’s a technological dinosaur in a wannabe-Detroit suit a couple sizes too big. The face and tail lack the S60’s weird madness, or the S40 / S50’s Sixties charm. But it sure beats the successive generations, starting with Crown number six above, which looks like a Lincoln Versailles that shrank in the wash.

OK, I’m being harsh, I take it back. But I do feel this fifth Crown was the last jewel this still-extant nameplate has had. Too bad I only managed to see it so briefly. It has an elegance that few Japanese cars (and even fewer American cars) attained in the cursed mid-‘70s. From the outside, it seemed a perfect size – pretty long but not too wide – and quite roomy inside. And in this country, it’s much easier to find and run these than a CX.

Congratulations, Toyota Crown S80 Super Saloon, you made it to my Bangkok fantasy garage. But there’s still a Kujira of a difference between that and reality.


Related post:

CC Capsule: 1975 Toyota Crown Super Saloon – Not So Far From Home, by JohnH875


  1. Drama monologues
  2. Plywood modular shelving
  3. 2006 corvette radiator
  4. La tanning sunset
  5. Pug bean bag

Toyota Crown

For the unrelated mid-size crossover SUV model sold in China as the "Crown Kluger" since 2021, see Toyota Crown Kluger (XU70). For the unrelated minivan model sold in China as the "Crown Vellfire" since 2021, see Toyota Crown Vellfire (AH30).

Motor vehicle

The Toyota Crown (Japanese: トヨタ・クラウン, Hepburn: Toyota Kuraun) is an automobile which has been produced by Toyota in Japan since 1955. It is currently a line of executive sedans primarily aimed at the Japanese market and sold in other Asian markets.

Introduced in 1955 as the Toyopet Crown, it has served as the mainstream sedan from Toyota in the Japanese market throughout its existence and holds the distinction of being the longest-running passenger-car nameplate affixed to any Toyota model, along with being the first Toyota vehicle to be exported to the United States in 1958. Its traditional competitors in Japan and Asia have been the Nissan Cedric/Gloria/Fuga and the Honda Legend, along with the defunct Mazda Luce, Isuzu Bellel and Mitsubishi Debonair.

Available at Toyota Store dealers in Japan, the Crown has been popular for government usage, whether as a police car or for transporting government officials. It has also been popular with Japanese companies as company cars along with use as a taxicab. While a base Crown was available for many years aimed at the taxicab market, the increasing opulence and price of the Crown line led to the creation of the Toyota Comfort in 1995 as a more affordable alternative. Outside Japan, the larger Lexus LS took over the role of Toyota's flagship sedan in 1989 in the company's global lineup.

In North America, the first through fourth generations were offered from 1958 through 1973.[2] It was replaced with the Toyota Corona Mark II. The Crown has also been partially succeeded in export markets by its closely related sibling, the Lexus GS, which since its debut in 1991 as the Toyota Aristo has always shared the Crown's platform and powertrain options. Later models of the GS and Crown have taken on a very strong aesthetic kinship through shared design cues.

The Crown's history and reputation has given it prominence in the Toyota lineup, as it is one of the few current Toyota models to carry its own unique insignia for the model line with the current Crown having a stylized crown emblem on the grille and steering wheel along with inspiring the names of its smaller progenitors. The Corona, introduced as a smaller companion to the Crown means "crown" in Latin and was initially exported as the "Tiara", while the Corolla took its name from the corolla ("small crown") in Latin. The Camry's name is derived from the Japanese phrase kanmuri (冠, かんむり) meaning "little crown" and the Toyota Scepter took its name from the sceptre, an accessory to a crown. The Avalon (the Crown's North American counterpart), while not named after a crown, is named after a mythical island from the legends of King Arthur.

Toyota's "Discover Crown Spirit Project" is a program in which Japanese Toyota dealers fully restore instances of every generation of the Crown to show that even the oldest Crown still works.[3]


Crown logo, used from twelfth to fourteenth generation model

The Crown was exported to the United States from 1958 to 1973.[2] Exports to Europe began in 1964 with the first cars going to Finland. Other European countries which saw early imports of the Crown included the Netherlands and Belgium. Canada sold the Crown from 1965 to 1973. The United Kingdom was another market until the early 1980s. It was also exported to Canada for a few years—1965–68. Australia was another important export market for the Crown—to the extent that it was manufactured there from the mid-1960s until the late 1980s using many local components.

The island nations of Aruba and Curaçao in the Southern Caribbean also imported the Toyota Crown starting from the second generation (S40) in 1965 in Curaçao up until importation of the 10th generation (S150) was discontinued in 1998 due to the high price and low demand combined with the introduction of the Lexus GS series.

Toyopet Crown - First generation (RS/S10/S20/S30; 1955)[edit]

Motor vehicle

Toyopet Crown - First generation (RS/S10/S20/S30)
Also calledToyopet Masterline (commercial models)
DesignerKenya Nakamura
Body style
LayoutFront-engine, rear-wheel-drive
  • 1,453 cc RI4 (RS, RS20)
  • 1,897 cc 3R I4 (RS30)
  • 1,491 cc Cdiesel I4 (CS20)
Wheelbase2,530 mm (99.6 in)
Length4,285 mm (168.7 in)
Width1,679 mm (66.1 in)
Height1,524 mm (60.0 in)
Curb weight1,152 kg (2,540 lb)

The Crown was introduced in 1955 in Japan to meet the demands of public transportation.[4] The Crown was intended for private purchase, while the Master served in a commercial form as a taxi, both with the same 1.5 L Type R engine used on their previous car, the Toyopet Super. The front doors open conventionally, and the rear doors are "suicide doors", a feature also utilized on the Toyota AA, Toyota's first car. Small engine displacements were used to keep the vehicle affordable, as the Japanese Government began to impose an annual road tax to help develop and maintain a national transportation infrastructure in 1950. The appearance of the Crown shows some similarities with the European Ford Versailles and Simca Vedette. The Toyota Patrol was a police car version of the 1955 Crown.

The Crown was much more popular than the Master due to the more compliant suspension of the Crown, and while the Master was intended for taxi service, the Crown was more accepted by the market over the Master, and more Crowns were sold into taxi service than the Master. The Crown was designed to replace the Super but Toyota was not sure if its independent front coil suspension and its suicide type rear doors were too radical for the taxi market to bear. So the Super was updated, renamed the Master and sold in tandem to the Crown, at Toyota Store locations. When sales of the Crown proved worthwhile, the Master was discontinued in November 1956 after being in production for only one year, and production facilities for the Master were transferred to the Crown.[5] While the Master was discontinued the commercial vehicle based thereon, the Masterline, continued to be offered (utilities, wagons and vans) until 1959. A six-door wagon known as the Airport Limousine was shown as a concept car at the 1961 Tokyo Motor Show. It did not go into production.

In December 1955, the Crown Deluxe (RSD) was introduced, a posher model equipped with a radio and heater as standard.[6] The initial RS model received a cosmetic update in 1958 to become the RS20, now with hooded headlights and a single-piece front windshield. In October 1959, Japan's first diesel-engine passenger car, the Crown Diesel, was introduced. Its C-series engine only had 40 PS (29 kW).[7] In October 1960, the 1.5 L R engine was complemented by the larger 1.9 L (1,896 cc) 3R engine for a model called the RS30, originally only available in the Deluxe version. The 1900 was also available with the new two-speed Toyoglide automatic transmission.[8] In April 1961, a Crown Standard 1900 was added.

Its coil and double wishbone independent front suspension[9] was a departure from the leaf sprung beam axle front suspension used on most previous models but was similar to the independent front suspension used on the 1947 Toyopet SA. The live axle rear suspension was similar to that used on most of the previous models (unlike the trailing arm rear suspension used on the SA). Taxi versions were produced and beginning in March 1959 commercial versions of the vehicle were also available, as an estate wagon and a three- or six-seat coupe utility.[10] These took over the "Toyopet Masterline" name in the Japanese domestic market, but usually received "Crown" badges in the export. The "Crown" name was previously in use by the Imperial limousine manufactured by Chrysler in the early 1950s.

In 1958, it introduced a ball joint suspension.[9] Production of the double-cab Masterline pickup (RR19) started in April 1957 by the former Central Motors.[11]

In August 1957, three Toyota delegates with the intent to establish a sales company in the United States introduced a white and black Crown and Crown Deluxe at a public relations event attended by dealers and the media.[12] Both models were constructed with 50% thicker steel than the average American car at the time and the black Deluxe model was nicely appointed with lots of chrome and luxurious items like a radio, heater and whitewall tires which prompted the press to liken it to a "baby Cadillac".[13] This promising initial showing along with the strong reputation of the Crown in Japan gave Toyota the confidence to pursue exports to the United States despite known high-speed performance issues.[12] As a publicity stunt to demonstrate the car's reliability, Toyota staged a campaign common to American automakers: a coast-to-coast endurance run from Los Angeles to New York. The Toyopet was barely able to limp into Las Vegas before the project had to be called off.[citation needed]

Toyota's first export to the United States began with 30 Crown Deluxes in June 1958 after establishing Toyota Motor Sales USA the previous October, the first directly managed retail dealer (Hollywood Toyota) the previous February, U.S. wholesale and import companies, and a parts warehouse in Long Beach.[12][14] Toyota also signs up 45 dealers to sell cars in its initial year, growing to 70 dealers by 1960 and 90 by 1962.[14] In the effort to obtain certification from the California Highway Patrol for the sale of the Crown in California, Toyota shipped the cars without headlights and installed General Electric sourced sealed beam units upon arrival which met the required standard for brightness.[12]

Since the car was designed for the muddy, slow, unpaved Japanese roads, it failed the mass urban landscape of the US because of its inability to keep up with traffic on the faster interstate highways, along with stability, noise and vibration concerns.[12][15] The car was also very rigid and heavy for its size at 2700 pounds. Motor Trend reported "The Toyopet is so rigid that jacking up one wheel at the rear bumper quickly lifted the other rear wheel". They also observed an average of 23.5 mpg combined city/highway for 407 miles.[16] To remedy the performance issues along with the resulting breakage of parts from being overly stressed, Toyota introduced the newer RS22L and the RS32L series Crown with the larger 3R engine and other improvements for high-speed driving in July 1960.[12]

For 1958, Toyota introduced the Crown in sedan form only (Standard and Deluxe) with a base price of $2187. Options included $94 AM radio and $75 whitewall tires. By comparison, an optioned up Crown was $32 more than the base Chevy Del Ray and $10 more than the Rambler Rebel V8 sedan.[16] Total sales for the initial year were 287.[14] For 1959, sales were again limited to only sedan models and despite a price boost to $2329 for the Deluxe model, sales more than tripled to 967 units.[14][16] For 1960, Toyota added a wagon body style ($2111 for the two-door, $2211 for the four-door) but in the midst of Detroit's Big Three compact cars (Ford Falcon, Chevy Corvair and Plymouth Valiant), sales fell to 659 units. For 1961, the Crown was being sold with the newer 3R engine and alongside the new smaller Tiara model with the Crown's outgoing 1.5L engine. Only the Custom sedan and wagon were offered ($1795 and $2080 respectively). Total sales for 1961 reached only 225 units, trailing off to 74 for 1962, and finally 28 for 1963.[14][16] Total sales for the Toyopet Crown RS series in the United States is 2,240.[16]

By the end of 1960, Toyota Motor Sales USA had accumulated 1.42 million dollars in losses from lackluster sales of the Crown. To prevent any further loss, all passenger car imports were suspended and new management structures were established to refocus all sales efforts on the Toyota Land Cruiser with profitability expected from selling 50 to 60 per month until the development of a new car suitable for the US market.[17]

In November 2000, Toyota released the Origin, a retro version of the RS series Crown to celebrate 100 million vehicles having been built in Japan.


  • Toyopet Masterline (rear)

  • 1962 Toyopet Crown 1900 3R I4 (RS30)

Toyopet Crown - Second generation (S40; 1962)[edit]

Motor vehicle

Toyopet Crown - Second generation (S40)
1967 Toyota Crown (MS45) sedan (15696855227).jpg

1967 Toyota Crown sedan (MS45, Australia)

Also calledToyota Crown
Body style
LayoutFront-engine, rear-wheel-drive
RelatedToyopet Masterline
  • 3-speed manual
  • 4-speed manual
  • 2-speed Toyoglide automatic
Wheelbase2,690 mm (105.9 in)
  • 4,610 mm (181.5 in)
  • 4,688 mm (184.6 in) (wagon)
  • 1,695 mm (66.7 in)
  • 1,670 mm (65.7 in) (wagon)
Height1,460 mm (57.5 in)
Curb weight
  • 1,265 kg (2,789 lb)
  • 1,354 kg (2,985 lb) (wagon)

Due to the introduction of the Corona, the dramatically restyled and enlarged Series S40 was launched in 1962, and saw the introduction of the Custom model. According to the Japanese Wikipedia article for the Crown, the styling was said to be influenced by the recently introduced Ford Falcon in 1960. The front grille approach has a similar appearance to the 1960 Imperial Crown (Chrysler), which speaks to Toyota's aspirations that the Crown be a large, comfortable sedan. The station wagon body style carried over from the previous generation Masterline, but with more attention to the luxurious approach used on the Crown.

Headlights were integrated within the boundaries of the greatly enlarged grille, providing a clean, modern appearance. A 2-speed automatic transmission was introduced, called Toyoglide, with a column shift. A bigger and better car than the previous S30 series, it initially had four-cylinder R-series engines before the addition of the "M" six-cylinder engine in 1965. Deluxe and Super Deluxe models were available with added features. The sedan and wagon were known simply as the Crown while the commercial vehicles (coupe utility, double cab coupe utility (pick ups), and van) were known as the Masterline. There was also a limited run of the sedan known as the Toyota Crown S (MS41S) which featured twin SU style carburettors on the 2.0L M in-line-six engine, sportier camshaft, sports instrumentation, sports suspension, four-speed floor shift, bucket seats, 14 inch wheels, disc brakes on the front and larger drum brakes in the rear.[9]

This Crown became the first Toyota to be exported to Europe, after the head of Denmark's Erla Auto Import A/S saw it at the Tokyo Motor Show. They brought in 190 of these subsequent to a May 1963 agreement.[21] In the US, the MS41L sedan was available in the US for $2,305.00 PoE while the MS46LG station wagon was available for $2,525.00 PoE. Some optional features include an automatic transmission for $160 and a radio for $60.

A two-door Crown Convertible was displayed at the 1963 Tokyo Motor Show, based on the Crown 1900 sedan. It was not put into production.

This Crown generation was the first to be assembled in Australia, from CKD kits, by AMI in Port Melbourne, with significant local content. AMI, which assembled numerous brands including Triumph and, for a short time, Mercedes-Benz, was to become the basis of Toyota's current Australian manufacturing operation.

  • Toyopet Masterline coupe utility (pick up)

Crown Eight (G10)[edit]

Motor vehicle

The longer, wider and more upmarket Crown Eight was introduced in 1964 for the Japanese market, powered by a 2.6 L V8 engine. However, it had a different model designation, G10 (VG10 when fitted by 2.6 L V engine). The car was first introduced at the 1963 Tokyo Motor Show and introduced for sale on April 20, 1964, nine days before Emperor Showa's birthday and the beginning of Golden Week in Japan.

The Crown Eight was developed and assembled by Toyota's subcontracting company Kanto Auto Works. Toyota delegated the production because the Crown Eight had many different components compared to the Crown, which could have hindered mass-production operations at the Motomachi plant as the Crown Eight's production volume was approximately 1,000 cars per year.[19]

The Crown Eight was designed primarily to replace full-sized American automobiles that were commonly used by major corporations. The Crown Eight represents the first Japanese mass-produced vehicle with an 8-cylinder engine. The main rivals at the time were the Prince Gloria Super, Mitsubishi Debonair, and Nissan Cedric Special, all equipped with a six-cylinder engine. It was the first Crown to exceed vehicle size classification regulations in length, width and engine displacement capacity. The width at 1,845 mm (72.6 in) compares to the Century at 1,890 mm (74 in), and as such no Crown before or since, including the Crown Majesta, has matched the width dimension of the Crown Eight until the year 2008 for Crown and 2009 for Majesta.

The Crown Eight was considered as a possible submission for use by the Japanese Imperial Household Agency as a car to be used by senior members of the Imperial House of Japan, but it lost out to the Nissan Prince Royal. The Crown Eight was replaced in 1967 by the first Century with the model code VG20. Approx 3,800 Crown Eights were produced. Some of the items that were exclusive to the Crown Eight were climate control, automatic headlamps, electrically powered windows, electric cruise control, a three-speed "Toyoglide" automatic transmission, and electromagnetic door latches, which were also installed on the Crown Eight successor, the Century.[22]

Toyopet Crown - Third generation (S50; 1967)[edit]

Motor vehicle

Toyopet Crown - Third generation (S50)

Toyota Crown Super Deluxe (S50, Japan)

Also calledToyota Crown
Body style
LayoutFront-engine, rear-wheel-drive
  • 3-speed manual (optional O/D)
  • 4-speed manual
  • 2-speed automatic
  • 3-speed automatic
Wheelbase2,690 mm (105.9 in)[24]
  • 4,665 mm (183.7 in) sedan
  • 4,585 mm (180.5 in) hardtop
  • 4,690 mm (184.6 in) wagon
Width1,690 mm (66.5 in)
  • 1,445 mm (56.9 in) sedan
  • 1,465 mm (57.7 in) wagon
Curb weight1,305 kg (2,877 lb) sedan

Launched in 1967, the mechanicals were much the same as the previous generation, but additional equipment was included. Higher specification models used the 2.0-liter M engine or the 2.3-liter 2M engine. A premium level Super Saloon joined the Super Deluxe model, and was available with the 2M engine including twin carburettors, electric windows, rear seat radio controls, air conditioning and luxury fabric on the seating including the Crown logo embossed into the vinyl. Lower specified models were equipped with the R-series four-cylinder engines. Crown vehicles meant for commercial use had received the Masterline nameplate until the introduction of this generation; they were now badged "Crown" as well. However, this generation was the last to be offered in an entire line of commercials - from the next generation on, the only commercial-use model available was the Crown Van, whose bodywork was also used for the Wagon models. Crown Double-Cab pickups were produced by the former Central Motor Co., Ltd. until December 1970.[11]

When the 1967 S50 series Crown was introduced to Japan, television commercials used Japanese actor Satoshi Yamamura, who among his many roles on stage, movie, and television, portrayed Fleet AdmiralIsoroku Yamamoto in the 1970s movie Tora! Tora! Tora! Yamamura would serve as the Crown spokesman for 16 years, introducing subsequent new generations of Crown products until 1983.[citation needed]

Toyota Crown Super Saloon

The Crown range now included the four-door station wagon, pick-up (rare), double cab pick-up (very rare) and the new two-door hardtop "personal luxury car". In September 1968 the option of power steering was added.[25] In 1969 the Crown received a facelift for the headlight, grill and trim arrangement. The Crown S used the two-litre 'six', but due to sportier tuning it produced more power than the larger 2M, 125 PS (92 kW) at 5,800 rpm versus 115 PS (85 kW) at 5,200 rpm.[24] The commercial versions were fitted with the six-cylinder "M" engine (M-C) produce 105 PS (77 kW), while the four-cylinder 5R had to make do with 93 PS (68 kW).[26] This generation was the only one to use a double-hinged tailgate, as the next generation converted to an overhead-lifting hatchback door.

Crowns that were equipped with the 2,253 cc 2M engine were no longer classified as compact cars under Japanese vehicle size classification regulations, even though the length and width were still in compliance. Toyota offered the larger engine so that buyers who were traditionally served by the Crown could now choose the all-new Corona Mark II in 1968. This allowed Toyota to reposition the Crown as the top level privately available luxury sedan, with much nicer interior treatments, more spacious accommodations. This was the last generation for the pick-up versions of the Crown, as load carrying was ceded to the new Toyota Hilux in February 1971.

Australian market models were assembled in Australia by Australian Motor Industries.[23] This generation was imported fully assembled into New Zealand from 1968 to 1971.[citation needed] Notable features on the wagon were:

  • 7 or 8-passenger seating (two on front buckets or three on a bench seat, three on a rear bench seat and 2 on a fold up cargo seat),
  • a powered rear window,
  • a side swing tailgate.
  • Crown S50 Utility Pick-up

  • 1969 Custom Wagon, showing side hinged tailgate

Fourth generation (S60/S70; 1971)[edit]

Motor vehicle

Fourth generation (S60/S70)
1973-1975 Toyota Crown (MS65) SE sedan (2015-12-07) 01.jpg

1973–1975 Toyota Crown SE sedan (MS65, Australia)

ProductionFebruary 1971–September 1974[27]
Body style
LayoutFront-engine, rear-wheel-drive
Wheelbase2,690 mm (105.9 in)
Length4,680 mm (184.3 in)
Width1,690 mm (66.5 in)
Height1,420 mm (55.9 in)
Curb weight1,290–1,360 kg (2,844–2,998 lb)

Launched in February 1971, the 4M 2600 engine was introduced with this generation, as was the luxurious Super Saloon trim level, followed by the Super Deluxe and Deluxe. The top of the line Royal Saloon was first introduced in the face-lifted Crown from 1973, adding luxury features from the Century limousine. The 2.0-liter 5R inline-four engine and the 2.0-liter M six-cylinder engine were also available. As for the previous generation, the M-C engine (in Japanese specifications) has 105 PS (77 kW; 104 bhp), while the 5R's output increased somewhat to 98 PS (72 kW; 97 bhp).[29][30] In some markets the previous 2.3 litre "2M" six remained available, in sedan or "utility wagon" forms. The Utility Wagon was a version halfway between commercial and passenger car, and had chassis codes MS67V until the early 1973 facelift when it was replaced by the MS68V with the 2.6 engine.[31]

Previous generations of the Crown had been marketed under the Toyopet name but the fourth-generation model was the first version to be officially known worldwide as the Toyota Crown.[32]

The Sedan and Wagon (Custom) are coded RS60/MS60/MS64/MS65 and MS62/MS63, while the Van was coded MS66V with the two liter "six". The Hardtop Coupé is MS70 (2.0-liter), or MS75 (2.6-liter). The Japanese market Crown Custom (Wagon) was classified as a seven-seater.[30] This generation was the first Crown marketed as a Toyota in Japan, as previous models were marketed as Toyopets. Also, in Japan, this model was known as the "whale" or "kujira" Crown.

In 1973, Japanese television commercials introduced Japanese actress Sayuri Yoshinaga as a co-spokeswoman, joining Satoshi Yamamura, and together they appeared in commercials until 1983.[citation needed]

While the domestic market Hardtop has rectangular halogen headlights, all export models come with twin round headlights. This model achieved few sales in the US, possibly due to its styling with flush bumpers, called "spindle-shaped" in period marketing.[29] Only the first two years were imported to the US, where it was the last Crown to be sold. The Corona Mark II, replaced the Crown in North America.

The trunk could be opened remotely by turning the ignition key to the far left, and a button on the floor caused the radio to engage the signal seeking feature. A separate signal seeking feature was installed for rear seat passengers, installed behind the front seat facing the rear seat compartment. The 60-series Crown underwent a facelift in January 1973.[31]

Australian models were assembled in Australia by AMI.[citation needed] It was available in New Zealand fully imported from 1971 to 1973, with local assembly beginning at Steels Motor Assemblies, who also built the Corona, not long before the mid-life facelift, improving availability. Steels subsequently became Toyota NZ's Christchurch CKD assembly plant.[citation needed]

  • Super Saloon sedan (Japan)

  • Sedan (facelift; Australia)

Fifth generation (S80/S90/S100; 1974)[edit]

Motor vehicle

Launched in 1974 in Japan, export began from 1975. It was offered as four-door sedan, two-door hardtop coupe, four-door hardtop sedan, wagon, and van. Engines are 2.0- and 2.6-liter gasoline. The 2.2-liter diesel was introduced in October 1977.[33] Trim levels are Standard, Deluxe, Super Saloon, and Royal Saloon.

Toyota Crown Super Deluxe in Japan.

The Royal Saloon came in a longer body length, coupled with the 2.6L engine while lower trim levels were in the shorter body style and 2.0 L engines. Export models used the same body whether the two-litre 5R four-cylinder or the 2.6-litre 4M inline-six. In Europe, these models claimed 87 and 112 PS (64 and 82 kW) respectively.[34]

Minor change was given in 1978. This version of the Crown saw the introduction of disc brakes at both the front and rear axles with anti-lock brakes, speed sensitive power steering, and a 4-speed automatic transmission with overdrive. Originally, sedans and wagons had S80-series chassis numbers, while the two- and four-door hardtops received the S90-series chassis numbers. After 1976 and concurrent with the introduction of new stricter emissions regulations, all Japanese market Crowns used S100-series chassis numbers. Export models continued to use the previous codes.[35]

Initially available with the "old style" 4M engine with rounded valve cover, later models switched to the new 4M engine with rectangular valve cover. This generation also saw the introduction of fuel injection on both the 2.6-liter 4M and the 2.0-liter M engines, coupled with Toyota's TTC-C technology, adding a catalytic converter to the exhaust system. The emissions controlling technology badge helped identify which vehicles had reduced emissions tax liability. Select models also were available with four-wheel disc brakes and twin piston calipers on the front brakes. The models installed with the diesel engine was exclusive to Toyota Diesel Store locations.

The Hardtop Sedan model has a front chrome grill and square headlights, but was no longer considered a true hardtop, due to the inclusion of a "B" pillar. The styling differences between the hardtop and sedan four-door models was that the side windows on the hardtop were frameless, and the rear window was sloped more than the formal appearing sedan. This series Crown in the Royal Saloon trim package exceeded length regulations of 4.7 m set forth by Japanese regulations by 65 mm, but Toyota continued to offer a 2.0 L engine in a shorter vehicle for buyers who were looking for better fuel economy over the larger six-cylinder engines, and reduced road tax liability.

New Zealand models were assembled in New Zealand but on an SKD basis - which meant it had more Japanese content (such as glass) than earlier CKD versions. It was the last Crown built in New Zealand and was replaced in 1979 by the Cressida (Mark II), which was available with a four-cylinder engine. The oil crises of 1973/4 and 1979/80 had led the government to impose a 60 percent sales tax on larger engines, and the Crown could no longer be priced to suit its market.[citation needed] This generation Crown was imported fully built-up to Australia, and only available with the largest 2.6-liter six-cylinder engine. It was never a strong seller in Australia, offering less performance and roadholding than the domestic competitors from Ford and Holden.[36]

  • S80 series Crown Hardtop Super Saloon

  • S80 series Crown station wagon

Sixth generation (S110; 1979)[edit]

Motor vehicle

Sixth generation (S110)
110 crown supersaloon.jpg
Body style
LayoutFront-engine, rear-wheel-drive
  • 3/4-speed automatic
  • 3/4/5-speed manual
Wheelbase2,690 mm (105.9 in)
  • 4,860 mm (191.3 in) (Royal Saloon)
  • 4,690 mm (184.6 in)
  • 1,715 mm (67.5 in) (Royal Saloon)
  • 1,690 mm (66.5 in)
Height1,410 mm (55.5 in)
Curb weight1,500 kg (3,307 lb)

Launched in 1979, this model had the engine upgraded from the 2.6 L to 2.8 L 5M-EU model. The 2-liter M was still on offer along with a turbocharged version—the M-TEU. The carburated 5M engine was also available in certain markets. In this series the model designation referred to the engine size — MS110 (2-liter), MS111 (2.6-liter), MS112 (2.8-liter). This was the last generation to install a four-cylinder, gasoline-powered engine. This model was the first generation Crown to be sold in Germany, beginning in 1980.[35] The fuel injected 2.8 developed 145 PS (107 kW) in European trim, while the 2.2 diesel offered 66 PS (49 kW) and a choice of five-speed manual or an automatic (not in the Station Wagon).[37] European sales started out at a respectable level, but with prices increasing at an alarming rate due to the appreciation of the yen, sales had dropped drastically by 1982.[38]

Early models have twin rectangular headlights, while facelift models come with bigger monoblock headlights. Domestic market Royal Saloons use the large rectangular headlights. Lower grades Van and Taxi models adopted round headlights. Royal Saloon features longer bumpers and bigger engines, which were placed in a larger road tax classification according to Japanese Government dimension regulations. The first Crown Turbo was launched in October 1980 for Japanese market only. Offering the 2.0 L engines was for buyers who didn't want to pay the large car tax, while offering better fuel economy than the larger engines. The turbo also provided a benefit in increasing fuel efficiency while reducing tailpipe emissions as Japanese consumers pay a tax on the amount of regulated substances being sent into the atmosphere from a Japanese law passed in the 1970s.

In some export markets, such as Southeast Asia, the larger six-cylinder engines came fitted with carburettors. In those specs, the 2.6 offered 110 PS (81 kW) SAE net while the 2.8 claimed 128 PS (94 kW) DIN or 120 SAE net.[39] Sales in Indonesia were low and this generation was not replaced there in 1984, when the 120-series Crown appeared.[40]

This generation is the last for the two-door hardtop coupé bodystyle, which was replaced by the Soarer. Reflecting a popular styling appearance during the 1970s, the coupé was fitted with a padded vinyl roof and "opera windows" for a luxurious appearance. Some of the options that became available were an Electronic compass, glass moon roof, power drivers seat, cruise control, electronic stereo tuner, and two-tone paint. Automatic climate control also appeared on this vehicle with separate controls installed for rear seat passengers as well as a rear-mounted mini fridge cooled by the separate rear seat air conditioning unit. The 2.4-liter turbo diesel appeared in August 1982.

  • Crown Sedan 2.0 Standard (Taxi, Japan)

  • S110 series Crown hardtop coupé

  • S110 series Crown 4-door hardtop Super Saloon

Seventh generation (S120; 1983)[edit]

Motor vehicle

Seventh generation (S120)
S120 CROWN SD 1.jpg

Toyota Crown Royal Saloon (S120, Japan)

Body style
LayoutFront-engine, rear-wheel-drive
Wheelbase2,720 mm (107.1 in)
  • 4,860 mm (191.3 in) (Royal Saloon)
  • 4,690 mm (184.6 in)
  • 1,720 mm (67.7 in) (Royal Saloon)
  • 1,695 mm (66.7 in)
Height1,400–1,515 mm (55.1–59.6 in)
Curb weight1,410–1,875 kg (3,109–4,134 lb)

Launched in 1983, this model used all three versions of the 5M 2.8L engine: the carburetted 5M version, the single overhead cam (SOHC) multi-point fuel-injected 5M-E version, and the double overhead cam (DOHC) 5M-GE. Other engines included the 1G-GE 2.0L DOHC, M-TE 2.0L single overhead cam (SOHC) Turbo, M-E 2.0L SOHC, 2L-TE 2.4L SOHC Turbo Diesel Ceramics Power or 2.4L SOHC Diesel Ceramics Power engines. All 2.0 L engines were installed with T-VIS (Toyota Variable Induction System). In September 1985, a supercharged version of the 2-liter G-series six replaced the turbocharged M-series.

Base versions use the new 2-liter 1G-E engine which replaced the old 2-liter version of the M series. The "van" version of the station wagon (the GS126V as well as the GS136V in the following series) used its own unique variant of this motor (the 1G-EJ). In Japan, taxi and commercial versions were also available with an LPG-powered four-cylinder engine (the 3Y) which was even offered with a three-speed, column-shifted manual. A petrol-fueled version of this engine was available in some European and "general" export markets.

Toyota Crown Standard sedan with round headlights

S120 series Crown hardtop Super Saloon Extra

Rear of a 1984 Crown Royal Saloon 2.8i (Australia)

The lower-grade models were available with Toyota's F292 live axle rear suspension while the rest introduced 4-wheel independent suspension branded as PEGASUS (Precision Engineered Geometrically Advanced Suspension) on the Crown for the first time, with TEMS installed on the Royal Saloon sedan and hardtops, coupled with Toyota's ECT electronically controlled four-speed automatic transmission, and 4ESC anti-lock brakes.

The S120 was available in Hardtop sedan (frameless door glass), sedan and wagon versions but in two different exterior dimensions for length and width, with the Royal Saloon hardtop and sedan only offered in the larger body.

The top-trim package was called the Royal Saloon, followed by Super Saloon Extra, Super Select for hardtop bodystyles, followed by the Royal Saloon sedan, Super Saloon Extra sedan, and the wagon came only as Super Saloon Extra.

The Super Saloon Extra and Royal Saloon versions were packed with features such as dual-zone climate control, AM/FM cassette stereo with six acoustically matched speakers, combined with a separate rear cassette stereo with headphones, with dashboard-installed integrated CD player, and separate A/C and stereo control buttons installed in the rear armrest, parcel shelf mounted refrigerator, automatic headlights, reading lamps for all outboard seating positions, electrically adjusted tilt and telescoping steering column combined with a steering wheel and seat memory feature, glovebox mounted courtesy mirror among many things, while the slightly lower trim package Super Select was more modestly equipped.

One distinctive styling feature of this generation was the use of a clear panel with patterned backing for the C-pillar trim on the sedans. For the Japanese market only, Toyota made the 190 PS (140 kW) Twincam 12-valve 3.0-liter 6M-GE available on the Royal Saloon for the mid-cycle update. This engine is a popular swap for 5M-GE powered Supras and Cressidas of the same period.

This was the last generation Crown to be commonly available in European markets. The fuel injected 2.8-liter engine in European trim produces 170 PS (125 kW) at 5600 rpm and had identical specifications to the Supra sold there at the time.[41] Swiss buyers, however, had to make do with the single-cam 140 PS (103 kW) 5M-E engine due to their particular emissions restrictions.[42]

For general export markets such as Southeast Asia and the GCC countries, the carburetted 5M engine was also available. This version produces 128 PS (94 kW) at 5000 rpm and was even available with a four-speed manual transmission.[43] For the even more frugal buyer, the carburetted OHV3Y engine with 88 PS (65 kW) at 4600 rpm was also on offer.[44]

Eighth generation (S130; 1987)[edit]

Motor vehicle

Eighth generation (S130)

Pre-facelift Toyota Crown 2.0i Super Saloon (GS131, Indonesia)

Also calledSaibeijian Crown (China)
Great Wall CC1020S (China)[45]
Body style
LayoutFront-engine, rear-wheel-drive
  • 4-speed manual
  • 5-speed manual
  • 4-speed automatic
Wheelbase2,730 mm (107.5 in)
  • 4,690 mm (184.6 in) (narrow-body)
  • 4,800 mm (189.0 in) (wide-body)
  • 4,860 mm (191.3 in) (Royal Saloon G)
  • 1,695 mm (66.7 in) (narrow-body)
  • 1,720–1,750 mm (67.7–68.9 in) (wide-body)
  • 1,400–1,450 mm (55.1–57.1 in) (sedan/hardtop)
  • 1,515–1,550 mm (59.6–61.0 in) (wagon/van)
Curb weight1,330–1,690 kg (2,932–3,726 lb)

Launched in 1987. Body style: sedan, hardtop and wagon, including a van model for commercial uses. This model used the 7M-GE 3000 cc DOHC, 1G-GZE 2000 cc DOHC supercharger, 1G-GE 2000 cc DOHC, 1G-E 2000 cc, 2L-THE 2400 cc SOHC Turbo Diesel Hi-Power (automatics), 2L-TE 2400 cc SOHC Turbo Diesel (with manual transmission) or 2L 2400 cc SOHC naturally aspirated diesel engine. The 4.0-liter 1UZ-FE, the same engine as in Lexus LS400, later became available in the Royal Saloon G, which became the Toyota Crown Majesta with the next generation Crown. The air suspension-equipped Royal Saloon G was also available with the 3-liter inline-six engines. Due to the different suspension, the Royal Saloon G carries a different model code (MS137 versus MS135 for the coil sprung models). The better equipped models receive an independent semi-trailing arm rear suspension, while the simpler versions (including all wagons and vans) have live rear axles located by trailing links. These versions receive different chassis numbers (GS130 versus GS131, for instance).

In 1988, it became the first Toyota available with an airbag.[46]

Although a totally different chassis and body, the S130 shares styling cues with the X80 Cressida. In 1989, the top level Royal Saloon G introduced world's first CD-ROM-based automotive navigation system,[47] with color CRT display.[48] Also, TRC traction control and electronically controlled shock absorbers called TEMS (shared with the first generation Toyota Soarer) were adopted. This Crown was sold only in Japan, the Middle East, the Caribbean, and select Asian markets. Some export markets received the older 2.8 liter SOHC inline-six, either carburetted or fuel injected. For general countries, only with left-hand drive and a four-speed manual transmission, the 2.2-liter inline-four 4Y engine was also available.[49]

In September 1988, a narrow-angle twin-cam version of the two-liter inline-six engine (the 1G-FE) replaced the two-valve 1G-E in most applications, although the lower cost model continued to be available in commercial models until September 1989. In August 1989, the Crown received a light facelift, with more aerodynamic design front and rear, incorporating new bumpers. This was also when the 4-litre V8-engined Royal Saloon G was introduced, using the same engine which was to appear in the Lexus LS400 within a month. The LPG-powered M engine was replaced with the more powerful 1G-GP version at the same time, while the four-cylinder 3Y engine received fuel injection.

In August 1990, a version of the supercharged 2.0 model fitted with the bigger body of the 3.0 was added to the lineup (GS131H). This car was placed in a much higher tax bracket than the narrower-bodied versions. Such cars have different license plates than more compact cars and are therefore considered prestigious, if expensive. This was also when the new 2.5-litre 1JZ-GE engine was introduced as the 2500 Royal Saloon, available as a Sedan, Hardtop, or Wagon, replacing the earlier 2-litre Royal Saloon model. A few LPG-powered models were also available for commercial uses, using two-litre engines with either four or six cylinders.[50] In October 1991, a large-bodied variant of the turbodiesel sedan was presented.

Station wagons were considered separate from the commercial van models in Japan. They were originally equipped with the 2-liter 1G-FE six, or as a supercharged "Royal Saloon" wagon. The 2.4 turbodiesel was also available. As of August 1990, the 2.5-liter 1JZ-FE was also made available in the station wagon lineup.

  • Toyota Crown Hardtop Royal Saloon (Japan)

  • Toyota Crown Hardtop Royal Saloon (Japan)

  • Toyota Crown Hardtop Royal Saloon G V8 (UZ131, Japan)

  • Toyota Crown Hardtop Royal Saloon G V8 (UZ131, Japan)

  • Toyota Crown Sedan 2.0i Royal Saloon (Indonesia)

  • Toyota Crown Sedan 2.0i Royal Saloon (Indonesia)

  • Crown Royal Saloon Hardtop (1991 JZS131)

Facelift (1991–1999)[edit]

In August 1991, when the Crown hardtop was redesigned and became the S140 series, the Crown sedan and wagon and van were also restyled but retained the S130 model code. At this point the 1JZ-GE and 2JZ-GE engines replaced the M-series in-line-six engines for the Crown lineup, as well as some of the supercharged G-series models. The Standard Sedan for Taxi and base model Wagon feature round headlights and chrome bumpers. The taxi is powered by 2.4-liter diesel engine matched to 4-speed column-mounted manual transmission. In Hong Kong and Singapore, the Crown Sedan with the diesel engine was the most common vehicle used as taxis.

The Crown Royal Saloon, meanwhile, was an exclusive car. In October 1991, the supercharged model was discontinued. In December 1995, the sales of sedan model was stopped for the Japanese market.[51] In September 1996, the 1JZ-GE 2.5-liter engine received VVT-i, which led to the power jumping from 180 to 200 PS (132 to 147 kW). The sales of the wagon and van were stopped in December 1999.[51]

In 1993, Great Wall was able to make clones of the S130 under the name CC1020S.[52] GW made a station wagon variant, known as CC6470, and a crew cab version also known as CC1020S.[45] A longer station wagon version is also made, based on the BJ212 chassis.[45]

  • Facelift model Crown Sedan Diesel for Taxi (YS130) with round headlights.

  • Toyota Crown Deluxe used by JGSDF

  • Toyota Crown Royal Saloon (JZS133, Indonesia), 3 stripes grill.

  • Toyota Crown 3.0 Royal Saloon (JZS133, Indonesia)

  • Toyota Crown Royal Saloon (Japan), 4 stripes grill.

  • Toyota Crown Royal Saloon (Japan)

  • Toyota Crown sedan (China), 5 stripes grill.

  • Toyota Crown Royal saloon wagon (Japan)

  • Toyota Crown Royal Saloon wagon (Japan)

  • Toyota Crown Van Super Deluxe (Japan)

Indonesian assembly (1989–2000)[edit]

This generation marked the return of the Crown to Indonesia in 1989, where it had not been sold regularly since 1984 when it was replaced by GX71 Cressida.[53][54] This car was assembled locally by Toyota Astra Motor. It was originally sold with the two-liter 1G-FE inline-six engine (GS131). Two trim levels were available, 2.0i Super Saloon with 5-speed manual transmission and 2.0i Royal Saloon with 4-speed automatic transmission. It received major facelift in 1992 and continued to be built after 1995 when the sedan was replaced in Japan. Also in 1995, The 2.0 was replaced with a 2JZ-GE 3-liter engine.[54] Unique for Indonesia, the Crown 3.0 Super Saloon trim was combined with a 5-speed manual transmission,[53] while the more expensive 3.0 Royal Saloon was available with a 4-speed automatic transmission. The production of S130 Crown in Indonesia was stopped in 2000.[53]

Saibeijian Crown[edit]

While the S130 Crown was officially sold by Toyota in China, there was also a rebadged S130 Crown sold as Saibeijian Crown by Datong Saibeijian Auto Works at the same time. This brand also rebadged numerous cars such as Toyota Previa, Honda Accord, Nissan Sunny and Honda Odyssey.[55]

In the early 1980s, the numbers of imported cars in China increased dramatically, despite the high import tax. China's consumer spending was getting out of the control and created a severe trade deficit. Customs duties on imported goods were raised in March 1985 and a new "regulatory tax" was added a few months later. By the fall of 1985, a two-year moratorium on nearly all vehicle imports was imposed.[56] While limiting imports, China also tried to increase local production by boosting the various existing joint-venture passenger car production agreements, as well as adding new ones. But the unclear definition of "car production in China" at that time, inspired the local entrepreneurs to use this loophole.[57]

These rebadged cars were actually fully imported cars from Japan and then were shipped to Hong Kong but without tires, mirrors and door handles to be classified as "car parts" and avoiding 60-80% import tax.[57] The remaining parts were also shipped from Japan to Hong Kong and was assembled as a full car at Guangdong.[57] But to be able to sell these cars, this Guangdong-based company need a government approved local automobile brand. The company then made a business deal with Shanxi-based small bus manufacturer, Datong Saibeijian Auto Works, to use their licensed brand for selling these cars and one of them was the Saibeijian Crown.[57]

This was barely concealed smuggling. This made both the real joint ventures that invested so much money and the Chinese government that lost their income from the import tax unhappy. This led the government arresting more than 200 government, customs and law enforcement officials on the southern Guangdong area around Zhanjiang on September 8, 1998. This affair was known as "9898 smuggling case", the largest mainland smuggling racket of the last 50 years. The state's lost revenue was estimated around ¥30 billion from the illegal import of thousands of tonnes of crude oil, steel, cars and other manufactured goods.[58]

Ninth generation (S140; 1991)[edit]

Motor vehicle

Ninth generation (S140)
1993 Crown Royal Touring S140 (cropped).jpg
Body style4-door hardtop
LayoutFront-engine, rear-wheel-drive
  • 4-speed automatic
  • 5-speed automatic
Wheelbase2,730 mm (107.5 in)
  • 4,800 mm (189.0 in) (Royal Saloon)
  • 4,690 mm (184.6 in)
  • 1,750 mm (68.9 in) (Royal Saloon)
  • 1,695 mm (66.7 in)
Height1,440 mm (56.7 in)
Curb weight1,620 kg (3,571 lb)

Launched in 1991, this model of Toyota Crown departed from the traditional styling of previous models, and introduced the new Royal Touring trim level. The new hardtop model carried the S140 chassis designation, while the refreshed Crown sedan and wagon still kept the S130 chassis from the previous generation Crown. Engine options used in the hardtop model were the 2JZ-GE 3000cc DOHC, 1JZ-GE 2500cc DOHC, and the 2L-THE diesel 2400cc SOHC engine. The 1G-FE 2000cc DOHC engine was carried over from the eighth generation for use in the sedan and wagon models. Transmission options were an optional five speed transmission dubbed "5ECT-i" used with the 2JZ-GE, a four speed "ECT-i" transmission used with the 2JZ-GE, and a four speed "ECT" transmission for the 1JZ-GE, 2L-THE, and 1G-FE equipped vehicles.

For the ninth-generation Crown, the Super Edition trim level was removed, and the Super Saloon trim became the entry-level trim. A new trim level was introduced, called Royal Touring, meant to be a mid-tier model with the option of both the 2JZ-GE and 1JZ-GE. The trim levels for the S140 hardtop are Super Select, Super Saloon Extra, Royal Touring, Royal Saloon, and Royal Saloon G. The Royal Saloon G trim kept all of the luxurious options of the previous generation including a fully digital gauge cluster, GPS navigation, and more safety equipment than other trim levels. As with the previous generation, the air suspension-equipped Royal Saloon G has a different model code (JZS145 versus JZS143 for the coil sprung model).

Styling was largely changed from the S130 generation. The design had shifted to a more curved front and rear end, and removed the Crown badges from the C-pillars which had been on previous models. A brand new taillight design was introduced, which was a curved, wrap-around design. The front end styling was influenced from the UCF10 Toyota Celsior which was released two years prior to the S140 Crown hardtop. Because of the new rear-end styling moving away from the traditional separate, squared taillights, the design was negatively received. This caused sales and popularity to be much lower than its rivals, the Nissan Cedric and Gloria, as well as the previous generation Crown.

In January 1993, a special-edition model was released, called the Prestige Saloon series for the Royal Saloon G and the Royal Saloon trims, and the Owners Prestige series for the Royal Touring trim. This special model included new chrome door handles and an all-chrome grill.

Later in 1993, a facelift model was released. The rear design went back to that of the S130 type Crown which was more favorably received. Other changes included restoring the Crown emblems to the C-pillars, a further revised front grill, front bumper, and rear bumper. This newly revised Crown was well received over the previous styling, and was able to win back some sales for the ninth-generation Crown.

Even after the facelift styling in late 1993, the ninth-generation Crown was labeled a failure in Japan compared to other generations and its rivals. Because of the lower sales volume, car recycling for tax incentive in Japan, and the export of used examples to other countries, the ninth-generation Crown has become difficult to find within Japan.

  • Side profile, pre-facelift model

  • Facelift Crown Hardtop Royal Saloon in Japan

Tenth generation (S150; 1995)[edit]

Motor vehicle

Tenth generation
1997-1999 Toyota Crown Royal Saloon.jpg
  • 1995–1999 (Hardtop)
  • 1995–2001 (Sedan)
AssemblyJapan: Toyota, Aichi (Motomachi plant)
Body style
  • 4-speed automatic
  • 5-speed manual
  • 5-speed automatic
Wheelbase2,780 mm (109.4 in)
  • 4,820 mm (189.8 in)
  • 4,690 mm (184.6 in) (2.0 L)
  • 1,760 mm (69.3 in)
  • 1,695 mm (66.7 in) (2.0 L)
Height1,425 mm (56.1 in)

The 150-series Crown had boxier styling than the previous generation and was built as a sedan and hardtop (frameless door window) only. This was the first Crown to not be built using body-on-frame construction, adopting the unibody construction introduced with the 140-series Majesta. The wagon retained the old S130 chassis until 1999. Trim levels for Hardtop are Royal Extra, Royal Saloon, Royal Saloon G, and the sporty Royal Touring. 4WD is offered for Royal Extra and Royal Saloon. Engine is either 2.0, 2.5, or 3.0-liter 6-cylinder. As with previous generations, all vehicles with the 2.0 L engine were offered in a slightly shorter and narrower vehicle so as to be in compliance with Japanese Government dimension regulations.

At its introduction in 1996, it won the Automotive Researchers' and Journalists' Conference Car of the Year award in Japan which it shared with the Crown Majesta.

This generation Crown was not exported in great numbers. It was mainly sent to Southeast Asian markets such as Singapore and Hong Kong. These Crowns, with sedan rather than hardtop bodywork, were fitted either with the 2.0-litre 1G-FE or the 3-litre 2JZ-GE unit depending on market conditions.

Crown Comfort (XS10; 1995–2017)[edit]

Main article: Toyota Comfort

Crown Comfort

Crown Sedan

In an effort to return to the original purpose of the Crown, which was to serve as a taxi, the Crown Comfort had smaller exterior dimensions but a roomier and taller interior than the Crown Royal series.

To reduce unnecessary cost and weight and increase interior space, the more luxurious dashboard and fitments (including leather seats) of the Crown Royal were replaced with less bulky all-plastic versions. The Comfort is also used as an instructional vehicle for people learning how to drive.

The Comfort is powered by either the 2L diesel engine (5L for the Singapore market, LXS10) or the 2L 3Y-PE LPG engine (YXS10). The Japanese model has fender mirrors and an automatic (driver-activated) rear door. The Crown Comfort is popular among taxicab in Japan, Hong Kong and Singapore in the past, but is gradually falling out of favour as better-appointed vehicles become available at competitive cost.

The new Crown Sedan for the Japanese market only is based on the Comfort, but has wider tail lights and longer bumpers.

The Crown Comfort was removed from Toyota's Japanese website on May 25, 2017, indicating that production and sales may have ended.[citation needed] It was replaced by the Toyota JPN Taxi which was launched at the 45th Tokyo Motor Show in October 2017.[59]

Eleventh generation (S170; 1999)[edit]

Motor vehicle

Eleventh generation (S170)

1999–2001 Toyota Crown Royal Saloon (JZS175, Japan)

  • 1999–2003 (Sedan)
  • 1999–2007 (Wagon)
AssemblyJapan: Toyota, Aichi (Motomachi plant)
TOYOTA CROWN 1977 года. (MS100)


  •  Engine Specifications

  •  Model Specifications


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1976 toyota crown

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