Plastic frag tank

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Coral growing and fragging is a hobby that is taken very seriously by many coral enthusiasts. The wonderful world of coral fragging is serious stuff and can take a very long time to get to grips with, but don’t worry, this post should help you make sense of the coral fragging business before getting started.

One of the best things about coral fragging is a huge community of fellow coral enthusiasts who love to swap and trade fragged coral to give others the opportunity to grow corals that they haven’t tried yet. I suggest visiting your local reef club and connecting with coral growers on social media so that you can take advantage of these opportunities too.

By the end of this article, you should know what a frag tank is, the difference between the types of coral frag tanks, what goes into a frag tank, and how to start fragging. Enjoy!

What is a Frag Tank?

Frag Tank

A frag tank is separate from your main fish tank. Frag tanks are dedicated tanks that allow coral cuttings to heal and grow in their ideal growing conditions. If you have coral in your main tank, you might remove some of it and grow it separately in a frag tank. Likewise, if you have been given a piece of fragged coral, you might want to place it in the frag tank until it has been established and healed sufficiently.

Types of Frag Tanks

There are many types of frag tanks for you to choose from. If you aren’t familiar with the difference between each setup, knowing which one to go for is incredibly challenging. I have gone over the most common types of frag tanks below for your reference.

Display Frag Rack

If you are new to coral fragging, you will probably feel the most comfortable with a display frag rack to start off with. A display frag rack is a magnetic rack that you place your coral frags on. This is a brilliant method if you want to save money, but be careful not to overload your tank with display frag racks as they can look very messy.

Sump Frag Tank

A sub frag tank is done in aquarium sumps and in customer sumps. You will need to use a grow-out light to help you grow the frags. Lights made for nano reef tanks are perfect for the job.

This is another money-saving frag tank option that could be convenient if you have the right setup. You might want to install an aquarium wavemaker to aid the process.

Integrated Frag Tank

This is a separate aquarium from your display tank; however, an integrated frag tank does share the water with your main display tank. You will need to install special plumbing to connect the two tanks together.

Using an integrated frag tank setup requires special attention. If you have a pest or disease problem in one of the tanks, it will be transferred to the other tank because the water is connected. This could seriously damage your coral frags and ruin your hard work.

Stand Alone Frag Tank

A stand-alone frag tank is exactly what it says on the tin. It is a completely separate frag tank from your main display tank that operates using its own filtration system and equipment.

This is the method that gives you the most control over the environment in both your frag tank and display tank. Anyone with some reef experience usually prefers this method over the others as it lets you grow corals to scale, but it is expensive and difficult to regulate, so opting for this method does require skill and experience.

What Should I Put into a Frag TankFrag Tank

Aside from equipment, what should I put in my frag tank? You have quite a few options here. Your frag tank could be more of a coral display tank, or you can keep little reef-loving fish in the tank with your coral. There are pros and cons to both setups. Here is a little bit about what you can expect in each setup.

Coral Only

If keeping fish in your frag tank doesn’t appeal to you, you will need to closely monitor the nitrate and phosphate levels. The only way to do this in an organic fish-free tank is by feeding your coral regularly. Alternatively, you could chemically dose the water with phosphate and nitrate.

Coral and Fish

Fish love coral and coral certainly love fish! Fish add a lot of nutrients to your coral tank, which is great for keeping the water at the right nutrient levels. The only downside of having fish in your frag tank is that your tank is more prone to pests and diseases than a coral-only tank.

Coral that Grow Well in a Frag Tank

Most corals can be fragged. This is particularly true for mushroom coral as they seem to grow well even if just a tiny piece of the main coral is removed. I do want to warn you that newly purchased corals are harder to frag, and you could find yourself killing or seriously damaging your main display if you attempt to frag it prematurely.

Here are some of my favorite coral to frag as they are hardy and very easy on the eye. If you are new to coral reef keeping and fragging, I suggest trying to keep one or more of these to start off with.

Star Polyps

Star polyps are the ideal coral for new coral keepers to go for. They are incredibly easy to care for, very inexpensive, and readily available at most aquarium stores. Some call this species ‘the coral weed’ because of its resistant nature.

Leather Corals

These low-growing mushroom-shaped corals make wonderful centerpieces in a reef tank. I love how this type of coral changes over time. Leather coral has bright green tentacles; however, they will retract at some points for a long period of time, and the coral will produce a thick waxy substance at the base of the plant. This is the coral’s way of cleaning itself, so don’t panic; just make sure that there is sufficient water flow in the tank.

Open Brain Coral

The open brain coral has a very small skeleton that supports a large floppy and very fleshy polyp. Ideally, you should place it directly on the substrate at the bottom of the tank.

This coral grows brilliantly in low light conditions. Most coral reef enthusiasts keep an open-brain coral in their aquarium because of its bright colors and ease of care. Use blue lighting in your aquarium if you want its bright red polyp to pop.

Trumpet Coral

This species of coral is another beginner’s favorite due to its size and bright coloration. It is usually a green or blue-green color which varies quite a lot within the species.

If you want to find the easiest coral to place in a frag tank, this is it. All you will need to do is to remove one of its many polyps from the main skeleton and place it in the frag tank of your choice.

Bubble Coral

Bubble coral is a type of stony coral. It is very easy to care for, but you should be careful not to keep it in a tank with strong water currents as that will damage it. Its polyps are very delicate, making sure that the coral has plenty of room in the tank and does not place it near any hard rocks or tough surfaces.

The Importance of Coral Fragging

Frag Tank

Coral fragging is more important than you may think. You might be doing it purely for pleasure, but preserving and propagating coral goes beyond our home aquarium enjoyment.

Let’s look at why it is important to aquarium enthusiasts. Here is how coral fragging could benefit you:

Shelter for Small Fish

Coral reefs are ideal shelters for many aquarium fish. Of course, you could put synthetic shelters and decorations in your aquarium for your fish, but fish much prefer the real thing. Placing synthetic coral in your fish tank puts your fish at risk of ingesting plastic, so keep this in mind when choosing accessories for your aquarium.

Great Small Business Idea

You can sell your newly fragged coral for a reasonable price to friends and family or even online to other coral enthusiasts. Selling coral overseas or sending them to other states may be difficult as they are very fragile. You should also look at the rules and regulations surrounding selling coral before embarking on this as a business venture; nonetheless, it is a possibility.

Better for Your Aquarium than Wild Coral

Wild coral is harder to keep in your aquarium than propagated coral. Think about it; fragged coral have started their lives in an aquarium, so they haven’t been exposed to pests and diseases that wild coral has.

Fragging coral is also more environmentally friendly than going to the sea and removing coral from its natural habitat. If you have been tempted to do this, you should look up the rules and regulations for removing coral from the ocean. It is forbidden to remove coral from the sea in most states.

How to Start Coral Fragging

Frag Tank

The first rule for keeping and fragging coral is to be selective in your choices of coral. You don’t want to have too many corals in a tank at once, as they won’t have enough space to grow and thrive.

You should also only consider fragging coral that is well established and healthy. New coral or coral that has recently suffered from a pest infestation or disease should not be fragged. Here is a step by step guide for fragging coral:

1. Sterilize Your Equipment

Sterilize your coral cutting equipment before cutting the frag. This ensures that the fragged piece will heal as fast as possible. This is also a great time to check the nitrate and phosphate rate in the fragging tank. You want everything to be in place and ready for your coral frags before you remove them from the parent plant.

2. Cut at the Base

You should always remove the frag at the base of the plant. Including some of the base, the rock will make sticking the coral frag to the plug much easier.

3. Dry the Base

You should dry the base of the frag with a clean cloth or paper towel. Make sure that the base is completely dry; otherwise, you may find it difficult to stick the base to the plug.

 4. Add Glue

You will only need a couple of dabs of glue to secure the frag to the plug. Do not overuse glue as the coral will naturally stick itself to the aquarium over time.

5. Place in a Tank With Low Flow

You must place the frag in a tank with a very low flow. This is so that the flow of water does not stop the coral from sticking to its new home.

Top Tips:

I want you to have the best experience fragging coral, after all, mistakes can cost you an arm and a leg, and that can turn the hobby into a burden. Use these top tips to help you out and save them for future reference.

1. Use Clean Equipment

Keeping things sterile is key when propagating aquarium plants and coral. Never use a knife or scissors that is usually used for cutting food or other non-aquarium-related substances.

2. Propagate Established Coral

Fragging young coral or coral that hasn’t been in your tank for long enough is very risky. You need the coral to be healthy and strong before considering fragging the coral.

3. Keep Fish in the Tank

Keeping fish in a coral tank is one of the smartest things to do. Fish are responsible for adding nutrients to the tank, so although caring for them may add a few things to your to-do list, it is worth making the extra effort.

4. Don’t Overcrowd the Tank

An overcrowded coral tank is a big no-no. Coral reefs need space to flow in the water and to grow to their maximum capacity. If you see that your corals are overcrowded, or they have outgrown the tank, you should frag them or move some to a different tank.

FAQ:

Do you want to learn some fun facts and additional information about coral fragging? The following frequently asked questions sections should help answer those last coral fragging questions you may have.

Q: Does fragging hurt coral?

A: Choppy seas and harsh conditions naturally frag coral in the wild. Doing this artificially in an aquarium is beneficial to coral as it keeps them well maintained and pruned. You should also remove damaged pieces of coral to help the coral heal and grow healthy polyps.

Q: Will coral attach itself to rocks?

A: Free swimming coral will attach itself to rocks. If you have free-swimming coral in your aquarium, you may find the coral sticks to and grows to any hard surface in the tank.

Q: What happens if I leave coral out of the water?

A: If corals are left out of water for a long period of time, they will begin to shrink and slump over, eventually drying out completely and dying. This does take some time, so if you need to remove the coral for a short period of time, then you don’t need to worry about anything happening to it.

Q: How long does it take for a coral frag to grow?

A: You can expect a coral frag to secure itself and begin to grow within a week or two of being fragged. Once the coral is secure, it will continue to grow very slowly.

Q: Should I add coral or fish to an aquarium first?

A: This all depends on how much experience you have growing coral and keeping fish. You should always start with the hardest first, so if you are an experienced fish keeper but an inexperienced coral keeper, you should start with adding coral to the tank and then introduce the fish once the tank is established.

Q: Should I remove the coral frag plug?

A: There is nothing wrong with keeping coral frags on the plug. You might want to remove them for aesthetic purposes, but other than that, leaving them on the plug is absolutely fine.

Q: How soon can I add coral to the tank?

A: Coral should be added to the tank once it has finished its Nitrogen cycle. Once your tank has been cycled, you should perform regular tank checks and keep on top of maintenance to ensure your coral stays in the best condition.

Q: Can dead coral be revived?

A: Yes, dead coral can be revived if they have died from being exposed to warm water due to climate change. Do not attempt to revive dead coral from your tank as it takes a long time, and you might not be able to save the coral after all your efforts. You should remove dead and damaged coral from the tank as it could result from diseases or pests.

Q: Can coral get too much light?

A: Yes, it is surprisingly easy to expose coral to too much light. You might do this accidentally by changing the lighting to accommodate a certain species of fish. That is why checking the compatibility of all aquarium inhabitants is vital beforehand.

Q: What are the easiest coral to keep?

A: star polyps and open brain coral are two of the easiest coral to keep. I have listed another three easy corals to keep and frag in the article above.

Q: What glue should I use for fragging coral?

A: Thick varieties of super glues are ideal for sticking coral frags to plugs. Runny glue that doesn’t dry fast will not work when fragging coral.

Q: Can coral survive a cycle?

A: You shouldn’t keep coral in the tank while it cycles; however, if you don’t have a choice, your coral should survive the cycle as long as the ammonia part has passed. This is a very risky thing to do and could ruin all of your hard work, effort, and time. If you can move the coral to another established and cycled tank while the main tank is cycling, then your coral will stay healthy and happy.

Have you got any tips and tricks to share with us about coral fragging and frag tanks? We would love to hear about your frag tank experiences and learn about the frag tanks that worked best for you. Share your frag tank experiences in the comments section below!

Sours: https://www.fishkeepingworld.com/frag-tank/

Diy frag rack for show tank

Hi all.
I recently purchased a frag tank from advanced acrylic. I priced out building my own from a local acrylics store and it was actually about 25 bucks cheaper to buy built!

I made a few quick racks to test my set up and breakdown which went well. I set up at the December meeting. But some of the corals fell out during travel and a few even broke off of their plugs.

I had an idea to sandwich a piece of epdm liner between acrylic sheets and the rubber will hold the plugs firmly in the holes.

1st stop my local plastics shop (shout out to laird plastics in Warwick they always have cut off scraps for 20 bucks or less!

Then off to my friends (@jason401) machine shop to mill the acrylic as these need 100% identical.
Here's the computerized Bridgeport milling machine
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There they are done. I'm going to punch the rubber this week. Originally I was going to thread the small holes and use nylon screws but it became easier just to buy nylon nuts ($ 6.00 for 100)

More to follow when I punch the epdm pond liner

 

Sours: https://bostonreefers.org/forums/index.php?threads/diy-frag-rack-for-show-tank.159339/
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8 inch Tall Coast-to-Coast AIO Rimless Frag Tanks

8 inch Tall Coast-to-Coast AIO Rimless Frag Tanks

…ensures all of the corals get similar light intensity. The added height of the 10" fragtanks provides a slightly better viewing window from the side as well as greater depth for larger frags, or tiered frag racks. The All-In-One (AIO) design keeps things simple and self-contained, and eliminates…

10 inch Tall Coast-to-Coast AIO Rimless Frag Tanks

10 inch Tall Coast-to-Coast AIO Rimless Frag Tanks

…ensures all of the corals get similar light intensity. The added height of the 10" fragtanks provides a slightly better viewing window from the side as well as greater depth for larger frags, or tiered frag racks. The All-In-One (AIO) design keeps things simple and self-contained, and eliminates…

8 inch Tall Rimless Frag Tanks with External Overflow

8 inch Tall Rimless Frag Tanks with External Overflow

…they make. They have developed a variety of shallow fragtanks, all built around the short and wide proportions ideal for top-down display and grow-out of small corals. The extra surface area is ideal for providing ample space for frags, giving them plenty of surface area for exposure to flow,…

6 inch Tall Coast-to-Coast AIO Rimless Frag Tanks

6 inch Tall Coast-to-Coast AIO Rimless Frag Tanks

…Acrylics have a lot of experience making custom acrylic aquariums and have developed their fragtanks in a variety of sizes and configurations to meet the needs of modern hobbyists. With the basis of this fragtank, all you have to do is decide on your preferred return pump and plumbing. For a very…

All-in-One Drop-In Kit for 20 Gallon Aquariums - 3rd Gen

All-in-One Drop-In Kit for 20 Gallon Aquariums - 3rd Gen

…be ready to roll. This AIO kit is a quick and great solution to set up a tank where simplicity and space savings are a concern. It is suitable to be used as a quick DIY solution for a display, hospital, frag growth tank, and much more. This kit will fit most appropriately sized aquariums with…

All-in-One Drop-In Kit for 40 Gallon Breeder Aquariums - 3rd Gen

All-in-One Drop-In Kit for 40 Gallon Breeder Aquariums - 3rd Gen

…be ready to roll. This AIO kit is a quick and great solution to set up a tank where simplicity and space savings are a concern. It is suitable to be used as a quick DIY solution for a display, hospital, frag growth tank, and much more. This kit will fit most appropriately sized aquariums with…

PRO Magnetic Frag Racks

PRO Magnetic Frag Racks

The PRO Frag Rack line by IceCap features an elegant, slim-profile design with an innovative frag-gripping membrane suitable for stems up to 3/8" in diameter. The rack's black and clear acrylic construction will blend seamlessly into the sides of your tank, and its modular design allows for easy…

20 Nuvo Concept Encore PRO AIO Aquarium Bundle

20 Nuvo Concept Encore PRO AIO Aquarium Bundle

frag growout system side-by-side with your nano reef, or have a breeding and rearing tank, but you even have the option of creating more unique setups with specially dedicated species aquariums for fish or corals with specific needs such as a mixed reef alongside a non-photosynthetic coral tank.

$252.44Regular Price:$296.99

Black Egg Crate for Aquariums 2' x 2' Square

Black Egg Crate for Aquariums 2' x 2' Square

…things. From frag racks, skimmer stands, to support under your aquascape. It is always a good idea to have some egg crate on hand. Black egg crate is the preferred surface for mounting large numbers of coral frags for the following reasons: Securely holds a large quantity of coral frags in the…

Reefer 3XL 900 System (240 Gal)

Reefer 3XL 900 System (240 Gal)

…chamber. The sump extension can be connected to the main sump and used for additional filtration, as a larger refugium or even as a dedicated fragtank. Alternatively, it can be set up as an independent unit and used as a full-size RO reservoir or saltwater reservoir for automated water changes.…

$5,139.00Regular Price:$

Tanklimate Acclimation Box - Nano

Tanklimate Acclimation Box - Nano

…to ensure your new arrivals get enough flow. If you do not need to introduce or isolate any fish, the Tanklimate can also be used as an in-tank fragtank or even an in-tank refugium to harbor algae and micro-fauna. Features Specially made to hold mushrooms & anemones safely Easy lift hinged…

All-in-One Drop-In Kit for 10 Gallon Aquariums - 3rd Gen

All-in-One Drop-In Kit for 10 Gallon Aquariums - 3rd Gen

…be ready to roll. This AIO kit is a quick and great solution to set up a tank where simplicity and space savings are a concern. It is suitable to be used as a quick DIY solution for a display, hospital, frag growth tank, and much more. This kit will fit most appropriately sized aquariums with…

Alpha Rack Magnetic Frag Racks

Alpha Rack Magnetic Frag Racks

Display your coral frags in style with this eye-catching magnetic frag rack from Eshopps. With two durable layers of black and neon-orange acrylic supported by anti-slip padded magnets, the Alpha Rack is designed to securely hold your frags for easy observation, acclimation, or display. Suitable for…

Reefer Deluxe 3XL 900 System (240 Gal)

Reefer Deluxe 3XL 900 System (240 Gal)

…chamber. The sump extension can be connected to the main sump and used for additional filtration, as a larger refugium or even as a dedicated fragtank. Alternatively, it can be set up as an independent unit and used as a full-size RO reservoir or saltwater reservoir for automated water changes.…

$6,735.00Regular Price:$

Clam Hammock

Clam Hammock

…filtration media (all of which is made in Brightwell's private factory in the United States), Brightwell Aquatics introduces the R.E.E.F. Frag system. The goal is simple: to improve productivity, use of spatial and monetary resources, and consequently the bottom line of coral and zooxanthallate…

Purple Sandbed Frag Rock

Purple Sandbed Frag Rock

…is made of a highly porousresin material that is 100% reef safe and can hold up to 6 frag plugs at any given time. The sandbed rocks are great for fragtanks or grow out systems that have a lot of loose coral frags on plugs. Dark Brown Color Reef Rax custom dark brown coloration resembles dry live…

Oceans Wonders Coral Frag Rocks - 10 Pack

Oceans Wonders Coral Frag Rocks - 10 Pack

Oceans Wonders Coral Frag mounts are perfect for the attaching coral frags including hard and soft branching corals such as Acropora, Birdsnest, Montipora, Kenya Trees, Xenia, etc.They are bright white in colorand fit into standard egg crate or into small cracks or crevices in your aquarium’s…

Gryphon AquaSaw Diamond Band Frag Saw

Gryphon AquaSaw Diamond Band Frag Saw

Originally designed for cutting glass, the Diamond Band Saw from Gryphon Corporation is designed for cutting frags and aquarium rock. Corrosion resistant components. Powerful motor, high speed motor for fast cutting. One square foot of work service plus large reservoir for water conveniently located…

Ceramic Biomedia 2" Cubes - MarinePure

Ceramic Biomedia 2" Cubes - MarinePure

…reef tank, and anytime we can sneak in some MarinePure Biomedia into an All in one tank, sump, or even overflows we will. We have run density tests and they have proved to be more porous than any live rock we could find. They are a great base for sponge growth, microfauna, and even coral frags.

6 Pack Mag Disks

6 Pack Mag Disks

…you to securely mount your new frags to the sides of your aquarium for creative new ways to display and grow out frags. Bring new dimension to your tank by mounting frags on your back walls, overflows. and sidewalls. Oceans Wonders Mad Disks are a magnetic frag disk that lets you securely mount…

N52 Mag Rack PRO

N52 Mag Rack PRO

…series of frag racks have been the simple and reliable frag rack that holds onto tanks up to 3/4" thick. The N52 Pro Frag Rack can hold up to 30 frag plugs at any given time from a variety of different manufacturers, even those large ORA frag plugs. Max Tank Thickness - 3/4" Coral frag racks should…

Ceramic Biomedia Plate - MarinePure

Ceramic Biomedia Plate - MarinePure

…reef tank, and anytime we can sneak in some MarinePure Biomedia into an All in one tank, sump, or even overflows we will. We have run density tests and they have proved to be more porous than any live rock we could find. They are a great base for sponge growth, microfauna, and even coral frags.

Sours: //www.bulkreefsupply.com
6g Innovative Marine Frag Tank Set Up

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Frag tank plastic

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LIVE CORAL REEF AQUARIUM

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